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Trends, Obstacles, and Opportunities Affecting Instream Flow Issues. by Tom Annear, Wyoming Game & Fish Department Nina Burkardt, U. S. Geological Survey. Easy. What is success?. Failure ?. Success?. Success as a level of flow protection. Full ecosystem protection

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trends obstacles and opportunities affecting instream flow issues

Trends, Obstacles, and OpportunitiesAffecting Instream Flow Issues

by

Tom Annear, Wyoming Game & Fish Department

Nina Burkardt, U. S. Geological Survey

slide6

Failure ?

Success?

success as a level of flow protection
Success as a level of flow protection
  • Full ecosystem protection
  • Comprehensive ecologically based management
  • Partial ecologically based management
  • Threshold level protection
  • No formal flow protection
slide8

Full Ecosystem Protection

Comprehensive Protection

Partial Protection

Threshold Protection

River systems were built and are maintained by different magnitudes of discharge occurring over time and space.(Hill et al. 1991)

slide10

Protection

(top-down flow)

Full Ecosystem Protection

Comprehensive Protection

Partial Protection

Threshold Protection

River systems were built and are maintained by different magnitudes of discharge occurring over time and space.(Hill et al. 1991)

slide11

Restoration

(bottom-up flow)

Full Ecosystem Protection

Comprehensive Protection

Partial Protection

Threshold Protection

River systems were built and are maintained by different magnitudes of discharge occurring over time and space.(Hill et al. 1991)

slide12

Maximum flow

Minimum flow

How much?

international instream flow program initiative

International Instream Flow Program Initiative

Tom Annear, Project Manager

Del Lobb, Midwest Coordinator

Chuck Coomer, Southeast Coordinator

Mark Woythal, Northeast Coordinator

Charles Hendry, Canadian Coordinator

Kathleen Williams, Project Coordinator

Christopher Estes, Advisor

project features
Project Features

State and provincial F & W agencies

Funded with USFWS Multi-State Conservation Program Grant

2006 – 2008 (+)

project goal
Project Goal

… (identify) trends and opportunities that will help state and provincial fishery and wildlife management agencies develop, maintain, or improve the effectiveness of their instream flow / water management activities and programs.

project elements
Project Elements
  • Agency surveys – 2006-2007
    • Part 1: Consistency and trends with IFC policies
    • Part 2: Effectiveness of flow activities
  • Post-survey workshop – October 2007
    • Agency strategies
  • Final report – winter 2009 (www.instreamflowcouncil.org)
project scope
Project Scope
  • Legal elements
  • Public involvement
  • Institutional elements
  • Technical tools (methods)
most effective tools
Most Effective Tools
  • Reservoir management agreements
  • Detailed environmental studies
  • Hydro (FERC) licensing / re-licensing
  • 401 water quality certification
  • Federal endangered species programs
top agency needs
Top Agency Needs
  • More supportive regulations and policies
  • More staff (lack of expertise)
  • More actively supportive public
  • More supportive laws (insufficient laws)
  • More knowledgeable public (insufficient public values)
workshop results drivers and strategies
Workshop Results (Drivers and Strategies)
  • Legal
  • Institutional
  • Public Involvement
legal
Legal
  • Driver: Policies, laws, and regulations don’t recognize or allow ecologically based flow regimes.
    • Update documents that identify state and federal legal opportunities
    • Frame a comprehensive model for states that can serve as a guide for developing or improving legal and institutional approaches
institutional
Institutional
  • Driver: Many state fish & wildlife agencies lack instream flow program priorities.
    • Work through AFWA to increase awareness
    • Work to increase awareness on individual agencies (by IFC and others)
public involvement
Public Involvement
  • Driver - The public is not sufficiently knowledgeable of instream issues or supportive of instream values.
    • Define the audience / Refine the message
    • Make water messaging part of I&E effort
public involvement1
Public Involvement
  • Driver – State agencies don’t collaborate and partner enough with NGO’s and other stakeholders on water issues.
    • Engage NGO’s and others (including water users) to communicate instream flow problems and solutions to policy makers
conclusions
Conclusions
  • Define success (goal)
  • Integrate key elements
    • Science
    • Institutional
    • Public involvement
    • Legal
slide30
"Obstacles are those frightful things you see when you take your eyes off your goal." Henry Ford (1863-1947)
online pre conference survey
Online pre-conference survey
  • All registered attendees invited to respond
  • Seven main questions and 1 “bonus” question.
  • Response rate: 57%
top contributors to instream flow problem solving success
Top contributors to instream flow problem solving success
  • All needed stakeholders are at the table and committed to the process (51%)
  • There is strong legal and policy support for enhanced ecological flows (33%)
  • There is political support for the solution (33%)
top contributors to instream flow problem solving failure
Top contributors to instream flow problem solving failure
  • Insufficient legal or policy support for the ecological protection/restoration desired (58%)
  • Participants are too unwilling to compromise (43%)
  • Needed stakeholders are not sufficiently involved or do not participate consistently (40%)
suggestions
Suggestions
  • Strengthen laws and policies
  • Communicate
  • Engage the public
  • Improve the science
  • Agencies need resources
first conduct research
First: Conduct research
  • Multi-disciplinary
  • Include local knowledge
  • Include stakeholders early
    • Tension between scientists and other stakeholders
    • Varying opinions about the level of authority
then convey results
Then, convey results
  • Benefits of instream flow protection
  • Need for protection
  • Broad
    • “Clearly tie the improvement of instream flow to economic and public health benefits”
gain support
Gain support
  • General public
  • Attentive public
  • Officials
  • Policymakers
    • Process issues: how?
    • “Consider other’s needs carefully and try to find solutions for those most opposed to yours.”
monitor progress
Monitor progress
  • Consider Adaptive Management
  • Conduct and publish case studies
  • Share knowledge of what works
  • Explore creative alternatives
conclusions1
Conclusions
  • Science is essential but not sufficient
  • Leadership is key
  • Great need for skills in communication, negotiation
  • Value differences
  • There is no one-fits-all solution, but may be some general principles.