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Of Plymouth Plantation William Bradford. Primary Sources. When reading a primary source, distinguish between the facts – and the author’s opinions, biases, assumptions and personal point of view Fact: The Pilgrims crossed the ocean from England and landed safely on Cape Cod

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Of plymouth plantation william bradford

Of Plymouth PlantationWilliam Bradford

Primary sources
Primary Sources

When reading a primary source, distinguish

between the facts – and the author’s opinions,

biases, assumptions and personal point of view

Fact: The Pilgrims crossed the ocean from England and landed

safely on Cape Cod

Opinion/POV: Bradford describes natives as “savage barbarians”

Bradford s tone words
Bradford’s “Tone” Words

Weather was “sharp and violent”

Wilderness was “hideous and desolate”

Ocean separates Pilgrims from all civil parts of the world

The first encounter
The First Encounter

FACT: Pilgrims discover the Native Americans’

corn and beans stored inside their houses. The

Pilgrims take the food and consequently do not


How does Bradford interpret the Pilgrims’ discovery of

the Native Americans’ corn and beans and what does

this tell you of his beliefs?

Opinion and point of view vs facts
Opinion and Point of View vs. Facts

Bradford believes that God led them to find the

food in order to save them from starving.

Bradford believes that God plays an active role

in their daily lives.

The first encounter1
The First Encounter

“Thus it pleased God to vanquish their enemies

[Indians]and give them [Pilgrims] deliverance;

and by His special providence so to dispose that

not any one of them [Pilgrims] were either hurt

or hit…”

The first encounter2
The First Encounter

Sounds like not only did God give them

permission to shoot their muskats at the Native

Americans, but did them a special favor, seeing

to it that no Pilgrims were harmed by Natives.

The starving time
The Starving Time

Dead of winter in Massachusetts

Infected with scurvy (Ewww…what’s that?)

Scarcely 50 Pilgrims remained!!!!

Showing true love for their friends, William

Brewster and Miles Standish took care of the

sick and dying …


What methods does Bradford use to

characterize Brewster and Standish as “heroic?”

Characterization of brewster and standish
Characterization of Brewster and Standish

Characters’ Actions “…there was but six or seven sound persons who

to their great commendations, spared no pains night or day, but with abundance

of toil and hazard of their own health fetched them wood…did all the homely

and necessary offices for them…which queasy stomachs cannot endure to hear

named…willingly and cheerfully…showing herein true love unto their friends.”

Narrator’s Direct Comments “…two of these seven were Mr. Wm.

Brewster and Myles Standish, their Captain and Military Commander…”

Feelings of Other Characters “… unto whom myself and many others were much beholden in our low and sick condition.”

Indian relations samoset
Indian Relations -Samoset

  • broken English learned from hanging around English fisherman up north

  • brings Pilgrims information about their new country

  • introduces them to other Native Americans

Indian relations squanto
Indian Relations - Squanto

  • speaks English very well; went to England!

  • taught Pilgrims to fish, hunt, and farm

  • stayed with Pilgrims until his death

Indian relations massasoit
Indian Relations - Massasoit

  • a Chief who develops peace agreement with Pilgrims

Can you do you
Can you…Do you?

Describe how Bradford views God’s actions?

Know what it the greatest danger to the Pilgrims during their early months at Plymouth?

Why Of Plymouth Plantation is considered a primary source?

Describe the content of Bradford’s account?

Discuss his biases or opinions?

Find the “tone words” for evidence?

Describe his overall point of view?

Between heaven and hell the puritan tradition
Between Heaven and Hell – The Puritan Tradition

Human beings are inherently evil and so must struggle to

overcome their sinful nature

Personal salvation depends solely on the grace of God, not

individual effort

The Bible is the supreme authority on earth

Textbook pg. 134-135