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Demeter and Persephone. Alice Chiu. Activity One: Role Plays (Based on the Reading) Activity Two: Greek Myths and Everyday Speech Role Plays. Olympic Gods. Cast in the story (1/2). Demeter, the goddess of the harvest. Persephone, Demeter’s daughter.

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  • Activity One:Role Plays (Based on the Reading)

  • Activity Two:Greek Myths and Everyday Speech

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Cast in the story (1/2)

Demeter, the goddessof the harvest

Persephone, Demeter’s daughter

Hades, the god of the underworld; Persephone’s husband

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Cast in the story (2/2)

Zeus, the ruler of all the gods

Apollo, the god of the sun

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People are talking about Demeter

  • Two farmers are standing by their fields. They are grateful when they see Demeter walking in the distance. One farmer describes Demeter, saying, “________.” The other agrees and replies, “________.” They wave at Demeter and yell loudly together, “________!”

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Hades and Persephone

  • Hades, the god of the underworld, was riding over the earth. Suddenly, he saw Persephone. He was attracted by her and acclaimed, “________.” Then he fell in love with her at first sight. He asked Persephone, “________?” Not wanting to leave her beloved Mom, Persephone said, “________.”

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Persephone in the underworld

  • After taken into the underworld in Hades’s chariot, Persephone was _____ and _____ all the time. The underworld was like a great cave that went on forever, all _____ and _____. Persephone cried very often and she made a wish every day, “________.”

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Persephone and Apollo

  • After losing Persephone, Demeter raised a cry of alarm. She loved her daughter so much that she said, “________.” She searched and searched for Persephone, but in vain. One day, she met Apollo, the god of the sun. She asked him, “________?” Apollo gave her the answer, “________.” Demeter became very sad.

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Zeus, Demeter and Hades

  • When Zeus, the ruler of all the gods, saw Demeter become so depressed and the earth cold and bare, he told Demeter, “________.” Demeter was happier, and then she said, “________.” She hoped that she could get her daughter back as soon as possible. Zeus also gave an order to Hades, saying, “________.” Loving Persephone so much, Hades answered, “________.”

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Hades and Persephone

  • Then Hades had an idea, he gave Persephone a _____ fruit. He lied to her and said “________.” Persephone believed Hades and ate part of the fruit. Soon she realized the trick and said to Hades “________.” No matter how angry she was, she had to stay in the underworld with him for part of the year.

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Demeter and Persephone

  • When Persephone returns from Hades, Demeter was very _____. She makes spring come and flowers bloom. She tells her daughter, “________.” Persephone is happy to see her mother, but she tells her, “________.” Feeling sad, Demeter says, “When you are not with me, ________.” This is why the earth is cold during the winter.

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End of Activity One

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The Greek Myths and Everyday Speech

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Phrases from the Myths

  • Are the Greek myths relevant today? Consider the extent to which characters from Greek mythology appear in everyday speech.

  • Resources: Windows to the Universe,

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This is a Herculean task.(艱鉅的任務)

  • A huge or heroic task is said to be Herculean. This is in honor of the Greek mythological hero Hercules.

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This is a Sisyphean task.(無效的任務)

  • This term is named for Sisyphus, who paid eternally for his crimes by rolling a rock uphill. Every time it reached the top, it rolled back down again and Sisyphus had to start over.

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He’s got a Midas touch.(他能夠點石成金。)

  • This means that the person has the gift of profiting from whatever he does. Midas was a legendary king, who had the power to transmute whatever he touched into gold.

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That sure is a titanic ship.


  • Something huge in size or power is said to be titanic. The Titansare 12 divine children of sky and earth in Greek mythology, with great size, strength, intellect, importance, etc.

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That is a Procrustean effort.(削足適履)

  • A Procrustean effort forces evidence into a theory when it doesn’t fit, just as Procrustes violently adjusted his prisoners to fit their bed.

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An Atlasis a book of maps.(地圖集)

  • A book of maps gets its name from Atlas, the Titan who supported the heavens on his shoulders.

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He’s got my Achilles’ heel.(他抓到我的致命傷。)

  • An Achilles’ heel is a small fault or weakness in a person or system that can result in its failure. The Greek warrior Achilleshad been magically protected in all except that part of his body.

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End of Activity Two

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