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  1. SOCIAL STUDIES Week Four Fifth Grade

  2. What were four new technologies that most greatly affected the daily lives of Americans during the 1920’s?

  3. 1. Automobiles • 2. Airplanes • 3. Radios • 4. Movies

  4. What were two results of The Great Migration?

  5. 1. It prompted many people to leave the South for job opportunities in factories. • 2. The Harlem Renaissance

  6. What were three cultural contributions made by African Americans during the Harlem Renaissance?

  7. 1. Writing • 2. Art • 3. Music

  8. Who were three of the targets of ethnic and racial conflict during the 1920’s?

  9. 1. African Americans • 2. Catholics • 3. Jews

  10. What law caused the rise of speakeasies, bootleg liquor, and crime in the 1930’s?

  11. The 18th Amendment to the Constitution, or “Prohibition” as it was commonly known

  12. What marked the end of the economic boom of the 1920’s and the start of the Great Depression?

  13. The Stock Market Crash of 1929

  14. What were four major factors that contributed to the Great Depression?

  15. 1. The Stock Market Crash of 1029 • 2. Economic weakness of the U.S. • 3. High unemployment rates • 4. Failed banks and businesses

  16. What effect did the Great Depression have on African Americans and why?

  17. They migrated from rural Southern areas in the early 1900’s to combat the depressed economy and prejudice in the south.

  18. What were the shantytowns of the Great Depression called and who were they named for?

  19. They were called Hoovervilles and names for President Herbert Hoover.

  20. Why were so many people in America forced to migrate from their homes to other parts of the country during the Great Depression?

  21. They were in search of work.

  22. What were the three goals that President Franklin Roosevelt’s New Dealfocused on?

  23. 1. Relief • 2. Recovery • 3. Reform

  24. What was the relief/recovery program designed to provide young men in search of work the opportunity to build parks and plant trees, thus putting money into the economy to help businesses to recover?

  25. The Civilian Conservation Corp (CCC)

  26. What was the reform program that attempted to reform the economic system and prevent the conditions that caused the Great Depression?

  27. The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)

  28. What program was designed to ensure that the disabled and the elderly would have some income and that the unemployed were protected against lay-offs?

  29. Social Security Administration

  30. What are two of the New Deal programs that continue to play a role in America today?

  31. 1. Social Security • 2. Federal Deposit Insurance Corp.

  32. Who was the German dictator that used military aggression against the rest of Europe to secure his goals?

  33. Adolf Hitler

  34. What was the alliance formed by the dictators in Germany, Italy, and Japan called during World War II?

  35. The Axis Powers

  36. Who were the key leaders of the U.S., Great Britain, France, and the Soviet Union during World War II?

  37. U.S.-Roosevelt • Great Britain-Winston Churchhill • France-Charles de Gaulle • Soviet Union-Josef Stalin

  38. What did the U.S., Great Britain, and the Soviet Union join together during World War II to become?

  39. The Allied Powers or the Allies

  40. What were three strategies used by the Allied Powers in the European Theater of World War II?

  41. 1. The invasion of North Africa • 2. The invasion of Italy • 3. The invasion of Normandy, France

  42. What was the purpose of the “island-hopping” strategy in the Pacific Theater of World War II?

  43. To get within range of the gas tank capacity of American bombers and ultimately invade the Japanese home islands

  44. What led to the surrender of the Japanese and brought about the end of World War II?

  45. The U.S. dropped two atomic bombs, one on Hiroshima and one on Nagasaki.

  46. What laid the foundation for the Women’s Movement of the 1960’s?

  47. Women took a more active role in their communities and the workforce. When the war ended, many were not satisfied to go back to homemaking.

  48. What were the roles of African Americans during World War II?

  49. Many African Americans moved west to work in wartime industries, served in the military in segregated units, and often did dirty and dangerous jobs while treated poorly by whites.

  50. What caused Japanese-Americans to find themselves in internment camps during World War II? Describe the internment process: