K O R E A N. Mythology. Background/ Introduction. Korean mythology consists of national legends and folk- tales which come from all over the Korean Peninsula. Primitive Age. The prime source of religious life for the Han race is animism.
Korean mythology consists of national legends and folk-
tales which come from all over the Korean Peninsula.
The prime source of religious life for the Han race is animism.
-believe on the existence of gods and human soul.
Korean mythology, three realms are strongly mentioned; Iseung, Yonwangguk and Jeoseung.
The mortal world, a home of:
The undersea kingdom,occupied by the Yongwang, the gods of the ocean;
Gwangdeok of the east
Gwangli of the south
Gwangtaek of the west
Gwangyeon of the north
Ruled by ten Underworld gods, the Yeoldaewang who offer different punishments
Jingangshreds sinners to pieces
Sogan burns sinners in an iron pot
Songye whips sinners and exiles them
Ogan offers the blessed fire to withstand the cold and makes siners pass naked through his icy realm.
Yeomyeo rips the tongues of those who earned money through interest
Bingshin hurls sinners in a pit full of lizards, spiders, and snakes, Taesan grinds the flesh of sinners inside a barn, and
Paengdeung shreds sinners with a saw.
Doshi undresses sinners, hangs them on a tree, and hits them ruthlessly
Yeolsi sends the blessed into the village of Sang, located in Mt.Seokhyo, and sends sinners into a dark realm where there is no light.
Finally, there is said to be a dark realm that has no light. The king of that realm sends his gigantic hounds, the Bulgae, to hunt the sun and the moon and bring them to his realm; however, when the Bulgae bite the sun and the moon, they find that they are too hot/cold and run away to their realm. When the Bulgae bites the sun, it is called a solar eclipse; when they bite the moon, it is a lunar eclipse.
One of the most important things we need to note in this myth is that the underworld controls the death of people. In other words, people will go to the underworld after they die.
The best-known death myth is the ChasaBonpuli myth
The significance of the tiger in Korean culture dates back to the myth of Dangun, in which a bear and tiger want to become human. However, a variety of different fairy tales and folklores have depicted the tiger with different characteristics. They can be scary, violent or bring good luck. Tigers are present and often personified in stories, art and history stories. Korea was once even known as the "Nation of Tigers."
whose name literally means 'King of the Heavens and the Earth
The supreme ruler of the world, father of Daebyeol and Sobyeol.
The mountain god
Supreme King of the Underworld.
The ten Shiwang are his lieutenants
Supreme King of the Mortal World.
Sobyeolrules the mortals, but his power is lesser than Daebyeol's.
Supreme Queen of the Earth.
She is Cheonjiwang's husband, and the mother of Daebyeol and Sobyeol.
The Moon, brother of the sun
The goddess of willow trees, this daughter of the river- god Habaek was desired by the sun god Haemosu.
The god who founded the ancient kingdom of Koguryeo, from which the name Korea was ultimately derived. While Jumong’s mother, the goddess Yuhwa, was hiding with King Keumwa she gave birth to an egg which contained the offspring of the sun god Haemosu.
The founder- god of the ancient Choson kingdom supposedly in 2333 B.C. Tangun was the son of Hwanung, the god of the laws who descended from the heavens to teach humanity how to live and adapt to the world when it was young.
Also called Hallakkungi, this god tended the Flower Garden Of Life And Death. This garden contained flowers that were really the souls of each person on Earth and Igong oversaw the length and quality of each life.
First man and Woman
According to theChangsega,
Mireukparted the world by putting four copper pillars between the earth and the sky. He destroyed each of the two suns and two moons and crafted the stars with the destroyed sun and moon.
Mireukdiscovered fire and water from a mouse after torturing it (as a gift to the mouse, Mireuk gave it the barns of the world), and made the first clothes from a kudzu vine. He created humans from five golden bugs(grew into male humans) and five silver bugs(grew into woman).
~TheSirumal and the CheonjiwangBonpuli share a similar plot, but the story of the CheonjiwangBonpuli is much more vibrant then the Sirumal~
NamuDaryeong,son of laurell tree spirit who first save the colony of ants from the
flood then a swarm of mosquitoes, until he
had saved all the animals of the world. He
also saved a young human boy.
After the flood, namuDoryeong met a crone and her two daughters on Mt. Baekdu.
Tangun was the son of a bear(prayed together with the tiger to become a human) and Hwan-ung (son of Hwan-in who hears the prayer of the bear and became her husband).
스테파니세자르 Stefanie Cesar
장앤Ochea Jean Ann Ochea
엘마 Dagohoy Alma Dagohoy
샤론 그레이스 아길라 Sharon Grace Aguilar
아린 Palban Arlene Palban