ap language composition n.
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
AP Language & Composition

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 4

AP Language & Composition - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

AP Language & Composition. Vocabulary Terms Set 3. Set 3. Directions : Copy the terms and their definitions below. You should review these each night. There will be a test on Friday. .

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'AP Language & Composition' - emmy

Download Now An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
ap language composition

AP Language & Composition

Vocabulary Terms Set 3

set 3
Set 3

Directions: Copy the terms and their definitions below. You should review these each night. There will be a test on Friday.

  • Ad hominem –Latin for “against the man”. When a writer personally attacks his or her opponent instead of their arguments. It is an argument that appeals to emotion rather than reason, feeling rather than intellect.
  • Argumentation- to prove the validity of an idea, or a point of view, by presenting good sound reasoning.
  • Casual relationship – a writer asserts that one thing results from another. To show how one thing produces or brings about another is often relevant in establishing a logical argument.
  • Deduction –moving from general statements we accept as true, to an inevitable conclusion.
  • Induction- the process of reasoning from premises that constitute good, but not absolutely certain, reasons to a conclusion that is probably correct. It involves bringing together pieces of evidence and arriving at a conclusion.
  • Nostalgic - sentimental or wistful yearning for the happinessfelt in a former place, time, or situation.
  • Diction- word choice particularly as an element of style
  • Ethos –an appeal to one through establishing his credibility and character
set 3 continued
Set 3 Continued
  • Logos – appeals to one through reasoning based on logic
  • Pathos- appeal to one’s by using emotion
  • Euphemism – a more agreeable and less offensive substitute for generally unpleasant words
  • Exposition – to explain and analyze information by presenting an idea, relevant to evidence, and appropriate discussion.
  • Oversimplification – when the writer denies the complexity of an idea
  • Paradox – a seemingly contradictory statement which is actually true. An idea which embeds a contradiction.
  • Parody- an exaggerated imitation of a serious work for humorous purposes. It borrows words or phrases from an original to poke fun at it. It is a form of allusion, since it is referencing a previous text, or event etc.
  • Qualification – redefining your argument so that it no longer conflicts with the valid claim of an opposing viewpoint.
  • Refutation – when the writer musters relevant opposing arguments.
  • Rhetorical question- not asked for information but for effect; one does not expect a reply, but simply draws attention through its use.
set 3 continued1
Set 3 Continued
  • Rhetorical fragment - a sentence fragmentused deliberately for a persuasive purpose or effect
  • Syllogism – a deductive system of formal logic that presents two premises – the first one “major” the second one “minor” that inevitably lead to a sound conclusion.
  • Symbol /symbolism – anything that represents or stands for something else.
  • Epistrophe - repetition for rhetorical effect: repetition of a word or phrase at the end of consecutive clauses or sentences for rhetorical effect.
  • Antimetabole - is the repetition of words in successive clauses, but in transposed grammatical order (e.g., "I know what I like, and I like what I know").
  • Asyndeton - leaving out conjunctions: the omission of conjunctions in sentence constructions in which they would usually be used.
  • Polysyndeton- The repetition of conjunctions in close succession for rhetorical effect, as in the phrase here and there and everywhere.