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K O R E A N. Mythology. Background/ Introduction. Korean mythology consists of national legends and folk- tales which come from all over the Korean Peninsula. Primitive Age. The prime source of religious life for the Han race is animism.

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slide1

K

O

R

E

A

N

Mythology

slide2

Background/

Introduction

Korean mythology consists of national legends and folk-

tales which come from all over the Korean Peninsula.

slide3

Primitive Age

The prime source of religious life for the Han race is animism.

Shinkyo Belief

-believe on the existence of gods and human soul.

slide4

4-5th century

  • The country was divided by the Three Kingdoms of Kokuryo, Baekje, and Sila.
  • During the Koryo Dynasty; Shinkyo survived through shadows of the powerful buddhism with a great potentiality.
  • During the Chosun Dynasty, Shamanism flourished.
slide5

1970’s

  • Shamanism was deemed to be superstition.
  • Mythology has made a comeback.

200’s

slide6

II. Concepts

Korean mythology, three realms are strongly mentioned; Iseung, Yonwangguk and Jeoseung.

UNIVERSE

iseung
Iseung]

The mortal world, a home of:

  • Gashin(household gods)
  • Bonhyangshin(village gods)
  • Josangshin(ancestral deities)
  • Sanshin(mountain gods)
  • Evil Spirits(Gwishin)
  • Mongdal(Spirits of unmarried man)
  • Songaxi(spirits of unmarried woman)
  • Dokkaebi(trickster spirits of old tools)
  • Chasa(envoy gods)
  • -JeoseungChasa(reapers of the dead)
  • -OkhwangChasa
  • Choribdongi –occasionally crossed over from the sea
yongwangguk
Yongwangguk

The undersea kingdom,occupied by the Yongwang, the gods of the ocean;

Gwangdeok of the east

Gwangli of the south

Gwangtaek of the west

Gwangyeon of the north

jeoseung
Jeoseung

Ruled by ten Underworld gods, the Yeoldaewang who offer different punishments

Jingangshreds sinners to pieces

Sogan burns sinners in an iron pot

Songye whips sinners and exiles them

Ogan offers the blessed fire to withstand the cold and makes siners pass naked through his icy realm.

Yeomyeo rips the tongues of those who earned money through interest

slide10

Bingshin  hurls sinners in a pit full of lizards, spiders, and snakes, Taesan grinds the flesh of sinners inside a barn, and

Paengdeung shreds sinners with a saw. 

Doshi undresses sinners, hangs them on a tree, and hits them ruthlessly

Yeolsi sends the blessed into the village of Sang, located in Mt.Seokhyo, and sends sinners into a dark realm where there is no light.

Finally, there is said to be a dark realm that has no light. The king of that realm sends his gigantic hounds, the Bulgae, to hunt the sun and the moon and bring them to his realm; however, when the Bulgae bite the sun and the moon, they find that they are too hot/cold and run away to their realm. When the Bulgae bites the sun, it is called a solar eclipse; when they bite the moon, it is a lunar eclipse.

slide11

Death

One of the most important things we need to note in this myth is that the underworld controls the death of people. In other words, people will go to the underworld after they die.

The best-known death myth is the ChasaBonpuli myth

slide12

Sacred Animal

The significance of the tiger in Korean culture dates back to the myth of Dangun, in which a bear and tiger want to become human. However, a variety of different fairy tales and folklores have depicted the tiger with different characteristics. They can be scary, violent or bring good luck. Tigers are present and often personified in stories, art and history stories. Korea was once even known as the "Nation of Tigers."

slide14

Cheonjiwang

whose name literally means 'King of the Heavens and the Earth

The supreme ruler of the world, father of Daebyeol and Sobyeol.

slide15

Sanshin

The mountain god

slide16

Daebyeol

Supreme King of the Underworld.

The ten Shiwang are his lieutenants

Supreme King of the Mortal World.

Sobyeolrules the mortals, but his power is lesser than Daebyeol's.

Sobyeol

yongwang
Yongwang
  • The five dragon kings of the seas but not necessarily a dragon,usually an old human.
slide18

Queen Baji

Supreme Queen of the Earth.

She is Cheonjiwang's husband, and the mother of Daebyeol and Sobyeol.

The Moon, brother of the sun

Dae(soon)-nim

slide19

YUHWA

The goddess of willow trees, this daughter of the river- god Habaek was desired by the sun god Haemosu.

slide20

JUMONG

The god who founded the ancient kingdom of Koguryeo, from which the name Korea was ultimately derived. While Jumong’s mother, the goddess Yuhwa, was hiding with King Keumwa she gave birth to an egg which contained the offspring of the sun god Haemosu.  

slide21

TANGUN

The founder- god of the ancient Choson kingdom supposedly in 2333 B.C. Tangun was the son of Hwanung, the god of the laws who descended from the heavens to teach humanity how to live and adapt to the world when it was young. 

slide22

Also called Hallakkungi, this god tended the Flower Garden Of Life And Death. This garden contained flowers that were really the souls of each person on Earth and Igong oversaw the length and quality of each life.

 IGONG

slide23

IV. Stories

Creation Myth

Flood myth

First man and Woman

slide24

Creation Myth

According to theChangsega,

Mireukparted the world by putting four copper pillars between the earth and the sky. He destroyed each of the two suns and two moons and crafted the stars with the destroyed sun and moon.

slide25

Mireukdiscovered fire and water from a mouse after torturing it (as a gift to the mouse, Mireuk gave it the barns of the world), and made the first clothes from a kudzu vine. He created humans from five golden bugs(grew into male humans) and five silver bugs(grew into woman).

slide26

~TheSirumal and the CheonjiwangBonpuli share a similar plot, but the story of the CheonjiwangBonpuli is much more vibrant then the Sirumal~

slide27

Flood myth

NamuDaryeong myth

NamuDaryeong,son of laurell tree spirit who first save the colony of ants from the

flood then a swarm of mosquitoes, until he

had saved all the animals of the world. He

also saved a young human boy.

After the flood, namuDoryeong met a crone and her two daughters on Mt. Baekdu.

slide28

First man and Woman

Tangun was the son of a bear(prayed together with the tiger to become a human) and Hwan-ung (son of Hwan-in who hears the prayer of the bear and became her husband).

slide29

End

Presented by:

제공 :

스테파니세자르 Stefanie Cesar

장앤Ochea Jean Ann Ochea

ChenieCalumbaChenieCalumba

엘마 Dagohoy Alma Dagohoy

샤론 그레이스 아길라 Sharon Grace Aguilar

아린 Palban Arlene Palban