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School Safety Training. Means of Egress WAC 296-800-310. Notice. This presentation is provided to all Educational Service District 101 (ESD 101) schools at no cost.

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school safety training

School Safety Training

Means of EgressWAC 296-800-310

  • This presentation is provided to all Educational Service District 101 (ESD 101) schools at no cost.
  • This presentation contains copyrighted materials purchased by ESD 101 for the exclusive use of training school personnel within ESD 101.
  • This presentation may not be reproduced except to print “handouts” or “notes pages” for use during training within ESD 101 school districts.
  • If the school district does not have Microsoft’s PowerPoint software available, a PowerPoint viewer can be downloaded from the internet at no cost.
  • Questions may be directed to the ESD 101 Risk Manager.
  • Exits
  • Means of Egress
  • Alarms
  • Emergency Evacuation
  • Quiz
means of egress
Means of Egress
  • Continuous and unobstructed way of exit travel from any point in a building or structure to a public way
  • Consists of three parts:
    • the way of exit access
    • the exit
    • the way of exit discharge
number of exit routes
Number of Exit Routes
  • Number of employees
  • Size of building
  • Arrangement of workplace
  • Building occupancy
location of exit routes
Location of Exit Routes
  • Minimum of two exit routes
  • Exit routes must be remote from each other
  • If one exit route is blocked, the other is available
  • Single exit is allowed in rare cases
size of exit routes
Size of Exit Routes
  • Large enough for maximum occupant load for each floor
  • Capacity does not decrease at any point
  • Minimum of 6 feet 8 inches high
  • Minimum 36” doors (min. 32” clear opening)
  • ADA requirements more restrictive in new construction
unobstructed access
Unobstructed Access
  • Maintain exit routes free of obstructions
  • Exit route cannot require travel to a dead end
  • Exit route cannot go through a room that might be locked
minimize danger
Minimize Danger
  • No explosive or flammable items
  • No materials that burn quickly
  • No materials that emit poisonous fumes when burned
marking exits
Marking Exits
  • Clearly visible sign reading “EXIT”
  • Exit sign in distinctive or contrasting color
  • Signs indicating direction to nearest exit
  • No obstructions or decorations
non exit doors
Non-Exit Doors
  • Any doorway or passage that might be mistaken for an exit
  • Mark with “NOT AN EXIT”
  • Mark doors to indicate actual use
adequate lighting
Adequate Lighting
  • Exit routes illuminated
  • Exit signs illuminated or made of reflective material
  • Self-lighting signs maintained
  • No brightly lit objects near exit sign
outdoor exit routes
Outdoor Exit Routes
  • Balcony, porch, roof
  • Guardrails to protect unenclosed sides
  • Covered if snow/ice likely to accumulate
  • Straight with level floor
  • No dead ends that branch off exit route
doors readily open
Doors Readily Open
  • Doors open from the inside
  • No keys, tools, or special knowledge required
  • Free of device that could restrict emergency use
exit route leads outside
Exit Route Leads Outside
  • Directly outside to a street or walkway
  • To an open space with access to the outside
  • Clearly show how to leave the building
  • Paths barricaded along exit route that lead elsewhere
  • Exits
  • Means of Egress
  • Alarms
  • Emergency Evacuation
  • Quiz
emergency evacuation plan
Emergency Evacuation Plan
  • Escape routes
  • Alarm systems
  • Evacuation procedures
  • Training
  • WAC 180-41-035
  • RCW 28A.305.130
alarm systems
Alarm Systems
  • Distinctive signal that warns staff and students of emergencies
  • Noticeable above surrounding noise and lights
  • Alarm heard/seen throughout entire school
  • Manual actuation devices
  • Automatic detection devices
sounding alarm procedures
Sounding Alarm Procedures
  • Manual pull box alarm
  • Public address system
  • Phones or radios
  • Air horns
  • Yell for help
test alarm systems
Test Alarm Systems:
  • At least every two months
  • Annually for monitored systems
  • To ensure reliability
  • To ensure adequacy
emergency numbers
Emergency Numbers
  • Post near phones
  • Post on Safety Bulletin


  • Post in supervisors’ offices
  • Include fire, police, hospital
  • Include emergency response personnel
evacuation assignments
Evacuation Assignments
  • Evacuation coordinators
  • Head count/Class roster
  • First aid and CPR
  • Equipment shutdown
  • Fire responders
  • Evacuation of employees and students who need assistance
evacuation procedures
Evacuation Procedures
  • Recognize the evacuation signal
  • Listen for instructions
  • Shut down equipment
  • Assist and direct students
  • Follow the nearest exit route
  • Proceed to the assembly area
staff training
Staff Training
  • Location of evacuation routes
  • Alarm signals
  • Assembly areas
  • Evacuation assignments
  • Drills
exits at home
Exits at Home
  • Determine exits
  • Develop an evacuation plan
  • Train your family
  • Have a pre-designated family assembly area
  • Teach your family to note the location of exits when in public places
  • Exits
  • Means of Egress
  • Alarms
  • Emergency Evacuation
  • Quiz
  • Know the location of your exit routes
  • Keep exit routes clear of obstructions
  • Keep exit signs clearly visible
  • Recognize alarm signals
  • Take evacuation drills seriously
  • Describe the exit route that is nearest to your normal workstation.
  • Describe an alternate exit route from your normal workstation.
  • Name some items that you have seen obstructing exit routes.
  • Signs along the exit route only need to say “EXIT.” True or False
  • Some doors might be mistaken for an exit; how should those doors be marked?
quiz cont
Quiz (cont.)
  • Exit doors cannot be locked from the inside. True or False
  • Once you exit the building, where should you go?
  • Describe what the emergency alarm in your building looks and sounds like.
  • Describe how you would sound the alarm in your building if you discovered a fire.
  • What is the minimum number of exit routes for any school area?
quiz answers
Quiz Answers
  • Various answers, depending on location of workstation
  • Various answers, depending on location of workstation
  • Various answers: file cabinets, storage boxes, janitorial supplies, chairs, etc.
  • False; the signs also need to point to the direction of the exit.
quiz answers cont
Quiz Answers (cont.)
  • True
  • Go to the designated assembly area.
  • Example: police siren and flashing white lights
  • Manual pull box, PA system, phone, air horn, yelling
  • Two exit routes that are remote from each other