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Chapter 2. Origins of American Government. Chapter 2 Section 1. Our Political Beginnings Objective I: Identify the three basic concepts of government that influenced government in the English colonies.

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chapter 2

Chapter 2

Origins of American Government

chapter 2 section 1
Chapter 2 Section 1
  • Our Political Beginnings

Objective I:

Identify the three basic concepts of government that influenced government in the English colonies.

slide3
I. Identify the three basic concepts of government that influenced government in the English colonies.
  • A. Ordered Government
  • B. Limited Government
  • C. Representative Government
chapter 2 section 11
Chapter 2 Section 1
  • Our Political Beginnings

Objective II:

Explain the significance of the following landmark English documents.

ii explain the significance of the following landmark english documents
II. Explain the significance of the following landmark English documents.
  • A. Magna Carta
    • 1) King John, Runnymede
    • 2) Life, liberty, property
    • 3) Trial by jury, due process
    • 4) Monarchy not absolute
ii explain the significance of the following landmark english documents1
II. Explain the significance of the following landmark English documents.
  • B. Petition of Right
    • 1) Introduced by Parliament
    • 2) Limited the King’s Power
      • a) no imprisonment without trial by jury
      • b) could not impose martial law
      • c) no sheltering of troops
      • d) no tax without Parliament consent
ii explain the significance of the following landmark english documents2
II. Explain the significance of the following landmark English documents.
  • C. English Bill of Rights
    • 1) Prevent future abuse of power
    • 2) Prohibited
      • a) standing army in peacetime
      • b) unfair trials
      • c) excessive bail
      • d) cruel and unusual punishment
chapter 2 section 12
Chapter 2 Section 1
  • Our Political Beginnings

Objective III:

Describe the three types of colonies that the English established in North America.

iii describe the three types of colonies that the english established in north america
III. Describe the three types of colonies that the English established in North America.
  • A. Reasons for the colonies
    • 1) refugee from England’s laws
    • 2) personal and religious freedom
    • 3) commercial ventures
  • B. Charter
iii describe the three types of colonies that the english established in north america1
III. Describe the three types of colonies that the English established in North America.
  • C. Royal Colonies
    • 1) King named a governor and council
    • 2) Tax and spend
    • 3) Bicameral – two house legislature
iii describe the three types of colonies that the english established in north america2
III. Describe the three types of colonies that the English established in North America.
  • D. Proprietary Colonies
    • 1) Proprietor
    • 2) Unicameral – one house legislature
    • 3) Maryland, Pennsylvania, Delaware
iii describe the three types of colonies that the english established in north america3
III. Describe the three types of colonies that the English established in North America.
  • E. Charter Colonies
    • 1) Bicameral
    • 2) Very liberal
    • 3) Connecticut and Rhode Island
chapter 2 section 2
Chapter 2 Section 2
  • The Coming of Independence

Objective I:

Explain how Britain’s colonial policies contributed to the growth of self-government in the colonies.

slide16
I. Explain how Britain’s colonial policies contributed to the growth of self-government in the colonies.
  • A. Self government was possible in the colonies due to the great distance between North America and England.
chapter 2 section 21
Chapter 2 Section 2
  • The Coming of Independence

Objective II:

Identify some of the steps that led to growing feeling of colonial unity.

ii identify some of the steps that led to growing feeling of colonial unity
II. Identify some of the steps that led to growing feeling of colonial unity.
  • A. Early Attempts
    • 1) Confederation – common purpose
    • 2) League of Friendship
  • B. The Albany Plan
    • 1) Ben Franklin – trade and protection
    • 2) Delegate – representative
    • 3) Colonies did not accept the plan
ii identify some of the steps that led to growing feeling of colonial unity1
II. Identify some of the steps that led to growing feeling of colonial unity.
  • C. The Stamp Act Congress
    • 1) Taxation without representation
    • 2) Boycott – refusal to buy or sell certain

products or services

chapter 2 section 22
Chapter 2 Section 2
  • The Coming of Independence

Objective III:

Compare the outcomes of the First and Second Continental Congresses.

iii compare the outcomes of the first and second continental congresses
III. Compare the outcomes of the First and Second Continental Congresses.
  • A. The First and Second Continental Congress
    • 1) Parliament passed the Intolerable Acts
    • 2) Colonies sent King George III a declaration of rights
    • 3) Repealed – withdrawn or cancelled
iii compare the outcomes of the first and second continental congresses1
III. Compare the outcomes of the First and Second Continental Congresses.
  • B. The Second Continental Congress
    • 1) Representative from each of the 13 colonies were present.
    • 2) FIRST NATIONAL GOVERNMENT OF THE UNITED STATES.
chapter 2 section 23
Chapter 2 Section 2
  • The Coming of Independence

Objective IV:

Analyze the ideas in the Declaration of Independence.

iv analyze the ideas in the declaration of independence
IV. Analyze the ideas in the Declaration of Independence.
  • A. The Declaration of Independence
    • 1) Largely the work of Thomas Jefferson
    • 2) Listed “self-evident” truths
        • a) All men are created equal
        • b) Under certain circumstances people have a right to rebel against their government.
        • c) Safety and happiness
chapter 2 section 24
Chapter 2 Section 2
  • The Coming of Independence

Objective V:

Describe the drafting of the first State constitutions and summarize the constitutions’ common features.

slide26
V. Describe the drafting of the first State constitutions and summarize the constitutions’ common features.
  • A. Drafting State Constitutions
    • 1) Principles, structures, and process
    • 2) Conventions – draft and adopt
  • B. Common Features
    • 1)Popular Sovereignty
    • 2) State governors – little real power
    • 3) State legislature – most authority
    • 4) Elective terms were short
slide27

Common Features of State Constitutions

Popular Sovereignty

Limited Government

Civil Rights and Liberties

Separation of Powers and Checks and Balances

The principle of popular sovereignty was the basis for every new State constitution. That principle says that government can exist and function only with the consent of the governed. The people hold power and the people are sovereign.

The concept of limited government was a major feature of each State constitution. The powers delegated to government were granted reluctantly and hedged with many restrictions.

In every State it was made clear that the sovereign people held certain rights that the government must respect at all times. Seven of the new constitutions contained a bill of rights, setting out the “unalienable rights” held by the people.

The powers granted to the new State governments were purposely divided among three branches: executive, legislative, and judicial. Each branch was given powers with which to check (restrain the actions of) the other branches of the government.

chapter 2 section 4
Chapter 2 Section 4
  • Creating the Constitution

Objective I:

Identify the Framers of the Constitution and discuss how the delegates organized the proceedings at the Philadelphia Convention.

slide31
I. Identify the Framers of the Constitution and discuss how the delegates organized the proceedings at the Philadelphia Convention.
  • A. Framers of the Constitution
    • 1) Group of delegates who attended the Philadelphia Convention in 1787.
  • B. Organization and Procedures
    • 1) Rule of secrecy
    • 2) Write a new constitution instead of revising the Articles of Confederation.
chapter 2 section 41
Chapter 2 Section 4
  • Creating the Constitution

Objective II:

Compare and contrast the Virginia Plan and the New Jersey Plan for a new constitution.

ii compare and contrast the virginia plan and the new jersey plan for a new constitution
II. Compare and contrast the Virginia Plan and the New Jersey Plan for a new constitution.
  • A. Virginia Plan
    • 1) James Madison’s Plan
    • 2) National Government with greatly expanded powers
  • B. New Jersey Plan
    • 1) William Patterson’s Plan
    • 2) National Government that greatly resembled the Articles of Confederation.
ii compare and contrast the virginia plan and the new jersey plan for a new constitution1
II. Compare and contrast the Virginia Plan and the New Jersey Plan for a new constitution.
  • C. Compare
    • 1) Both plans called for a federal executive branch
  • D. Contrast
    • 1) They were different in how the States would be represented in Congress.
chapter 2 section 42
Chapter 2 Section 4
  • Creating the Constitution

Objective III:

Summarize the major compromises that the delegates agreed to make and the effects of those compromises.

slide36
III. Summarize the major compromises that the delegates agreed to make and the effects of those compromises.
  • A. The Connecticut Compromise
    • 1) A combo of the Virginia and New Jersey Plans
  • B. The Three-Fifths Compromise
    • 1) A plan to satisfy Southerners’ desire to inflate the population of their States
slide37
III. Summarize the major compromises that the delegates agreed to make and the effects of those compromises.
  • C. The Commerce and Slave Trade Compromise
    • 1) A plan to satisfy Southern fears that the Federal Government might be funded through export duties.
  • D. “Bundle of Compromises”
    • 1) Popular sovereignty, separation of powers, and checks and balances
chapter 2 section 43
Chapter 2 Section 4
  • Creating the Constitution

Objective IV:

Identify some of the sources from which the Framers of the Constitution drew inspiration.

iv identify some of the sources from which the framers of the constitution drew inspiration
IV. Identify some of the sources from which the Framers of the Constitution drew inspiration.
  • A. Sources of the Constitution
    • 1) Political writings of John Locke
    • 2) British tradition
    • 3) Colonial experiences
chapter 2 section 44
Chapter 2 Section 4
  • Creating the Constitution

Objective V:

Describe the delegates’ reactions to the Constitution as they completed their work.

v describe the delegates reactions to the constitution as they completed their work
V. Describe the delegates’ reactions to the Constitution as they completed their work.
  • A. Constitution is completed.
    • 1) Benjamin Franklin felt the constitution was:
      • a) imperfect
      • b) none better could be framed