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Aim: How did the economic and political situation in Italy lay the groundwork for the Renaissance?. September 25, 2012. Economic Growth (1100s-1400s). Italian city-states dominate long-distance trade (Venice, Milan, Genoa).

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aim how did the economic and political situation in italy lay the groundwork for the renaissance

Aim: How did the economic and political situation in Italy lay the groundwork for the Renaissance?

September 25, 2012

economic growth 1100s 1400s
Economic Growth (1100s-1400s)
  • Italian city-states dominate long-distance trade (Venice, Milan, Genoa).
  • Florence establishes wealth through control of papal banking and the wool industry.
political developments domestic
Political Developments (domestic)
  • City-states remained standing during the Middle Ages (less severe invasions). Had a head start and bought their freedom from the nobles quickly.
  • Italian nobles are tremendously interested in the cities (why?) Marry into commercial families to form a new urban nobility.
  • Reaction of the popolo to the urban nobility (1200s).
political developments foreign policy
Political Developments (foreign policy)
  • Five dominant city-states. By 1300, their governments were oligarchies.
    • Venice
    • Milan – Ruled by the Sforza family
    • Florence – Ruled by the Medici banking family (1434-1492)
    • Papal States – Ruled by Pope Alexander VI (1492-1503) and his son Cesare Borgia.
    • Naples

Is centralization possible in this kind of political framework?

How did these city-states maintain a balance of power?

Why do you think that these will be the places where the Renaissance begins?

political developments foreign policy1
Political Developments (foreign policy)
  • Lack of centralization makes the city-states weak
  • The French under Charles VIII invade Italy in 1494, succeed in taking Rome, Florence, Naples.
  • Pope Leo X (1513-1521) forms an alliance with Spain and the Holy Roman Empire to drive France out of Italy.
  • France returns to Italy in 1522 to fight it out with Holy Roman Emperor Charles V (Hapsburg-Valois wars)