unit 1 puritanism william bradford of plymouth plantation n.
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Unit 1: Puritanism William Bradford “Of Plymouth Plantation”. The Puritan Philosophy. The Puritan Age. 1630: The Great Migration to New England (Puritans). Basic Timeline. 1690. 1745. The Great Awakening. 1636: Harvard College founded. 1692: The Salem Witch Trials.

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the puritan age
The Puritan Age

1630: The Great Migration to New England (Puritans)

Basic Timeline

1690

1745

The Great Awakening

1636: Harvard College founded

1692: The Salem Witch Trials

1620: Mayflower lands (W. Bradford) with 100 pilgrims

puritanism a definition
Puritanism: a definition
  • As a religion it stems from Roman Catholic

Catholics Church of England (Anglican) Puritan (to purify)

  • As a way of life it is based on God and his teachings
      • Puritans lived in a THEOCRACY
        • Church = State
          • Elders
          • Ministers = government/law
          • Bible teachings
puritan views
View of God

All-powerful

All-knowing

Revengeful

Just/fair

View of Man

Sinful

Unworthy of salvation

Puritan Views:
  • View of Nature
    • - Used by God as a way to punish or reward man
puritan tenets beliefs
Puritan Tenets (beliefs):
  • The Bible is the inerrant (without errors) word of God and an outline for living
  • Special people (good Puritans) have been chosen by God to carry out certain actions
  • Your eternal destiny is decided before you are born. How you live life hints to this destiny.
  • In all aspects of life, be pragmatic (practical) and avoid frivolous (unnecessary) activities.
  • “Work is necessary and good for you.”
puritan reasons for writing
Puritan reasons for writing:
  • Puritan literature is both PRAGMATIC and THEOCRATIC
  • Reasons for writing are
    • Loneliness
    • To describe the new land
    • For support from Europe
    • To explain action (esp. W. Bradford)
    • For religious purposes (esp. J. Edwards)
william bradford bio
Son of an English farmer

Was the typical first New England settler

Extremely religious; joined a group of Puritans

Fled from England to Holland and then to America because of religious persecution

Reached Plymouth in 1620 aboard the Mayflower

Wife either jumped or fell overboard and drowned

1st winter in America ½ the settlers died

Became governor of Plymouth (re-elected 30+ times

William Bradford: bio
bio cont
Wrote Plymouth’s history (began in 1630 and ended in 1647)

200 years later the manuscript was published

Bradford was disappointed that America fell short of its promise

Of Plymouth Plantation describes

Puritan’s flight from England to Holland to America

The trials of the 1st winter

The bloody Pequot War

Bio, cont.
of their voyage and how they passed the sea and of their safe arrival to cape cod
“Of Their Voyage, and How They Passed the Sea; and of Their Safe Arrival to Cape Cod”
  • Voyage was a mix of fair winds and fierce storms
  • One of the main beams bowed and cracked ½ way through the journey
  • Repaired the beam with a great iron screw (to raise it) and a post (to secure it)
  • Again, pilgrims believed that God would be fair to them
    • “So they committed themselves to the will of God and resolved to proceed” (59)
slide12
God saves a good Puritan from drowning
    • John Howland was thrown into the sea during a storm
    • “it pleased God that he caught hold of the topsail halyards” (59)
    • John Howland “lived many years and became a profitable member both in church and commonwealth” (his good life yielded a good fate)
  • One person (besides the seaman) perished on the voyage, William Butten
slide13
They first try to land @ Cape Cod
  • Then they decide to travel south down the Hudson (meet with rough waters)
  • Ultimately, they docked @ Cape Harbor
  • They landed in winter with no friends to meet them & no place for them to go
  • Bradford declares his trust in God to get them through
    • “What could now sustain them but the Spirit of God and His Grace?” (61)
book 2 the starving time
Book 2: “The Starving Time”
  • In 2 or 3 months’ time, ½ the ship’s passengers died
    • Lack of proper housing
    • Infected with scurvy
  • 6 or 7 Puritans were healthy enough to care for the others (chosen by God)
  • The seamen were greedy and selfish, keeping food and drink for themselves even with the passengers so sick.
slide15
The seamen began falling ill too
  • Nearly half of the seamen died before they set sail again
  • The pilgrims were much more willing to help each other in times of need and illness
  • The seamen were more barbaric and self-centered. They cursed each other instead of caring for each other
indian relations
“Indian Relations”
  • Samoset, an Indian that approached the pilgrims, helped them become familiar with the land
  • Squanto and the pilgrims set terms under which they would all live. These terms primarily favored the pilgrims. Squanto continued with the pilgrims as their interpreter and was “sent from God.” He aided the pilgrims until he died
of plymouth plantation tasks
“Of Plymouth Plantation”tasks
  • Write a short response to video clip
  • Create a timeline of events for the excerpt.