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CPR/AED/FBAO

CPR/AED/FBAO

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CPR/AED/FBAO

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  1. CPR/AED/FBAO BY: MEHROZ KHAN & CAROLINA RAMOS PERIOD: 6&7

  2. CPR Steps GREAT! CPR • If you spot a person on the ground not moving remember to CHECK, CALL, CARE. Tap the person and shout, “Are you OK?!” Conscious? No? CALL 911, if you’re with someone tell them to get an AED. If no AED is present, still begin….

  3. Compressions Begin… Chest compressions! • Remember the CABs!!! • Compressions Airway Breathing • Place the palm of your hand on the center of the person’s chest. Put your other hand on top of the first, interlacing your fingers. • Compressions for adults and children is at least 1 ½ to 2 inches, and ½ to 1 ½ inches for infants.

  4. Compression Cont. • Remember to keep the rhythm to one hundred times a minute. • Give cycles of 30 chest compressions and 2 rescue breaths for adults, children and infants. • 4 cycles of CPR should be given in 2 minutes

  5. Airway Head tilt, chin lift. 10 Seconds. • Place your hand on their forehead and your other hand on the tip of their chin then • Put your ear next to their mouth and CHECK if they’re breathing. • Always check for signs of life for no more than

  6. Breathing GREAT! Not breathing? Breathing? Give 2 rescue breaths. Each should last for about a second. Do They will have NOT blow too hard or a pulse if they you could damage their are breathing. lungs.

  7. Breaths Cont. • If breaths don’t go in, head tilt, chin lift again. • Make sure the mouth is completely covered and that you are pinching the nose. • Continue compressions and breaths – 30 compressions, two breaths – until EMS arrives.

  8. AED • An automated external defibrillator is a portable device that checks the heart rhythm. • If needed, it can send an electric shock to the heart to try to restore a normal rhythm. AEDs are used to treat sudden cardiac arrest (SCA).

  9. AED: AUTOMATED EXTERNAL DEFILIBRATOR IF A VICTIM IS UNRESPONSIVE, THREE THINGS NEED TO OCCUR: 1. CALL 9-1-1 2. RETRIEVE THE AED 3. CHECK FOR BREATHING AND BEGIN CPR. IDEAL FOR THREE PEOPLE. IF TWO PEOPLE, ONE SHOULD CALL 9-1-1 AND GET AED AND OTHER BEGIN CPR. IF YOU ARE ALONE, YOU SHOULD DO ALL OF THEM IN THE ORDER LISTED ABOVE. CALL 9-1-1, RETRIEVE AED, AND PERFORM CPR.

  10. THE THREE IMPORTANT STEPS! 1. CALL 9-1-1 2. RETRIEVE AED 3. PERFORM CPR

  11. IF THE VICTIM IS NOT BREATHING…. FOLLOW THESE STEPS: 1.PLACE VICTIM ON ITS BACK. 2.TILT HEAD BACK AND LIFT CHIN.CHECK FOR BREATHING NO MORE THAN 10 SECONDS. 3. TURN ON AED AND FOLLOW THE COMMANDS.

  12. STEPS TO SAVE A LIFE(:

  13. STEPS TO SAVE A LIFE (CONT.) 4.OPEN VICTIM’S SHIRT AND WIPE HIS CHEST DRY. 5.ATTACH ONE PAD TO THE VICTIM’S UPPER RIGHT CHEST AND ONE LOWER LEFT SIDE. 6. PUSH THE ‘ANALYZE’ BUTTON OR LET THE AED AUTOMATICALLY BEGIN ON ITS OWN.

  14. STEPS TO SAVE A LIFE PART 2(:

  15. IF THE AED DETERMINES A SHOCK… IT IS REQUIRED FOR EVERYONE TO KEEP CLEAR FROM THE VICTIM. PRESS THE ‘SHOCK’ BUTTON. LET THE AED REANALYZE.

  16. IF THE AED DOES NOT REQUIRE A SHOCK… CHECK THE VICTIM FOR A PULSE. IF YOU CANNOT FIND PULSE AND VICTIM IS NOT BREATHING, BEGIN CPR UNTIL THE AED REANALYZES. IF THERE IS NO PULSE BUT THE VICTIM IS BREATHING, THEN PERFORM RESCUE BREATHING. IF THERE IS A PULSE AND BREATHING, PLACE THE VICTIM IN A RECOVER POSITION AND MONITOR THEM.

  17. CHOKING VICTIM HAS AN OBSTRUCTED AIRWAY.

  18. WHAT DO YOU DO IF A PATIENT IS CHOKING? IF VICTIM IS CONSCIOUS AND IS COUGHING,MAKING NOISE OR TALKING IT MEANS THE AIRWAY IS NOT COMPLETELY OBSTRUCTED. IN THIS SITUATION, REMAIN CALM AND CALM THE VICTIM. ENCOURAGE THE VICTIM TO COUGH HARD, IT IS THE MOST EFFECTIVE METHOD.

  19. CHOKING (CONT.) IF VICTIM IS CONSCIOUS BUT ISN’T TALKING OR MAKING NOISE OR BREATHING, IT MEANS THE AIRWAY IS COMPLETELY OBSTRUCTED. ABDOMINAL THRUSTS ARE GIVEN TO PROVIDE A FORCE OF AIR TO PUSH THE OBJECT OUT OF THE AIRWAY.

  20. CHOKING VICTIM VICTIM WILL GRASPS THEIR THROAT AND LOOK CYANOTIC IF CHOKING. ABDOMINAL THRUSTS ARE GIVEN TO THE VICTIM.

  21. IF VICTIM IS UNCONSCIOUS… START OFF WITH A SEQUENCE OF STEPS: 1. GIVE 5 ABDOMINAL THRUSTS 2.PERFORM A MOUTH SWEEP 3. OPEN AIRWAY AND ATTEMPT TO GIVE BREATHS (VENTILATE) 4. KEEP REPEATING UNTIL VENTILATIONS ARE SUCCESSFUL OR OTHER MEDICAL HELP ARRIVES.

  22. STEPS TO HELP A CHOKING VICTIM

  23. CHOKING INFANTS • AN INFANT IS FROM BIRTH TO 1 YEAR OLD. (A DIFFERENT METHOD IS USED.) • 1. 5 BACKBLOWS • 2. 5 CHEST THRUSTS • 3. A CHECK OF THE MOUTH • 4. A FINGER SWEEP • 5. ATTEMPT TO GIVE VENTILATIONS • 6. KEEP REPEATING UNTIL OBJECT IS OUT OR UNTIL OTHER MEDICAL HELP ARRIVES.

  24. STEPS TO HELP CHOKING INFANTS

  25. IF A CHILD IS CHOKING…. A CHILD IS CONSIDERED FROM THE AGE OF 1-8 YEARS OLD. THE SAME SEQUENCE OF STEPS FOR AN ADULT IS ALSO USED ON A CHILD. HOWEVER A FINGER SWEEP OF THE MOUTH IS NOT PERFORMED UNLESS OBJECT CAN BE SEEN.

  26. ONCE CPR IS STARTED IT MUST BE CONTINUED UNLESS… • VICTIM RECOVERS AND STARTS TO BREATHE. • OTHER MEDICAL HELP ARRIVES. • RESCUER IS SO PHYSICALLY EXHAUSTED, CPR CANNOT BE CONTINUED.