Age of Exploration 1400s to 1700s - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Age of Exploration 1400s to 1700s

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  1. Age of Exploration1400s to 1700s

  2. Motives • Search for new trade routes wanted to find a quicker way to Asia • Desire for new products Crusades and travels of Marco Polo stimulated an interest in Asian goods • Technology improved that allowed overseas exploration; gunpowder allowed Europeans to dominate • Religion Christian rulers wanted to spread religion

  3. Effects • Native American civilizations destroyed • European diseases killed millions of Native Americans • European powers built extensive overseas empires • Large numbers of Europeans moved to Americas • Native American crops (corn, potato, tomato) brought to Europe [Colombian Exchange] • Demand for African slaves increased • Capitalism expanded with growth of trade • Cultural exchanges occurred [cultural diffusion]

  4. Christopher Columbus • Accidentally found America while looking for a westward route to Asia • His voyages considered a turning point in history

  5. Vasco da Gama • Discovered an all-water route from Europe to India

  6. Ferdinand Magellan • First person credited with circumnavigating the world

  7. Hernando Cortes • Conquered the Aztec Empire in Mexico in 1519

  8. Francisco Pizarro • Conquered the Inca Empire in Peru in 1833

  9. Marco Polo • Traveled to China [court of Kublai Khan] and brought back stories and goods to Europe

  10. Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade1500s to 1800s

  11. Causes • Europeans wanted cheap labor for work in the Americas • Due to the demands of the agricultural economies of the New World • The native peoples of America did not survive the labor

  12. Effects • Encouraged African warfare • tribes went to war with other tribes to obtain slaves to trade for guns • Disrupted African culture • it created a legacy of violence, bitterness and social upheaval • Increased cultural diffusion • Slaves brought their songs and culture to New World • Prejudice against Africans

  13. Imperialism • Domination by one country over the political, economic, or cultural life of another country or region

  14. Causes

  15. Some Examples • Spanish control of Latin America [old imperialism] • British control of India • Berlin Conference to divide Africa • Japanese control of Manchuria

  16. Positive Effects • Built roads, railroads, and bridges • Education improved • Improved medical care • Food supply increased • Brought stability and unification to some areas • Created industries, improved standard of living

  17. Negative Effects • People with common backgrounds separated • Natural resources exploited • Native cultures damaged • Promoted racism • Economic self-sufficiency lost • Destroyed traditional patterns of trade • Cash crop overemphasized • Family life disrupted • Introduced Western vices and diseases