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Agenda • What is Ministerial Advising • What skills do advisors need • What training does DoD provide • What is it like: • Transit to theater • Activities of the Advisor • How do we measure success
Two advisor programs: • Ministry of Defense Advisors (MODA) • (Claudia Munoz 703.614.2433. MoDAProgramInfo@osd.mil ) • - Civilian Expeditionary Workforce
Ministerial Advisors • Initial focus on Afghanistan. • Program designed to forge long-term, relationships that strengthen a partner state’s defense ministry. (In Afghanistan includes Interior) • Program matches senior DoD civilians with partner-identified requirements and provides backfill funding to experts’ parent organizations • Deployments for up to 2 years under auspices of the Civilian Expeditionary workforce. • While deployed, advisors exchange expertise with foreign counterparts in similar defense specialties. • FY12 NDAA authorized global deployments.
Ministry of Defense Advisors (MODA) • “Part of the transition [in Afghanistan] is going to be not only to transition the military to accept the responsibility of pro-viding security, but it’s also going to be the transition for the Afghan government to be able to maintain that.” — Secretary of Defense Leon Panetta Camp Eggers, Afghanistan July 2011 • “The MoDA program strengthens U.S. defense reform efforts in key countries and improves the preparation of DoD civilian advisors for such missions.” — Quadrennial Defense Review 2010
What is advising • Ministerial Advising • Build institutional capacity to sustain the force • Supports key functions: • Defense Policy and Strategy • Personnel and Readiness Management • Civil-Military and Interagency operations • Doctrine, Training, and Education • Acquisitions and Procurement • Logistics and Infrastructure Management • Health Care Administration • Facilities Engineering and Infrastructure Management • Staff procedures and administration • Operational and Tactical advising • Build skills of the force itself
What skills do ministerial advisors need? • Mastery of an institutional function (SME) • Budget, facilities, manpower, logistics, S&P • Staff administration and procedures • Strong leadership • Communications • Cultural, historical and economic awareness • Civility • Courage • Situational Awareness • Patience and self restraint with persistence • Dogged focus on results • Disciplined energy • Flexibility • Basic language capability
What Training Does DoD Provide? • CEW and MODA • Class room • Culture • Country Familiarization • Language • History • COIN • Nation Building Concepts • Personal Security • Capstone Exercise • Field • Scenarios • Weapons • First Aid • Admin and physical aspects OSD DARI Instructor
Senior Advisors, NTM-A/CSTC-A (Civilian advisors typically work for one of the Colonels)
Typical Advisors Day • 0730: head to Ministry • 0900: Ministry day begins • 1800: return to base camp (Eggers) • 1900: internal meetings, RFIs, paperwork • 2200: approximate end of work day Six days a week. Friday remain on camp half day due to Islamic Holy Day.
Advisor Mission: Assist Afghans become self reliant, self sufficient. Advisor’s Typical Activities • Meeting with counterpart • Meeting with counterpart’s staff • Assist in problem solving • Assist in capacity building • Assist counterpart in communicating • Information conduit between host and coalition staffs • Travel with counterpart • Moving around city/country • Security awareness • Internal Coordination, Meetings and Briefings • RFIs • Personal administration
Ministerial Development Stages • CM4: We do it • CM3: We do it, with Afghans • CM2: Afghans do it, with us • CM1: Afghans do it, without us • Progression is Similar to flight school • Ground training • Student right seat observing • Student left seat flying • Student solos • Student = pilot
How Progress is Defined and Measured Capability Milestone Projections CM-1B Testing Phase Overall CM Rating CM 3 CM1B CM4 CM2B CM3 CM2A CM1A Last Updated: 06 Oct 11 POC: LT Cauthen 237-0002 UNCLASSIFIED//REL TO GIROA
You may have to adjust your cultural norms, (RCMP Sergeant and Friend)
…respecting your elders is still important. (Kind old gentleman, a “tea guy” in the MoI)
… some people might not last too long. (Former DM CN DaudDaud, killed by Taliban)
You get to work with all sorts of interesting people, (DM CN visit to Province)
(0-6) 2-Person Rooms Living standards are better than you’d expect in a combat zone. (Swamp 2, Camp Eggers)
Gizab and KhasUruzgan Questions?