1942. 1945. America in a World at War. World War II Without America 1931/1937 - Manchuria 1933 - Rise of Hitler 1935 - Mussolini and Ethiopia 1936-1937 - Spanish Civil War 1938 – Anschluss with Austria 1938 - Munich and Invasion on Czechoslovakia
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America in a World at War
1931/1937 - Manchuria
1933 - Rise of Hitler
1935 - Mussolini and Ethiopia
1936-1937 - Spanish Civil War
1938 – Anschluss with Austria
1938 - Munich and Invasion on Czechoslovakia
1939 – Invasion of Poland
1939 – Hitler-Stalin Pact
1940 – Capitulation of France
1940 - Battle of Britain
1940 - Invasion of Soviet Union
1941 - Japan Joins the Axis
1941 - Pearl Harbor Attack
The American Economy in Wartime
Woman aircraft worker, Vega Aircraft Corporation, Burbank, Calif. (Library of Congress)
A. Philip Randolph
Fair Employment Practice Committee (FEPC)
Washington, D.C. Soldier inspecting a couple of "zoot suits" at the Uline Arena during
Woody Herman's Orchestra engagement there (Library of Congress)
The evacuation of the Japanese Americans from West Coast areas under U.S. Army war emergency order. Japanese Americans going to camp at Owens Valley gather around baggage car at the old Santa Fe Station (Library of Congress)
Total circa 61 Million
THE DECISION TO DROP THE ATOMIC BOMB
1936 -- 36,329
1937 -- 50,244
1938 -- 67,895
1939 -- 82,998
1940 -- 70,756
1941 -- 51,776
1942 -- 28,781
1943 -- 23,725
1944 -- 28,551
1945 -- 38,119
America and the Holocaust
Surrender of National Sovereignty?
delivered by Franklin Delano Roosevelt, on January 6, 1941
The first is freedom of speech and expression --everywhere in the world.
The second is freedom of every person to worship God in his own way-- everywhere in the world.
The third is freedom from want, which, translated into world terms, means economic understandings which will secure to every nation a healthy peacetime life for its inhabitants --everywhere in the world.
The fourth is freedom from fear, which, translated into world terms, means a world-wide reduction of armaments to such a point and in such a thorough fashion that no nation will be in a position to commit an act of physical aggression against any neighbor --anywhere in the world.
AUGUST 14, 1941
The President of the United States of America and the Prime Minister, Mr. Churchill, representing His Majesty's Government in the United Kingdom, being met together, deem it right to make known certain common principles in the national policies of their respective countries on which they base their hopes for a better future for the world.
First, their countries seek no aggrandizement, territorial or other;
Second, they desire to see no territorial changes that do not accord with the freely expressed wishes of the peoples concerned;
Third, they respect the right of all peoples to choose the form of government under which they will live; and they wish to see sovereign rights and self government restored to those who have been forcibly deprived of them;
Fourth, they will endeavor, with due respect for their existing obligations, to further the enjoyment by all States, great or small, victor or vanquished, of access, on equal terms, to the trade and to the raw materials of the world which are needed for their economic prosperity;
Fifth, they desire to bring about the fullest collaboration between all nations in the economic field with the object of securing, for all, improved labor standards, economic advancement and social security;
Sixth, after the final destruction of the Nazi tyranny, they hope to see established a peace which will afford to all nations the means of dwelling in safety within their own boundaries, and which will afford assurance that all the men in all lands may live out their lives in freedom from fear and want;
Seventh, such a peace should enable all men to traverse the high seas and oceans without hindrance;
Eighth, they believe that all of the nations of the world, for realistic as well as spiritual reasons must come to the abandonment of the use of force.
CHARTER OF THE UNITED NATIONS
26 June 1945
WE THE PEOPLES OF THE UNITED NATIONS DETERMINED
to save succeeding generations from the scourge of war, which twice in our lifetime has brought untold sorrow to mankind, and to reaffirm faith in fundamental human rights, in the dignity and worth of the human person, in the equal rights of men and women and of nations large and small, and to establish conditions under which justice and respect for the obligations arising from treaties and other sources of international law can be maintained, and to promote social progress and better standards of life in larger freedom,
Adopted by UN General Assembly Resolution 217A (III) of 10 December 1948
WHEREAS recognition of the inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family is the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world,
WHEREAS disregard and contempt for human rights have resulted in barbarous acts which have outraged the conscience of mankind, and the advent of a world in which human beings shall enjoy freedom of speech and belief and freedom from fear and want has been proclaimed as the highest aspiration of the common people, WHEREAS it is essential, if man is not to be compelled to have recourse, as a last resort, to rebellion against tyranny and oppression, that human rights should be protected by the rule of law,
WHEREAS it is essential to promote the development of friendly relations between nations,
WHEREAS the peoples of the United Nations have in the Charter reaffirmed their faith in fundamental human rights, in the dignity and worth of the human person and in the equal rights of men and women and have determined to promote social progress and better standards of life in larger freedom,
WHEREAS Member States have pledged themselves to achieve, in cooperation with the United Nations, the promotion of universal respect for and observance of human rights and fundamental freedoms, WHEREAS a common understanding of these rights and freedoms is of the greatest importance for the full realization of this pledge,
Articles of Agreement of the International Bank forReconstruction and Development, July 22, 1944