SOCIAL STUDIES Week Four Fifth Grade
What were four new technologies that most greatly affected the daily lives of Americans during the 1920’s?
1. Automobiles • 2. Airplanes • 3. Radios • 4. Movies
1. It prompted many people to leave the South for job opportunities in factories. • 2. The Harlem Renaissance
What were three cultural contributions made by African Americans during the Harlem Renaissance?
1. Writing • 2. Art • 3. Music
Who were three of the targets of ethnic and racial conflict during the 1920’s?
1. African Americans • 2. Catholics • 3. Jews
What law caused the rise of speakeasies, bootleg liquor, and crime in the 1930’s?
The 18th Amendment to the Constitution, or “Prohibition” as it was commonly known
What marked the end of the economic boom of the 1920’s and the start of the Great Depression?
1. The Stock Market Crash of 1029 • 2. Economic weakness of the U.S. • 3. High unemployment rates • 4. Failed banks and businesses
What effect did the Great Depression have on African Americans and why?
They migrated from rural Southern areas in the early 1900’s to combat the depressed economy and prejudice in the south.
What were the shantytowns of the Great Depression called and who were they named for?
They were called Hoovervilles and names for President Herbert Hoover.
Why were so many people in America forced to migrate from their homes to other parts of the country during the Great Depression?
What were the three goals that President Franklin Roosevelt’s New Dealfocused on?
1. Relief • 2. Recovery • 3. Reform
What was the relief/recovery program designed to provide young men in search of work the opportunity to build parks and plant trees, thus putting money into the economy to help businesses to recover?
What was the reform program that attempted to reform the economic system and prevent the conditions that caused the Great Depression?
What program was designed to ensure that the disabled and the elderly would have some income and that the unemployed were protected against lay-offs?
What are two of the New Deal programs that continue to play a role in America today?
1. Social Security • 2. Federal Deposit Insurance Corp.
Who was the German dictator that used military aggression against the rest of Europe to secure his goals?
What was the alliance formed by the dictators in Germany, Italy, and Japan called during World War II?
Who were the key leaders of the U.S., Great Britain, France, and the Soviet Union during World War II?
U.S.-Roosevelt • Great Britain-Winston Churchhill • France-Charles de Gaulle • Soviet Union-Josef Stalin
What did the U.S., Great Britain, and the Soviet Union join together during World War II to become?
What were three strategies used by the Allied Powers in the European Theater of World War II?
1. The invasion of North Africa • 2. The invasion of Italy • 3. The invasion of Normandy, France
What was the purpose of the “island-hopping” strategy in the Pacific Theater of World War II?
To get within range of the gas tank capacity of American bombers and ultimately invade the Japanese home islands
What led to the surrender of the Japanese and brought about the end of World War II?
Women took a more active role in their communities and the workforce. When the war ended, many were not satisfied to go back to homemaking.
Many African Americans moved west to work in wartime industries, served in the military in segregated units, and often did dirty and dangerous jobs while treated poorly by whites.
What caused Japanese-Americans to find themselves in internment camps during World War II? Describe the internment process: