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CHAPTER SIX

CHAPTER SIX . Managing Employee Separations, Downsizing and Outplacement. Identify the costs and benefits associated with employee separations Understand the differences between voluntary and involuntary separations Avoid problems in the design of early retirement policies

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CHAPTER SIX

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  1. CHAPTER SIX Managing Employee Separations, Downsizing and Outplacement

  2. Identify the costs and benefits associated with employee separations Understand the differences between voluntary and involuntary separations Avoid problems in the design of early retirement policies Design HRM policies for downsizing that are alternatives to layoffs and develop a layoff program that is effective and fair Review Key Terms Attrition Employee separations Exit interviews Hiring freeze Involuntary separation Outplace assistance Turnover rate Voluntary separation Chapter Objectives

  3. Key Terms • Employee separations • The termination of an employee’s membership in an organization. • Turnover rate • The rate of employee separations in an organization.

  4. Costs of Employee Separations • The costs of employee separations • Recruitment costs • Selection costs • Training costs • Separation costs • Severance pay • Exit interviews • Outplace assistance

  5. Benefits of Employee Separations • The benefits of employee separations • Reduced labor costs • Replacement of poor performers • Increased innovation • Opportunity for greater diversity

  6. Types of Employee Separation • Voluntary separation • A separation that occurs when an employee decides, for personal or professional reasons, to end the relationship with the employer. • Quits • Retirements

  7. Types of Employee Separation • Involuntary separation • A separation that occurs when an employer decides to terminate its relationship with an employee due to a poor fit between the employee and the organization or economic necessity • Discharges • Occur when a firm decides there is a poor ‘fit’ between an employee and a the organization • Layoffs - downsizing and rightsizing • Downsizing • Strategy by a company to reduce scale and scope of its business to improve its financial performance • Rightsizing • Reorganization of a company’s employees to improve efficiency

  8. Alternatives to Layoffs – Early Retirement • Features of early retirement policies • Package of financial incentives that make it attractive for senior employees to retire earlier than they had planed • ‘Open window’ that restricts eligibility to a fairly short period of time • Avoiding problems with early retirements • A longtime employee who has performed satisfactorily over many years suddenly receives an unsatisfactory performance evaluation • A manager indicates that senior employees who do not take early retirement may lose their jobs anyway because a layoff is likely in the near future • Senior employees notice that their most recent pay raises are quite a bit lower than those of other, younger workers who are not eligible for early retirement

  9. Alternatives to Layoffs – Employment Policies • Attrition • An employment policy designed to reduce the company’s workforce by not refilling job vacancies that are created by turnover. • Hiring freeze • An employment policy designed to reduce the company’s workforce by not hiring any new employees into the company.

  10. Alternatives to Layoffs • Changes in Job Design • Reallocation and relocation • Bumping • Job Sharing • Pay and Benefit Policies • Pay freezes • Cut overtime • Use vacation time and leave days • Pay cuts • Retraining

  11. Implementing a layoff • Layoff • The elimination of jobs, often without regard to employee performance, usually when a company is experiencing financial difficulties. Also may occur if a company is changing its corporate strategies. • Notifying employees • Worker Adjustment and Retraining Notification Act of 1988 (WARN)

  12. Worker Adjustment and Retraining Notification Act of 1988 (WARN) • Worker Adjustment and Retraining Notification Act (1988) • Employment losses covered by the law: • Terminations other than discharges for cause, voluntary departures, or retirement • Layoffs exceeding six months • Reductions of more than 50% in employee’s work hours during each month of any six-month period. • Penalty for failing to give notice • One day’s pay and benefits to each employee for each day’s notice that should have been given, up to 60 days.

  13. Worker Adjustment and Retraining Notification Act of 1988 (WARN) • Worker Adjustment and Retraining Notification Act (1988) • Requires employers of 100 or more employees to give 60 days’ notice before closing a facility or starting a layoff of 50 people or more. • The law does not prevent the employer from closing down, nor does it require saving jobs. • The law is intended to give employees time to seek other work or retraining by giving them advance notice of the shutdown.

  14. Implementing a Layoff • Implementing a Layoff • Develop layoff criteria • Seniority vs. Performance • Communicating to laid-off employees • Coordinating media relations • Maintaining security • Reassuring survivors of the layoffs • Survivor Anxiety • More work • Unsettling changes • Self assessment of contributions • Guilt

  15. Outplacement • The Goals of Outplacement - • Reducing the morale problems of employees who are about to be laid off • Minimizing the amount of litigation initiated by separated employees • Assisting separated employees in finding comparable jobs as quickly as possible

  16. Outplacement Services • Emotional Support • Job-search Assistance

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