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What is Culture?. Why must we understand culture?. WHO has culture?. To avoid misunderstandings from a lack of knowledge Example : Eleanor who moves here from Hong Kong Everyone is born into a culture Its inherited by parents/grandparents It shapes our lives

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what is culture

What is Culture?

Created by C. Amaya

why must we understand culture
Why must we understand culture?

WHO has culture?

  • To avoid misunderstandings from a lack of knowledge
    • Example: Eleanor who moves here from Hong Kong
  • Everyone is born into a culture
    • Its inherited by parents/grandparents
    • It shapes our lives
  • To avoid being ethnocentric; stopping the label of the “ugly American”

Ethnocentrism – means to judge other cultures negatively & narrow-mindedly

      • We need to avoid this if possible
elements of culture
Elements of Culture

Which family structure term

would be used to

describe everyone, including:

your parents, siblings,

grandparents, cousins,

Aunts/uncles, friends, etc…

  • Social Organization
    • Family structure
      • Nuclear family
      • Extended family
    • Social classes
      • Born into your class in the past
      • Today, there is more opportunity for social mobility
  • Customs and Traditions
    • Rules of behavior
  • Language is the cornerstone of culture
    • Identity, expression

Why has religion

been the cause

of so many wars?

  • Cultures usually share religious beliefs.
  • Religion helps people answer basic questions about the meaning and purpose of life.
    • Also supports the values a group of people consider important.
  • History has played a central role in shaping the religion of a society
religious diversity

Worship of one god


Worship of more than one god.

Religion spreads…

Religious differences still cause major problems around the world today.

List of major religions:






Religious diversity
forms of government
Why are they formed?


people or person who holds power in a society

society’s laws and political institutions

Who organizes governments?

Types of government:

Democracy – a government where the power rests in the hands of the people. Govt. can act only with their consent.

Autocracy - ruler or small group of rulers who hold unlimited power. Usually rule by force.

Note: There are more specific types of government within these 2 categories

Forms of government