Color • Is one of the most important elements of a design • It gives a design life, energy, and personality
Elements of Design COLOR
Today we will… • Define color. • Identify primary, secondary, and tertiary colors. • Develop a color wheel. • Identify a color as a tint, shade, or tone. • Distinguish between the types of color schemes.
Color is… • the visual response of the eye to various reflected wavelengths and pigments.
No Ugly Colors!!! • It is improper use or placement of color that makes a color objectionable.
The Color Wheel What we use to study colors and their relationships Made up of 12 colors (hues) hue= a particular color 3 categories: Primary Secondary Tertiary
Primary Colors • RED, YELLOW, and BLUE • Colors from which all others are made • Building blocks for the color pigment system
RED • Advancing • Exciting • Warm
YELLOW • Brilliant • Cheerful
BLUE • Cool • quieting
Secondary Colors • The mixture of any 2 primary colors YELLOW+ RED = ORANGE BLUE + YELLOW = GREEN RED + BLUE = VIOLET
Tertiary Colors • Primary color + adjacent secondary color • Formed by mixing a secondary color with one of its primary parents. • Primary color is always listed first
Tertiary Colors YELLOW-GREEN BLUE-GREEN BLUE-VIOLET RED-VIOLET RED-ORANGE YELLOW-ORANGE
Neutral colors/Earth Tones • Not seen on color wheel • BLACK, WHITE, GRAY • BROWN, BEIGE, TAN
TINT • color + white • Light yellow is a tint of yellow • Light blue is a tint of blue
SHADE • color + black • Maroon is a shade of red • Dark blue is a shade of blue
TONE • color + gray • Adding gray makes the brightness of a color decrease
Color Schemes • What colors “match” or look good together in a design. • There are 5 types
Monochromatic • one color • Uses a single color to complete a design • Can become monotonous • Should use tints, tones, and shades • Ex. Red
Analogous • 3 or more colors in sequence on the chart • Next to each other on the color wheel • Have a primary color in common • Harmonious, pleasing to the eye • Ex. Orange, Red-orange, and Yellow-orange
Complementary • Direct opposites on the color wheel • Contrast • Do not share a common color • Vibrant when placed side by side (can be hard to look at) • Create a focal point • (Red and green, blue and orange, yellow and violet)
Split Complementary- • 3 colors • One color and the 2 colors on either side of its compliment • Ex. Red and (not green but) yellow green and blue green
Triadic • 3 colors equally spaced on the color wheel • Unrelated colors • Ex. Green, Orange, and Violet
Worksheet • Differentiate between the types of color schemes
Questions • What is color? • Why is color important in floral design? • What are the primary colors? Secondary colors? Tertiary colors?
More questions • Light blue is a _______ of blue. • Maroon is a ________ of red • When we want to make a color dull we add______, and that is called______.