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THEORETICAL PERSPECTIVES . Functionalism . maintaining the status quo—mainstream—dominant group—wealth, privileges, power, prestige Conservative orientation—cultural determinist—individual achievement. Social Theorists .

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THEORETICAL PERSPECTIVES


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functionalism
Functionalism
  • maintaining the status quo—mainstream—dominant group—wealth, privileges, power, prestige
  • Conservative orientation—cultural determinist—individual achievement
social theorists
Social Theorists
  • French:August Comte—coined the word “Sociology”David Emile Durkheim—brainchild of modern sociology
  • Americans: Talcott Parsons—Harvard SchoolRobert Merton—critique of functionalism—dysfunctions: two concepts: 1. Manifest--intended and 2. Latent--unintended
conflict
Conflict
  • Germans:Karl Marx—class divisions—working class and capitalist class—timeless Dominant group v. subordinate group (people of color)—power dimension Power is Aphrodisiac (economic determinism)—race and genderMax Weber—multi-dimensional view: social, political and economic
slide5
American:C. Wright Mills—Sociological imagination—macro perspective
  • The classical theories—ethnocentricClass—race—gender
labeling theory
Labeling theory
  • Stereotypes
  • Racial profiling
  • Middle Range theory
  • Social theorist--Howard Becker
symbolic interactionism
Symbolic Interactionism
  • Chicago school—micro-sociologyAmericans:George Herbert MeadRobert ParkHerbert Blumer—coined S.I.
middle range theories specific
Middle range theories--specific
  • Phenomenology, i.e., “what people think”—Alfred Schutz
  • Ethnomethodology, i.e., “what people do”—Harold Garfinkel
  • More homocentric
exchange social exchanges
Exchange –social exchanges
  • Americans:George Homans—rewards, i.e., intrinsic (intangibles) e.g. recognition, satisfaction, etc and extrinsic (tangibles) e.g. pay--$1 to .82 cents
  • Peter Blau—social exchanges—marriages, e.g., wedding rings
evolutionary social change
Evolutionary: social change
  • Mankato: from1980s to 2002—racial diversity
  • August Comte--French
  • Herbert Spenser—English
  • Talcott Parsons—American
  • Gerhard Lenski—American