module vii cropping systems for chili pepper cultivation n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Module VII: Cropping Systems for Chili Pepper Cultivation PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Module VII: Cropping Systems for Chili Pepper Cultivation

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 15

Module VII: Cropping Systems for Chili Pepper Cultivation - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 109 Views
  • Uploaded on

After completing this lesson, you have learned to answer: Define intercropping system? What are the features of an ideal intercropping system? List useful intercropping systems for chili pepper cultivation ? What is mixed cropping? Why farmers practice mixed cropping?

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Module VII: Cropping Systems for Chili Pepper Cultivation' - enid


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
module vii cropping systems for chili pepper cultivation

After completing this lesson, you have learned to answer:

    • Define intercropping system?
    • What are the features of an ideal intercropping system?
    • List useful intercropping systems for chili pepper cultivation?
    • What is mixed cropping?
    • Why farmers practice mixed cropping?
    • Why intercropping is a better system than mixed cropping?

Module VII: Cropping Systems for Chili Pepper Cultivation

Lesson 2: Intercropping and Mixed Cropping Practices

module vii cropping systems for chili pepper cultivation1

Adverse weather conditions like delay in the onset of rains and/or failure of rains for few days to weeks some time or other during the crop period is very common in the rainfedchili pepper growing areas.

Module VII: Cropping Systems for Chili Pepper Cultivation

Lesson 2: Intercropping and Mixed Cropping Practices

module vii cropping systems for chili pepper cultivation2

Such situation results in economic losses to the farmers due to the partial or total failure of chili pepper crop.

To over come this situation there is need to adopt or follow chili pepper based cropping systems like intercropping or mixed cropping in rainfedchili pepper growing areas.

Module VII: Cropping Systems for Chili Pepper Cultivation

Lesson 2: Intercropping and Mixed Cropping Practices

module vii cropping systems for chili pepper cultivation3

With particular reference to dry land agriculture, an intercropping system needs to be designed in such a way that in the case of unfavorable weather, at least one crop will survive to give economic yields, thereby providing for the necessary insurance against unpredictable weather.

In case the year happens to be normal with respect to rainfall, the intercropping system, as a whole, should prove to be more profitable than growing either of the crops alone.

Module VII: Cropping Systems for Chili Pepper Cultivation

Lesson 2: Intercropping and Mixed Cropping Practices

module vii cropping systems for chili pepper cultivation4

Intercropping refers to growing more than one crop in the same land area in rows of definite proportion and pattern.

Module VII: Cropping Systems for Chili Pepper Cultivation

Lesson 2: Intercropping and Mixed Cropping Practices

Chili pepper-Maize

Intercropping

Sorghum-chili pepper

Intercropping

module vii cropping systems for chili pepper cultivation5

An ideal intercropping should aim to:

    • Produce higher yields per unit area through better use of natural resources;
    • Offer greater stability in production under adverse weather conditions and with disease and insect infestation;
    • Meet the domestic needs of the farmer;
    • Provide an equitable distribution of farm resources.

Module VII: Cropping Systems for Chili Pepper Cultivation

Lesson 2: Intercropping and Mixed Cropping Practices

module vii cropping systems for chili pepper cultivation6

The following intercropping practices were found to be remunerative than sole crop of chili pepper even under drought or excessive rainfall in AP.

Chili pepper+ Sorghum 2:1 ratio

Chili pepper+ Maize 2:4 ratio

Chili pepper + Soybean 4:2 ratio

Chili pepper + Sunflower 4:2 ratio

(2:1 ratio indicates 2 rows of sorghum and

one row of the other crop)

Module VII: Cropping Systems for Chili Pepper Cultivation

Lesson 2: Intercropping and Mixed Cropping Practices

module vii cropping systems for chili pepper cultivation7

Sorghum+ Chili pepper inter cropping system is recommended to farmers to meet the fodder needs of cattle and milch animals.

Module VII: Cropping Systems for Chili Pepper Cultivation

Lesson 2: Intercropping and Mixed Cropping Practices

Sorghum-chili pepper

Intercropping

module vii cropping systems for chili pepper cultivation8

While maintaining the yield levels of the sole or unmixed crop of chili pepper, additional yields with the intercropping component have been realized under various systems.

Since a food legume is involved in most of the systems, it will not only enhance the income of the farmer, but would also provide with the much-needed protein to supplement the predominantly cereal diet of farmers.

Module VII: Cropping Systems for Chili Pepper Cultivation

Lesson 2: Intercropping and Mixed Cropping Practices

module vii cropping systems for chili pepper cultivation9

Mixed cropping refers to simultaneously growing more than one crop in the same land area as a mixture.

Module VII: Cropping Systems for Chili Pepper Cultivation

Lesson 2: Intercropping and Mixed Cropping Practices

Chili pepper mixed with many other crops

module vii cropping systems for chili pepper cultivation10

Unlike in intercropping system, in mixed cropping the crops are grown without any definite proportion or pattern.

Module VII: Cropping Systems for Chili Pepper Cultivation

Lesson 2: Intercropping and Mixed Cropping Practices

module vii cropping systems for chili pepper cultivation11

Mixed cropping of Chili pepper-Maize is most common.

Mixtures with green gram (mung), black gram (urid), cowpea and even with pearl millet and other cereals, vegetables, etc. during kharif are practiced under different situations.

During rabi the mixing of chili pepper and safflower is the most common practice.

Module VII: Cropping Systems for Chili Pepper Cultivation

Lesson 2: Intercropping and Mixed Cropping Practices

module vii cropping systems for chili pepper cultivation12

Mixed cropping is practiced in traditional subsisting farming to meet the domestic needs of the farmer's family. Thus, the number of crops grown mixed varies depending on the family needs.

Module VII: Cropping Systems for Chili Pepper Cultivation

Lesson 2: Intercropping and Mixed Cropping Practices

module vii cropping systems for chili pepper cultivation13

Can you identify the number and name of the crops in this field?

Module VII: Cropping Systems for Chili Pepper Cultivation

Click on the picture to check your guess.

Lesson 2: Intercropping and Mixed Cropping Practices

module vii cropping systems for chili pepper cultivation14

Even though crops in the mixed cropping meets the farmer’s family needs, the yield of crops will be very low due to the competition between the crops for water, light, nutrients etc.

A better cropping system will be adopting intercropping system involving the major crops.

However, the crop plants required to meet the family needs could still be grown on the field bunds, on the field borders, and in the house back yards.

Module VII: Cropping Systems for Chili Pepper Cultivation

Lesson 2: Intercropping and Mixed Cropping Practices