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Age of Exploration 1400s to 1700s. Motives. Search for new trade routes wanted to find a quicker way to Asia Desire for new products Crusades and travels of Marco Polo stimulated an interest in Asian goods

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Age of Exploration 1400s to 1700s


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motives
Motives
  • Search for new trade routes wanted to find a quicker way to Asia
  • Desire for new products Crusades and travels of Marco Polo stimulated an interest in Asian goods
  • Technology improved that allowed overseas exploration; gunpowder allowed Europeans to dominate
  • Religion Christian rulers wanted to spread religion
effects
Effects
  • Native American civilizations destroyed
  • European diseases killed millions of Native Americans
  • European powers built extensive overseas empires
  • Large numbers of Europeans moved to Americas
  • Native American crops (corn, potato, tomato) brought to Europe [Colombian Exchange]
  • Demand for African slaves increased
  • Capitalism expanded with growth of trade
  • Cultural exchanges occurred [cultural diffusion]
christopher columbus
Christopher Columbus
  • Accidentally found America while looking for a westward route to Asia
  • His voyages considered a turning point in history
vasco da gama
Vasco da Gama
  • Discovered an all-water route from Europe to India
ferdinand magellan
Ferdinand Magellan
  • First person credited with circumnavigating the world
hernando cortes
Hernando Cortes
  • Conquered the Aztec Empire in Mexico in 1519
francisco pizarro
Francisco Pizarro
  • Conquered the Inca Empire in Peru in 1833
marco polo
Marco Polo
  • Traveled to China [court of Kublai Khan] and brought back stories and goods to Europe
causes
Causes
  • Europeans wanted cheap labor for work in the Americas
    • Due to the demands of the agricultural economies of the New World
    • The native peoples of America did not survive the labor
effects12
Effects
  • Encouraged African warfare
    • tribes went to war with other tribes to obtain slaves to trade for guns
  • Disrupted African culture
    • it created a legacy of violence, bitterness and social upheaval
  • Increased cultural diffusion
    • Slaves brought their songs and culture to New World
  • Prejudice against Africans
imperialism
Imperialism
  • Domination by one country over the political, economic, or cultural life of another country or region
some examples
Some Examples
  • Spanish control of Latin America [old imperialism]
  • British control of India
  • Berlin Conference to divide Africa
  • Japanese control of Manchuria
positive effects
Positive Effects
  • Built roads, railroads, and bridges
  • Education improved
  • Improved medical care
  • Food supply increased
  • Brought stability and unification to some areas
  • Created industries, improved standard of living
negative effects
Negative Effects
  • People with common backgrounds separated
  • Natural resources exploited
  • Native cultures damaged
    • Promoted racism
  • Economic self-sufficiency lost
    • Destroyed traditional patterns of trade
  • Cash crop overemphasized
  • Family life disrupted
    • Introduced Western vices and diseases