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Censorship

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Censorship

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  1. Censorship Thomas Morrissy and Sam Joiner

  2. Individual Rights • Individual rights as determined by the government • Adults should be able to read see and hear what they want • Minors should be protected from material likely to harm or disturb them • Everyone should be protected from exposure to unsolicited material that they find offensive; • The need to take account of community concerns about: • Depictions that condone or incite violence, particularly sexual violence and the portrayal of a persons in a demeaning manner

  3. Individual Rights • Laissez-faire approach • Individuals are capable of determining the quality of internet content and the governments should not intervene in the 'marketplace of ideas' • Interventionist approach • Government's' role is to ensure that the law deals with online phenomenon like racial hatred and pornography • This approach will involve: • enacting legislation • imposing obligations on ISPs • strengthening enforcement agencies

  4. Internet Censorship in Australia • One of the strictest in the West • Arguments for: • Protection of children • Privacy • Makes the internet a safer and cleaner place • Arguments against: • Internet Service Providers say that it can be too easily bypassed • Enforcement too onerous • Filter may block material than has nothing to do with the type of content that the law aims to fight

  5. Mobile Censorship • Australian Communications Authority guidelines: • Mobile phones with chat services were to monitor all content • The ABA had been given the power to remove all outlawed content or services • Phone companies were to check a customer's age before making any content that would be classified MA15+ or R18+ available

  6. Legislation • Broadcasting Services Act 1992 • Allows the Australian Communications and Media Authority (ACMA) to ban content from Australia • Refused classification (or X18+) • R18+ • MA15+

  7. Legislation • Howard government introduced a filtering scheme that was imposed on all Internet Service Providers (ISP) • Labor Party proposed to extend censorship into a mandatory filtering that would ban potential refused content material • Argued that it would not only block inappropriate material, it would also combat child pornagraphy

  8. Future Directions • In order to combat cyber crime, there must be enforceable laws • Government provides public goods that enable individuals and businesses to use the internet • cable network and communication laws • criminal laws • laws governing property rights • enforcement agencies