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http://vilenski.org/science/safari/cellstructure/chloroplasts.html. ENERGY & LIFE 8-1. http://www.science.siu.edu/plant-biology/PLB117/JPEGs%20CD/0076.JPG. http://www.newtonswindow.com/problem-solving.htm. Remember from BIO 1.

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energy life 8 1

http://vilenski.org/science/safari/cellstructure/chloroplasts.htmlhttp://vilenski.org/science/safari/cellstructure/chloroplasts.html

ENERGY & LIFE8-1

http://www.science.siu.edu/plant-biology/PLB117/JPEGs%20CD/0076.JPG

remember from bio 1

http://www.newtonswindow.com/problem-solving.htm

Remember from BIO 1

_____________ can make their own food usingenergy from sunlight.

AUTOTROPHS

Ex: Green plants, a few bacteria

http://www.seorf.ohiou.edu/~tstork/compass.rose/photosynthesis/chloro_sun_bathing.gif

remember from bio 11

http://www.newtonswindow.com/problem-solving.htm

Remember from BIO 1

HETEROTROPHS

__________________ get energy by consumingother organisms

Ex: Animals, fungi, most bacteria

http://www.epa.gov/region5/superfund/ecology/images/fishcartoon.gif

slide4

Remember from

BIO 1

WHAT DO CELLS USE ENERGY FOR ?

ACTIVE TRANSPORT

Na+ - K + PUMPEndocytosis

Exocytosis

Images: http://www.newtonswindow.com/problem-solving.htm

http://www.lionden.com/cell_animations.htm

http://academic.brooklyn.cuny.edu/biology/bio4fv/page/cell-movement.html

Animation from:

what do cells use energy for
WHAT DO CELLS USE ENERGY FOR ?

Movement

Synthesis of biomolecules

Reproduction

Meiosis: http://www.tokyo-med.ac.jp/genet/anm/

Cilia: http://www.sk.lung.ca/content.cfm?edit_realword=hwbreathe

Replication: http://www.beyondbooks.com/lif71/4c.asp

Transcription:http://www.wappingersschools.org/RCK/staff/teacherhp/johnson/visualvocab/mRNA.gif

Translation:

slide6

http://www.newtonswindow.com/problem-solving.htm

Remember from BIO 1

ONE SPECIAL KIND of NUCLEOTIDE

is used by cells to store and transport

ENERGY

ATP

Image by: Riedell

cells use atp to store and release energy
CELLS USE ATP TO STORE and RELEASE ENERGY

3

____ PHOSPHATE GROUPS

ATP = __________________________

Adenosine triphosphate

atp can change into adp
ATP can change into ADP

2

____ PHOSPHATE GROUPS

ADP = __________________________

Adenosine diphosphate

slide9

http://www.cat.cc.md.us/~gkaiser/biotutorials/energy/adpan.htmlhttp://www.cat.cc.md.us/~gkaiser/biotutorials/energy/adpan.html

ATP releases energy stored

in a high energy

chemical bond by removing the phosphate and

becoming ADP

ATP→ ____ + ____ +

ADP

slide10

Cells ________ energy by adding the

phosphate back on to ADP to make ATP.

STORE

The energy to do this comes from

____________ like _____________

FOODS

GLUCOSE

It’s like recharging the battery !

ADP+ ___ + ________ → ___

ATP

atp is useful but
ATP is useful BUT . . .

NOT

LARGE

ATP is great for TRANSFERRING ENERGY, but _____ good for storing ________ amounts of energy for the ______________.

A single molecule of GLUCOSE stores more than _________the chemical energy.

Cells only keep enough ATP

around to last a few seconds and

recharge it by burning___________.

LONG TERM

90 times

glucose

http://www.estrellamountain.edu/faculty/farabee/biobk/BioBookCHEM2.html

slide13

http://www.newtonswindow.com/problem-solving.htm

Remember from BIO 1

Example:

GLUCOSE C6H12O6

CARBOHYDRATES containCarbon, Hydrogen, & Oxygen (with a ratio of 1 C: 2 H: 1 O)

Image from: http://www.estrellamountain.edu/faculty/farabee/biobk/BioBookCHEM2.html

monosaccharides single sugar molecules
MONOSACCHARIDESSingle sugar molecules

C6H12O6

C6H12O6

C6H12O6

http://www.estrellamountain.edu/faculty/farabee/biobk/BioBookCHEM2.html

http://217.60.75.10/llt/biokemi/images/galactose.jpg

http://217.60.75.10/llt/biokemi/images/galactose.jpg

http://www.estrellamountain.edu/faculty/farabee/biobk/BioBookCHEM2.html

C5H10O5

carbohydrates supply energy

Remember from BIO 1

CARBOHYDRATES SUPPLY ENERGY

Cells burn GLUCOSE

for their energy needs

Images from: http://www.miranda.com/library.en/Images/Pictures/girls-runners.jpg

http://www.estrellamountain.edu/faculty/farabee/biobk/BioBookCHEM2.html

slide16
CARBOHYDRATES are building blocks

for other molecules

ATP

DNA & RNA

POLYSACCHARIDES

http://www.estrellamountain.edu/faculty/farabee/biobk/BioBookCHEM2.html

ATP by Riedell

http://evolution.berkeley.edu/evosite/evo101/images/dna_bases.gif

http://sps.k12.ar.us/massengale/biochemistry_notes_bi_ch3.htm

slide17

Remember from

BIO 1

Section 2-3

Starch

Glucose

slide18
Molecules made by joining MANY sugar molecules together are called ___________________

POLYSACCHARIDES

EXAMPLES:

Image from: http://bioweb.wku.edu/courses/BIOL115/Wyatt/Biochem/Carbos/Carb_poly.gif

slide19

CARBOHYDRATES SUPPLY ENERGY

GLYCOGEN is

the way

_________ cells store GLUCOSE

to use later.

ANIMAL

Image from: http://www.msu.edu/course/lbs/145/smith/s02/graphics/campbell_5.6.gif

slide20

CARBOHYDRATES SUPPLY ENERGY

STARCH is

the way

_______ cells

store GLUCOSE for later.

PLANT

Images from: http://bioweb.wku.edu/courses/BIOL115/Wyatt/Biochem/Carbos/Carb_poly.gif

http://oregonstate.edu/instruction/bb450/stryer/ch21/Slide24.jpg

south dakota science standards
SOUTH DAKOTA SCIENCE STANDARDS

Chapter 8 - Photosynthesis:

The students will be able to:

  • explain the biochemical processes that a plant uses in photosynthesis
  • explain the role ADP-ATP cycle has within the chloroplast of the cell (9-12.L.1.1)
  • explain the light reaction (9-12.L.1.1)
  • explain the steps of photophosphorylation and the Calvin Cycle (9-12.L.1.1)
south dakota core science standards
SOUTH DAKOTA CORE SCIENCE STANDARDS

LIFE SCIENCE:Indicator 1: Understand the fundamental structures,

functions, classifications, and mechanisms found

in living things

9-12.L.1.1. Students are able to relate cellular functions and processes to specialized structures within cells.

  • Photosynthesis and respiration

ATP-ADP energy cycle Role of enzymes Mitochondria Chloroplasts

south dakota advanced science standards
SOUTH DAKOTA ADVANCED SCIENCE STANDARDS

LIFE SCIENCE:Indicator 1: Understand the fundamental structures,

functions, classifications, and mechanisms found

in living things.

9-12.L.1.1A. Students are able to explain the physical and chemical processes of photosynthesis and cell respiration and their importance to plant and animal life. (SYNTHESIS)

Examples: photosystems, photophosphorylation, Calvin Cycle and Krebs Cycle