Early Buddhism. Late Vedic India & Spiritual Age Beliefs of Buddhism Practices of early Buddhism IDs: Siddhartha Gautama (the Buddha), d. 483bce, nirvana, sangha. Argument.
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IDs: Siddhartha Gautama (the Buddha), d. 483bce, nirvana, sangha
Changes around 500 BCE
Many small states
Rajas (from kshatriya caste)
Growth of towns
Siddhartha Gautama (c. 563 – 483 BCE)
the Buddha (the Enlightened One)
Bodhi tree (bo)
1.Life is full of suffering.
2.Suffering is caused by desires.
3.The only way to rise above suffering is to renounce desire.
4.One can only do this by following Noble Eightfold Path.
rid self of desire & the illusion of separate identity
reach nirvana (contentment and extinction)
By following Noble Eightfold Path
The Buddha’s Footprints
Limestone carving on stupa, India
1st c. BCE
“I go for refuge to the Buddha.
I go for refuge to the Doctrine (dharma).
I go for refuge to the Order (sangha).”