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Building a UK Offshore Wind Industry. Dr Gordon Edge Director of Policy RenewableUK. A word on who we are…. The three most important things. The Market The Market The Market. 32 GW. The UK has a healthy pipeline. 47GW of leases in total…. 20,000. Round 3.

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building a uk offshore wind industry

Building a UK Offshore Wind Industry

Dr Gordon Edge

Director of Policy


the three most important things
The three most important things
  • The Market
  • The Market
  • The Market
the uk has a healthy pipeline

32 GW

The UK has a healthy pipeline

47GW of leases in total…




…But when are they delivered?

Wind Farm Capacity (MW)



6.4 GW


~ 1 – 2 GW












near term delivery quite clear
Near term delivery quite clear

Source: UK Offshore Wind: Staying on Track, report by Garrad Hassan for BWEA, June 2009

a more realistic view
A more realistic view?

Crown Estate

20% attrition, some projects delayed by 1 year

30% attrition, most projects delayed by 2 years

  • Installed in 2020:
  • High: 45GW; Medium: 24GW; Low: 14GW
what might this mean for turbine supply
What might this mean for turbine supply?
  • Final R2 projects and early STW projects using <4 MW turbines
  • Use of <4 MW expected on early R3 phases where water depths allow
  • From 2017, 5-6 MW turbines expected to be most common
  • Funds from Government
    • Offshore Wind Demonstration calls have given out £18m to Siemens, Vestas, Clipper, Artemis, Mitsubishi, Burntisland Fabrications and Teeside Alliance Group to fund introduction of advanced technology and manufacturing
      • Third call just closed
    • Increasing amounts available from Regional Development Agencies
    • More funds controlled by DECC and BIS
  • Focus on infrastructure
    • Ports Prospectus has excited interest
    • ‘Ports competition’ announced in Budget
      • Bidding open soon for £60m of money available to spend on upgrading port facilities and land for manufacturing
      • Bids from landowners must have manufacturer(s) attached
leading to turbine success
…leading to turbine success…
  • Clipper now building blade factory for 75m blades
  • Mitsubishi to invest £100m in R&D facility for new 6MW turbine
  • GE and Siemens to base offshore manufacturing in UK as result of the ports competition
  • Others to follow?
and success down the supply chain
…and success down the supply chain
  • New facilities for manufacture of towers and foundations to be built
    • BiFab, TAG, Welcon, Mabey Bridge
  • JDR Cables hopefully first of a number of cable manufacturing facilities
  • Opportunities in support vessels being exploited by Alnmaritec
more to be done demand
More to be done – demand
  • Ensuring that there is a strong market is the sine qua non for creating a thriving industry
  • This requires action in many areas:
    • Securing confidence in the market: Market support; clarity on future build targets
      • Avoiding the ‘R2 gap’
      • National Renewable Energy Action Plan objective is key
      • ‘Round Four’ likely to be necessary by middle of this decade
    • Securing finance for both projects and companies: ‘Green Investment Bank’ and EIB; Bringing in new money – institutional investors
    • Securing grid connections: Making OFTO work at reasonable cost
more to be done supply
More to be done – supply
  • The market alone is not enough
  • Direct stimulation of supply is necessary:
    • Further assistance for companies entering the UK supply chain
    • Further grants to ensure roll-out of new technology
    • Tax breaks and enhanced grants, possibly focused on ‘Low Carbon Enterprise Zones’
    • Coordination of effort
  • Action on supply of skilled workers
    • Promotion of ‘STEM’ subjects to young people and highlighting careers in renewables
    • Bringing in workers with transferable skills
    • Avoiding ‘poaching’ by offshore oil and gas
more to be done technology
More to be done – technology
  • Need to establish a more coherent national RD&D programme
    • Good work going on: e.g. Carbon Trust Offshore Wind Accelerator; Energy Technologies Institute; Technology Strategy Board; Narec facilities
    • But needs to be better coordinated
    • Test sites needed urgently – particularly onshore sites for offshore turbines
    • More funding will be needed, especially for demonstrating new foundation and turbine technology
in conclusion
In conclusion…
  • The UK is setting out its stall for an offshore wind industry…
  • And will soon be fully open for business
  • Join us in building in thriving industry for the UK and for the wider European market