Adult CPR/AED. Before Giving Care Recognizing and Responding to an Emergency. Emergencies are often signaled by something that catches your attention : Unusual sights Unusual appearances or behaviors Unusual odors Unusual noises .
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Recognizing and Responding to an Emergency
It may be hard to recognize an emergency or sudden illness in some cases. The signals are not always easy to see or identify.
All 50 states have enacted Good Samaritan Laws that give legal protection to people who willingly give emergency care to an ill or injured person without accepting anything in return.
CHECK the scene, the CHECK the person.
Check for responsiveness.
Tap the shoulder and shout, “Are you okay?”
If no response, CALL 9-1-1. (If they are face down, roll the person over face up.)
Open the airway using the head tilt, chin lift method. CHECK for breathing for no more than 10 seconds. (Look, listen, and feel).
Quickly scan for severe bleeding.
If the person is breathing, monitor the ABC’s. If leaving victim place in recovery position.
A = Airway (keep the airway open with the head tilt, chin lift)
B = Breathing (look, listen, feel)
C = Circulation (skin color, temperature, heartbeat)
CHECK the scene, then CHECK the person. (Ask, are you choking? If female, are you pregnant?)
Have someone call 9-1-1.
Obtain consent (I am trained in first aid, can I help you?)
Lean the person forward and give 5 back blows with the heel of your hand.
Give 5 quick upward abdominal thrusts (pause between each thrust, chest thrusts should be used on pregnant women or very large people).
Note: You can give yourself abdominal thrusts by using your hands or using the back of a chair or desk.
Not 100% successful but it gives someone a chance. Early CPR helps circulate blood that contains oxygen to vital organs.
CHECK the scene – CHECK the person.
Tap and shout, “Are you ok?”
Tip the head back and look, listen and feel for signs of life for no more than 10 seconds.
No signs of life – give 2 rescue breaths.
Air goes in – find the center of the chest and give 30 compressions and 2 rescue breaths.
Check the scene for safety.
Tap and shout “Are you okay?”
No response, CALL 9-1-1.
Tip head back and check for signs of life for no more than 10 seconds.
No signs of life – Give 2 breaths.
If the breaths do not go in…
6. Re-tip the head and attempt 2 more breaths.
7. If the chest does not rise – give 30 chest compressions. (Place hands in the center of the chest and compress the chest 1 ½ to 2 inches at a rate of 100 compressions per minute.)