America in world war ii
Download
1 / 52

America In World War II - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 90 Views
  • Uploaded on

America In World War II. World War II: On The Home Front. Allies. Britain Led by Churchill United States After Pearl Harbor Led by Roosevelt Soviet Union Germany broke non-aggression pact and invaded Russia Led by Stalin. Industrial Production.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'America In World War II' - sibley


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript


Allies
Allies

  • Britain

    • Led by Churchill

  • United States

    • After Pearl Harbor

    • Led by Roosevelt

  • Soviet Union

    • Germany broke non-aggression pact and invaded Russia

    • Led by Stalin



Agencies to mobilize us economic and military resources for wartime
Agencies to mobilize US economic and military resources for wartime

  • WPB – War Production Board

    • Manage war industries

  • OWM – Office of War Mobilization

    • Set production priorities

    • Controlled raw materials

    • Cost plus system

      • Cost of production plus a percentage for profit


Us out of depression
US out of Depression wartime

  • Business is booming

  • Unemployment disappears

  • Outdid even the 1920s


Efficient production
Efficient production wartime

  • Astonishing production

  • Twice all of Axis powers combined

  • Henry Kaiser

    • Turned out a new ship every 14 days


Wages prices rationing
Wages, Prices, Rationing wartime

  • OPA – Office of Price Administration

    • Regulated civilian lives

      • Freezing prices

      • Freezing wages

      • Freezing rents

      • Rationing commodities

        • Meat

        • Gasoline

        • Tires

        • Other products


Unions
Unions wartime

  • Agreed no strikes while war was on

  • Freezing wages not popular with unions

  • Lewis calls for a few strikes


Smith connally anti strike act
Smith-Connally Anti-Strike Act wartime

  • Over FDRs veto

  • Allowed government to take over war related businesses whose operations were threatened by strikes

    • FDR did use to run railroads for a while


Financing the war
Financing The War wartime

  • Over $288 billion dollars

  • How

    • Increased income tax

      • Most Americans pay

      • Deducted from payroll

    • Selling war bonds

      • $135 billion sold

      • Lack of consumer goods made it easy to save

      • Very patriotic



Every group in america adjusted
Every group in America adjusted wartime

  • Millions leave rural areas for factory jobs in Midwest and Pacific

  • New communities arose around military factories

  • Many located in South because of climate and low labor costs


African americans
African Americans wartime

  • 1.5 million leave South for jobs in North

  • Served in army

    • Segregation

    • Discrimination

      • Double V

        • Victory over fascism

        • Victory for equality


Civil rights groups
Civil Rights Groups wartime

  • NAACP membership rose

  • CORE – Congress of Racial Equality

    • Militant work for civil rights

  • Smith v. Allwright

    • Unconstitutional to deny membership in political parties to African Americans as way to keep them from voting


Mexican americans
Mexican Americans wartime

  • Worked in defense industries

  • Served in military

  • Braceros

    • Mexicans allowed to migrate to help with crop harvest

  • Zoot Suit Riots

    • Mexican immigrants stir white resentment

    • Battle on streets of Los Angeles - 1943


Native americans
Native Americans wartime

  • Defense industries

  • 25,000 in military

  • Navajo code breakers


Japanese americans
Japanese Americans wartime

  • Suffered from association with enemy

  • 20,000 loyally serve in military

  • Suspected of being spies and saboteurs

  • 100,000 into internment camps

    • All on west coast


Korematsu v u s 1944
Korematsu v. U.S. (1944) wartime

  • Supreme Court upholds government internment in time of war

  • 1988 government says injustice had been done and paid them $20,000 each that were still alive


Women
Women wartime

  • Changes women’s lives

  • Took jobs vacated by men

    • “Rosie the Riveter”

    • Paid less than men

    • Most left after war

  • 200,000 serve in military


Propaganda
Propaganda wartime

  • Government’s war propaganda everywhere

    • Posters, songs, news bulletins

    • Movies made

  • Office of War Information

    • Controlled news about troops and battles

    • Most patriotic war ever



Again fdr
Again FDR wartime

  • Many felt there should be no change in leadership during war

  • 4th nomination

  • Changed VP

    • Henry Wallace to radical

    • Harry Truman – Missouri


Thomas dewey
Thomas Dewey wartime

  • Republican nominee

  • Governor of New York

  • Could not offer anything different

  • Not very interesting election

  • Republicans did attack FDR’s dog Falla


Results
Results wartime

  • FDR

    • 53%

    • 432

  • Dewey

    • 47%

    • 99



Two theater war
Two “theater” war wartime

  • 1942 Japanese have huge empire

    • Philippines

    • Dutch East Indies

    • Islands of South Pacific

  • 1942 mostly about war on eastern front

    • Desperate attempt to save Russia from conquest


Fighting germany
Fighting Germany wartime

  • Stalingrad

    • Largest battle in history

    • Millions die

    • Turning point in war in eastern front


Defense at sea attacks by air
Defense at sea, attacks by air wartime

  • Must overcome German subs in Atlantic

    • Battle of the Atlantic

    • Began using

      • Radar

      • Sonar

      • Bombing naval bases

  • Begin bombing of German cities


From north africa to italy
From North Africa To Italy wartime

  • Had to drive Germans out of North Africa

  • Operation Torch – 1942

  • Led by Eisenhower, Montgomery, and Patton

  • El Alamien

  • Tunisia


Sicily
Sicily wartime

  • Patton

  • Occupied in 1943

  • Mussolini falls from power

  • Germany now controls Italy

  • Soft Underbelly

    • Anzio

    • Monte Cassino


From d day to victory in europe
From D Day To Victory In Europe wartime

  • June 6, 1944 – Normandy

  • Led by Eisenhower

  • Liberate Paris by August

  • September into Germany

    • Counter Attack

    • Battle of the Bulge winter 1944


German surrender
German Surrender wartime

  • Bombing raids in Germany since 1942

    • Destroyed industrial capacity

  • Hitler commits suicide on April 30, 1945

  • Unconditional surrender on May 7, 1945


The holocaust
The Holocaust wartime

  • Nazi program of genocide against Jews

  • 6 million jews killed, 9 million over all

  • Shocked world


Fighting japan
Fighting Japan wartime

  • U.S. against Japan alone

  • Japan controls East Asia and Southeast Asia

  • Occupied

    • Philippines

    • China

    • British Burma

    • Malaya

    • French Indochina

    • Dutch East Indies

    • Most of Pacific Islands west of Midway


Turning point 1942
Turning Point 1942 wartime

  • Dominated by naval forces

    • Coral Sea – May – 1942

      • First all aircraft naval battle

    • Midway – June – 1942

      • Decoded Japanese messages

      • Surprise Japanese and destroy fleet


Island hopping
Island Hopping wartime

  • Get within striking distance of Japan

  • Seize strategic islands on the way

  • Bypass strongly held islands and isolate with navy

  • Admiral Nimitz

  • Douglas MacArthur

    • Commanded Southern Pacific fleet

    • Vowed to return to Philippines


Major battles
Major Battles wartime

  • Leyte Gulf

    • Largest naval battle in history

    • To pave way for occupation of Philippines

    • Destroyed Japanese navy

    • Use of Kamikaze pilots

      • Very damaging at Okinawa

        • 50,000 casualties


Atomic bomb
Atomic Bomb wartime

  • Manhatten Project

    • Begun in 1942

    • Led by Robert Oppenheimer

    • $2 billion dollars to develop

    • Tested on July 16, 1945 in New Mexico


Truman and the bomb
Truman and the Bomb wartime

  • Truman did not know about Manhatten Project as VP

  • Would not hesitate to use it to save American lives

  • Called on Japan to surrender or face “utter destruction”


Dropping the bombs
Dropping the bombs wartime

  • Hiroshima

    • Enola Gay

    • August 6, 1945

    • 100,000 die instantly

    • Does not end war

  • Nagasaki

    • August 9, 1945

    • Japanese look for peace


Japan surrenders
Japan Surrenders wartime

  • Agree to surrender if emperor could remain on throne but powerless

  • September 2, 1945

    • USS Missouri

    • Douglas MacArthur

    • Tokyo harbor



Casablanca
Casablanca wartime

  • January 1943

  • Roosevelt and Churchill

  • Agree to invade Sicily

  • Demand unconditional surrender


Teheran
Teheran wartime

  • Big Three – Roosevelt, Churchill, Stalin

  • November 1943

  • Agree liberation of France in 1944 (D Day)

  • Soviets would invade Germany

  • Soviets would join in fight against Japan


Yalta
Yalta wartime

  • Big Three

  • February 1945

  • Soviet Union

  • Long Term Agreement

    • Germany to be divided and occupied

    • Free elections in Eastern Europe

    • Soviets enter war on Japan (August 8, 1945)

    • Soviets control Sakhalin island & Kurile Islands

    • Agree to form United Nations


Death of fdr
Death of FDR wartime

  • April 12, 1945

  • Warm Springs, Georgia

  • Shocked world

  • Truman becomes President


Potsdam
Potsdam wartime

  • Stalin, Truman, Attlee

  • August 1945

    • Issue warning of surrender to Japan unconditionally

    • Hold wartime trials of Nazi leaders



Costs
Costs wartime

  • 300,000 die

  • 800,000 wounded

  • $320 billion in costs

    • 10 times that of WWI

    • Debt increase 1,000%

    • $250 billion deficit


United nations
United Nations wartime

  • Congress willing to accept peacekeeping organization after this war

  • Allies draw up plan in Washington DC

  • 50 nations meet in San Francisco April 1945

  • Senate accepts involvement

  • October 24, 1945 UN comes into existence


Expectations
Expectations wartime

  • New World order emerging from WWII

  • Hopes that life would be better & prosperous

  • US remained unscarred

  • US the most prosperous and powerful

  • Unfortunately Cold War begins