Industrial revolution
Download
1 / 41

Industrial Revolution - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 180 Views
  • Uploaded on

Industrial Revolution. Scientific Revolution. The Enlightenment. Agricultural Revolution. Population Explosion. Industrial Revolution. Scientific Revolution. Scientific Method Observation and Experimentation, turned into scientific laws Newton, Copernicus . The Enlightenment.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Industrial Revolution' - emera


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

Industrial revolution

Scientific Revolution

The Enlightenment

Agricultural Revolution

Population Explosion

Industrial Revolution


Scientific revolution
Scientific Revolution

  • Scientific Method

  • Observation and Experimentation, turned into scientific laws

  • Newton, Copernicus


The enlightenment
The Enlightenment

  • Apply scientific ideas to society.

  • John Locke- Natural Rights

  • Life, Liberty, Property

  • Challenge new ideas


Agricultural revolution
Agricultural Revolution

  • Improved methods of farming

  • Combined smaller fields to larger ones

  • Seed drill- Jethro Tull, deposited seeds in rows

  • Enclosure Movement- fencing off land, formerly shared by peasant farmers, replaced strips fields with larger fields

  • Needed fewer people to work them, many farmers unemployed, migrated to cities


Population explosion
Population Explosion

  • Declining death rates

  • Women were able to eat better, became healthier, babies were stronger and lived through childhood

  • Deadly diseases like Bubonic plague faded away

  • Better hygiene and sanitation


Industrial revolution

Capital Supportive Human Demand Natural New

Government Resources Resources Technology

Industrial Revolution

New Inventions Factories Growth of Cities Faster Transportation

and Communication


Industrial revolution

The Factory System Demand Natural New


Urbanization
Urbanization Demand Natural New

  • Movement of people to the cities

  • Towns grew into cities

    Example: Manchester grew from 17,000 in

    the 1750’s to 70,000 by 1800.

  •  The industrial cities were filthy, dark, polluted and eventually became known as overcrowded slums

  • LIFE ROTATED AROUND THE FACTORY


The factory system
The factory System Demand Natural New

  • Factory- Building where many people work with machines to produce goods instead of having them made at home

  • Rigid discipline

  • Rigid schedule-set by factory whistle

  • Long hours (12-16hrs)

  • Workers suffered accidents

  • Air full of coal and lint


Women in factories
Women in Factories Demand Natural New

  • Paid less than men

  • “Easier” to control

    and manage

  • Family life suffered,

    Rise in orphanages


Child labor
Child Labor Demand Natural New

  • Workers as young as 5 years old

  • Little hands and bodies could “squeeze” into small places

  • Children often helped to support their families, while orphans however, worked for food.

  • Kids were mistreated for not doing their work

  • Most children never attended school


Capitalism

Capitalism Demand Natural New


Industrial revolution

  • Capitalism Demand Natural New- is an economic system that is based on private ownership of the means of production and the creation of goods or services for profit.


Adam smith
Adam Smith Demand Natural New

  • Prophet of laissez-faire (government does not interfere with business) economics

  • Believed that a free market- the unregulated exchange of goods and services- would eventually help everyone, not just the rich

  • Free market would produce more goods at lower prices, making them affordable to everyone

  • Businesses follow the law of supply and demand and supply what people want or go bankrupt


Supply and demand
Supply and demand Demand Natural New

  • Investors constantly come up with new products to benefit people and make money

  • Supporters of the free enterprise capitalism pointed to the success of the industrial age, in which government played no part


Views on the poor
Views on the Poor Demand Natural New

  • Thomas Malthus

    • Poor people will have as many children as they can feed, they caused their own suffering

  • David Ricardo

    • Iron law of wages- the poor cause their own suffering


Industrial revolution


Socialism
Socialism the most citizens

  • Founder: Robert Owen

  • Basic Belief: Factories work for the benefit of all people, the people control the means of production

  • Key Ideas:

    • Industries would be run for the benefit of all people (fair pay, no child labor)

    • Wanted governments to intervene to better conditions

    • Later socialists used increased voting and unions to better conditions



Luddites
Luddites the most citizens

  • Luddites- Protestors that destroyed machines in resistance to the Industrial Revolution

    • Believed machines should be destroyed because they took the jobs of working men

      • Everything used to be made by hand


Industrial revolution


Industrial revolution

  • Government response destroying machines that have taken the jobs that people once did

    • Luddites were hanged or sent to penal colonies in Australia

    • "Machine breaking” was subsequently made a capital crime

    • For years workers were forbidden to form labor unions to bargain for better pay and working conditions

    • Strikes were outlawed


Unions
Unions destroying machines that have taken the jobs that people once did

  • Works by having workers negotiate together with the bosses (collective bargaining) or refusing to work (strikes)

  • Goals include better pay, safety, insurance and retirement benefits


Communism

Communism destroying machines that have taken the jobs that people once did


Scientific socialism
Scientific Socialism destroying machines that have taken the jobs that people once did

  • In the 1840’s, Karl Marx a German philosopher developed theory of “Scientific Socialism”

    • Based on a scientific study of history

    • Was forced to leave Germany because of radical ideas and moved to Paris

      • Met fellow socialist Friedrich Engels, whose father owned a textile factory


Communist manifesto
Communist Manifesto destroying machines that have taken the jobs that people once did

  • 1848, Marx and Engels publish a pamphlet, “The Communist Manifesto”

    • Explained the theory of communism- a form of socialism that sees class struggle between employers and employees as inevitable


Marxism
Marxism destroying machines that have taken the jobs that people once did

  • Marx stated that economics was the driving force in history and history was full of class struggles between the “haves” and the “have nots”


Industrial revolution

  • The “haves” have always owned the means of production and thus controlled society and all its wealth

  • In industrialized Europe, the “haves” are the bourgeoisie, or middle class

  • The “have nots” are the proletariat, or working class

    • This modern class struggle will pit the bourgeoisie against the proletariat


Industrial revolution


Impact
Impact take control of the means of production and set up a classless communist society

  • At first ideas had little impact, in time they would have world wide effects

  • Western and Eastern European socialist parties will emerge

  • In early 1900’s, Russian socialists set up a communist “inspired government”


Weakness
Weakness take control of the means of production and set up a classless communist society

  • Many of Marx’s assumptions on which he based his theories were wrong

    • Predicted misery of the proletariat would start a revolution, instead by 1900, the standard of living for the working class improved

    • Predicted workers across the world would unite, instead nationalism won out over working class loyalty

      • Marxism will lose much of its appeal, people begin to feel strong ties to their own countries


How do the smurfs resemble communism
How do the Smurfs resemble Communism? take control of the means of production and set up a classless communist society

  • 1)

  • 2)

  • 3)

  • 4)

  • 5)

  • 6)