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Birgit Matthiesen Special Advisor to the President US Government Relations Canadian Manufacturers and Exporters Association [email protected] The Relationship From the Auto Pact to the Recover Act. Are we moving forward?. The Auto Pact.

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Birgit Matthiesen

Special Advisor to the President

US Government Relations

Canadian Manufacturers and Exporters Association

[email protected]


The relationship from the auto pact to the recover act
The RelationshipFrom the Auto Pact to the Recover Act

Are we moving forward?


The auto pact
The Auto Pact

  • Its 1904 and Henry Ford opens his plant in Windsor, Ontario.

  • Up until 1960’s, most auto production took place in the US

  • On January 16, 1965, we signed the Canada-US Automotive Agreement, or the “Auto Pact”

  • Transformed the NA car industry


Jumping to 1994 the nafta
Jumping to 1994The NAFTA

  • Average bilateral tariff 3%

  • Auto and now auto parts sectors highly integrated, but also

  • Electronics industry and agri-food sectors

  • Border costs = remaining duties, broker fees


The 1990 s it s the economy stupid
The 1990’s“It’s the Economy, Stupid”

  • Budget deficits – governments looking to recoup cost of managing imports

  • Border inspection fees became the new “border cost”

  • Increases in existing fees (COBRA, MPF)

  • Introduction of new fees (APHIS, etc)


2001

  • Security trumped (trumps) trade

  • “Risk Management” = more data to assess risk to manage risk

  • Technology at the border

  • More inspectors, more inspections, more inspection fees, ------


2005 and the spp
2005 and the SPP

  • First substantive effort to reach “behind the border”

  • Regulatory harmonization – size of a can of soup!

  • Began thinking about NA protection of our environment, emergency response, etc

  • But also first effort to build “the North American economic space”


July 2008 141 barrel
July 2008 $141/barrel

“The company’s storage and transportation costs are currently higher than the operating cost of its factories”

  • Chief Global Product Supply Officer, Proctor & Gamble, June 2008


Meanwhile a thicker border
MeanwhileA Thicker Border

  • More data, more data sooner, more data electronically

  • The Lacey Act – up to 12 more data elements @ $1/data field = $12/shipment of wood, paper, wood products

  • Major NA paper company ships over 20,000 shipments over the border per year

  • One company $12X20,000=$240,000


Canadian companies stepped to the plate
Canadian companies stepped to the plate

  • By 2005, almost all of Canadian truck drivers operating in the US were FAST approved

  • One-third of Canadian companies were C-TPAT and PIP validated

  • CN and CP invested millions to accommodate VACIS inspections

  • We got it


February 2009 buy america the new barrier
February 2009Buy America -The New Barrier

  • Section 1605 prohibits the use of funds appropriated under the stimulus package for use in projects for the "construction, alteration, maintenance or repair of a public work or public building"  unless "all of the iron, steel and manufactured goods used in the project are produced in the United States."  

    February 2009 and ARRA


March 25 2009 dhs secretary napolitano
March 25, 2009 DHS Secretary Napolitano

And so let’s not ignore …. that we can just waive a magic wand and we have a shared border management structure. It is not an easy thing to accomplish.

Brookings Conference -Toward a Better Border: The United States and Canada


Moving forward
Moving Forward?

  • Signed the auto pact that launched the deal

  • Signed the NAFTA to close the deal

  • Completed the SPP to seal the deal

  • Buy America, border fees, more inspections?

  • Nobody wins and there is no good deal


Na competitiveness
NA Competitiveness

  • It’s a question of innovation

  • New markets

  • Best technologies

  • Predictable Business environment

  • It’s a question of trust and cooperation


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