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Nazi Germany. 1933-39. The SA. Stormabteik Storm Troops, “ Brownshirts ” Protect Nazi meetings Harass rival organization. The SA. Led by Ernst Roehm Hitler made it the national, political police force Roehm wanted it to be incorporated into the Wehrmacht (regular army). The SS.

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Nazi germany

Nazi Germany

1933-39


The sa
The SA

  • Stormabteik Storm Troops, “Brownshirts”

    • Protect Nazi meetings

    • Harass rival organization


The sa1
The SA

  • Led by Ernst Roehm

  • Hitler made it the national, political police force

  • Roehm wanted it to be incorporated into the Wehrmacht (regular army)


The ss
The SS

  • Schutzstaffel Defense Echelon, “Blackshirts”

  • Originally Hitler’s personal guard

  • Loyal only to Hitler


The ss1
The SS

  • Led by Heinrich Himmler

  • Administered political prisons and eventually the entire Holocaust


Dachau
Dachau

  • The first concentration camp was opened March 22, 1933 in Dachau, Germany (outside Berlin)

  • Originally built to house political prisoners


March 1933
March 1933

  • Passed the Enabling Act

    • Suspended the constitution

    • All political parties except NSDAP outlawed

    • Local legislatures deprived of autonomy


Organized boycott
Organized Boycott

  • Nazis organized boycott of Jewish businesses, continued through the 1930s


April 1933
April 1933

  • The Law for the Restoration of the Professional Civil Service

    • Ousted all Jews and most anti-Nazi bureaucrats

    • Including teachers and university professors


May 1933
May 1933

Nazis hold large rallies to burn books written by Jews, intellectuals and political opponents


Workers in nazi germany
Workers in Nazi Germany

  • May 1—celebrates Labor Day celebrating the worker

  • May 2 – dissolves all unions and leaders sent to concentration camps

  • Strikes declared illegal


Workers in nazi germany1
Workers in Nazi Germany

  • Labor Front led by Robert Ley

    • Suppressed workers’ rights

    • No collective bargaining

    • No leaving job w/o permission

    • No complaining

  • Strength through Joy program, vacations, cars