Writing Concisely: Methods for Eliminating Wordiness. Danika Rockett WRIT 300 Summer 09. Some Points to Consider. Cutting or shortening unnecessary words and phrases Avoid nominalizations (nouns made from verbs) Change that , who , and which clauses into phrases
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(LBH p. 531)
Here's a list of some words and phrases that can often be pruned away to make sentences clearer:
kind of sort of generally nature of
type of really particular thing
basically very specific due to the fact that
definitely actually for all intents and purposes
(LBH p. 531-532)
A nominalization occurs when we take a verb (for example, “install”) and turn it into a noun form (“installation”). The –tion suffix is a clue.
(LBH pp. 385; 530)
Using a clause to convey meaning that could be presented in a phrase or even a word contributes to wordiness. Convert modifying clauses into phrases or single words when possible.
(LBH p. 534, 39d)
Expletives are phrases with the following structures:
There is/was, There are/were, It is/was
(LBH p. 534, 39e)
Passive voice takes focus off of the subject. Use passive voice only when necessary.
The ball was hit by the boy.
The boy hit the ball.
Always consider your readers as you draft and revise your writing. If you find passages that explain or describe in detail what would already be obvious to readers, delete or reword them.
Watch for phrases or longer passages in your writing in which you repeat words with similar meanings. Below are some general examples of unnecessary repetition contrasted with more concise versions, followed by lists and examples of specific redundant word pairs and categories.
Many pairs of words imply each other. Finish implies complete, so the phrase completely finish is redundant in most cases. So are many other pairs of words:
past memories various differences each individual
basic fundamentals true facts important essentials
future plans terrible tragedy end result
final outcome free gift past history
unexpected surprise sudden crisis very unique
More examples in LBH p. 533.
Specific words imply their general categories, so we usually don't have to state both. We know that a period is a segment of time, that pink is a color, that shiny is an appearance. In each of the following phrases, the general category term can be dropped, leaving just the specific descriptive word:
large in size often times of a bright color
round in shape at an early time period in time
of cheap quality honest in character of an uncertain condition
unusual in nature extreme in degree of a strange type
in a confused state heavy in weight