With your partner… • Come up with a definition or example of censorship. • cen·sor • 1.an official who examines books, plays, news reports, motion pictures, radio and television programs, letters, cablegrams, etc., for the purpose of suppressing parts deemed objectionable on moral, political, military, or other grounds. • 2.any person who supervises the manners or morality of others. • 3.an adverse critic; faultfinder. • 4.(in the ancient Roman republic) either of two officials who kept the register or census of the citizens, awarded public contracts, and supervised manners and morals.
Examples of censorship… • Afamous case of censorship in ancient times was that of Socrates, who was sentenced to drink poison in 399 BC for his corruption of youth and his acknowledgement of unorthodox divinities. • Italy- (and the entire Catholic World) Pope Paul IV ordered the first Index of Prohibited Books in 1559. • US- Mark Twain's The Adventures of Huckleberry Finnwas first banned in 1885 in the Concord Public Library (Massachusetts). • USSR- 1917 began a new, long and extensive era of strict censorship under the revolutionary rulers of the USSR lasting until the end of the 1980s.
Examples continued… • Germany- Numerous book pyres were enthusiastically lit by the Hitler Jugend, the young members of the fanatical Nazi movement, growing stronger and gaining ever more power in Austria and Germany during the 1930s. In order to cleanse the minds of people and society any book written by a Jewish author, communist or humanist, was fed to the flames. • Algeria- "Those that live by the pen shall die by the sword“ With these words the Armed Islamic Group (GIA) declared war on the media in Algeria. From May 1993 until the end of 1995, 58 editors, journalists and media workers were systematically executed with the intent of punishing and scaring journalists from acting as mouthpieces for the Algerian authorities. • Canada- In the early 1910s, motion pictures were rising in popularity. It was decided nationally that censorship of them was necessary in order to be suitable for a wide, general audience of varying ages, mental, and educational levels. (Canadian censors removed controversial scenes such as those with women smoking, disrespect for officers of the law, and depiction and patriotic waving of the American flag so the boards could promote a sense of Canadian nationalism)
No Facebook in China!?! • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2lcXxL4mnp0
Pros of censorship? • With your partner, discuss when/why censorship might be useful.
Check out the articles… • “The Kite Runner” Banned in Afghanistan • “Ontario Parents…”
Writing time… • In a developed response (use the rubric to guide you) discuss censorship.