Life in Nazi Germany What was life like in Nazi Germany?
Hitler Consolidates Power http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5sKyAmzeDVI&feature=related • Heinrich Himmler will run an elite black-uniformed unit called the SS, which would eliminate Hitler’s political enemies • President Hindenberg dies in 1934 – Hitler names himself President • Hitler becomes Fuhrer (Supreme Leader) – Rudolf Hess: Dep. Fuhrer • Hitler bans all other political parties • A branch of the SS was a secret police force known as the Gestapo • Gestapo kept everyday citizens in order by terrorizing them into obedience
Ministry of Propaganda • 1933: Hitler appoints Joseph Goebbels as Minister of Propaganda • Propaganda used to promote Reich and blame Jews/others for pre-war problems • Goebbels orders the burning of books written by Jews or anti-Nazi authors • Children joined the Hitler Youth or League of German Girls
A German children’s book titled: The Poisonous Mushroom Nazi Propaganda #1 • Describe cover of the book and the adult in the book. • What is the author of this book trying to teach German children?
Nazi Propaganda #2 • Describe the worm, what is he doing? • What is the poster trying to say? Translation: The Jewish worm makes his move Hammer & Sickle Dollar sign
Nuremberg Laws • 1935: two sets of laws passed in Germany defining race & citizenship 1) Protection of German Blood & Honor – 1935 • Racial categories: German, Jew, & Mischling (grade 1 & 2)
Law forbids the marriage of Jews to non-Jews 2) Reich Citizenship Law - 1935 • Must be German to be citizen • Only citizens have full rights Film Clip Question: How did Stephan Lux bring the issue of Jewish persecution to the attention of the world?
Kristallnacht “Night of Broken Glass” • Businesses & homes are smashed & burned by SS, thousands of Jews are arrested by Gestapo. Nazis want Jews out of Germany • 1938: a 17-year old Jewish manshoots a German diplomat, (upset his father was deported to Poland) • Nazi respond by launching an attack against all Jews
Amen directed by Costa-Gavras • What were the Nazis doing to people with disabilities in Germany? • How does the Catholic Church respond to the Nazi plan to eliminate “unproductive” citizens? 3. How does the reaction of Lt. Gerstein differ from the rest of the SS officers? 4. What do you think a “unit” is? What do you think Hess & the Nazis are planning?