So, what exactly is stress? • The Process by which we perceive and respond to certain events that we see as threatening or challenging. • Stressors are the events!
What stresses you out • Write down certain things that stress you out!!! • Write at least five sentences if in paragraph form, or you can bullet your stressors.
Where is the stress in this situation? • Some would say that neither the date or the zit is the stress…. • The date would be the stressor (the event we see as threatening or challenging), and the pimple would be the stress reaction… • All though the pimple could be seen as the stressor as well..
Health Psychology • A subfield of psychology • Focuses attention on how stress affects our well-being and our health • How are stress and illness related? • How do our perceptions of stress affect our health? • Can we control our reactions to stress? • What behaviors and attitudes help prevent health problems?
Responding to Stress… • Threat: (negative) “I’ll never be able to fix this!!!! I can’t, I can’t, I can’t!” • Freeze up, panic • Challenge: (Positive) “Hmmmm…. How can I fix this? What options do I have?” A, B, or C? • Focused, more likely to overcome the obstacle.
How do you deal with stress? • Write in paragraph form…. Or you can bullet… how you personally deal with stress… how do you respond?
How Ms. Brady Responds to Stress • I have to admit…. I think of stressors as a Threat! • I don’t: • Eat • Sleep • Speak to some people unless I have to • Panic • Clean • Cook (cooking is therapeutic for me) • Sometimes Lock myself in a room until I’m not “stressed.” (if I’m home for a few days….) • Pretend it does not exist (the situation) • Terrible Right?!?!?!?
Pop Quiz • Okay guys, we’re having a pop quiz over the video from the other day…. Get out a sheet of paper
Just Kidding • Did that stress you out?!? • What physiological responses occurred when I said that?!?
Psychologist: Walter Cannon • Emotional and physiological experiences occur simultaneously. • Different situations release stress related hormones into the nervous system. • Stress Response in the Nervous System: • Dulls pain sensation • Increases blood flow to larger muscles. • Why? To prepare you to either take action or to flee from it….. FIGHT or FLIGHT!
Hans Selye • Mr. GAS • Founded the General Adaptation Syndrome • Body’s response to stress is three stages-alarm, resistance, and exhaustion • Researched: Recurring responses to stress • Studied stress in animals with many chemicals and substances (electric shock)
G.A.S. • Step 1: Alarm Reaction: Nervous system is activated following an emotional or physical trauma. • Side effects: heart pumping faster, body mobilizes to take on the challenges. • Step 2: Resistance: Outpourings of stress-related hormones. • Side Effects: keeps your respiration, temperature, and blood pressure high. • Step 3: Exhaustion: After you’ve been exposed to stress for an extended period of time. • Side Effects: Greater susceptibility to illness…. EXTREME circumstances is death.
Daily, Significant Life Changes, and Catastrophes… Stressful Events
Examples of Daily Stressors • Running Late for a meeting • Being behind in school work for the day • Forgetting your homework • You can’t get into your locker • You locked yourself out of your house • You forgot an umbrella • Misplaced your cash • Misplaced your plane ticket….
Daily Stress • Typical daily demands, economic hassles, living situations. • Combine small daily hassles over time and your health will suffer. • What is burnout? • Physical, emotional, and mental exhaustion brought on by persistent job-related stress. • How have you experienced burnout?
Ms. Brady and her burnout • Gainesville State-Summer of 2007 • I graduated high school in late May 2006…. I started college three days after. • I took two summer courses • I took 15 hours in Fall and Spring I then took 12 hours during that summer…
What are the results of burnout • Depression (from the emotional exhaustion) • Decreased performance or productivity (from the physical exhaustion) • Cynicism (from the mental exhaustion)
Significant Life Changes • Personal Life Changes • Divorce • Death • Moving • New job • Leaving home to be out on your own (something some of you will experience soon) • How can this affect your health?
Examples of health issues • Those who have been recently fired, widowed, or divorced have a greater vulnerability to disease. • The likelihood of death in widowed people doubles in the week after their partner’s death.
Catastrophes • Earthquakes • Floods • Wars • Unpredictable, life threatening events • Los Angeles in 1994 (five times the normal number of sudden-death heart attacks were reported, but only 13% were the result of running, lifting debris, or some other form of physical exertion…. The remainder was said to be from stress) • Catastrophes mean prolonged exposure to stress.. • Prolonged exposure can lead to psychological and physical problems.
Perceived Control • Sense of control or influence one has over stressful events in their life. • Studies suggest and show: • Lower Perceived control, the higher the potential for health-related problems, the lower your immunity system!
Is the glass half full or half empty? You guys decided
Optimism • You are the type of person who has a general positive outlook on the present and the future… • “He’ll get better!” It’s only a matter of time • Things will shape up…. • Tend to have a stronger immune system than pessimists and recover quicker from health issues.
Stress Hormones • Released in response to stress Pessimism + Perceived Lack of Control = more stress hormones and hinders recovery time! Example: sick during a final exam -Ms. Brady in Chemistry class....
Cancer and Stress? Can stress really cause cancer?
Stress and Cancer • Two conclusions: • Stress does not cause cancer cells… • Stress affects the malignancy-fighting ability. • If your immune system is weak then your body is much more likely to allow tumor growth that it would normally fight against.
Stress and Heart Related Issues:Individuals Type A Type B Easy going, laid back, relaxed, cool as a cucumber…. • Competitive • Hard working • Impatient • Anger-prone • Aggressive MORE PRONE TO HEART ATTACKS…..
Martin Seligman • Positive Mental health= positive physical health • If you can avoid depression, you can avoid other sickness. • WELLNESS • The common result of a health lifestyle and attitudes.
Exercise: Benefits of Daily Exercise • Effective in reducing anxiety and depression • Self-Confidence • Self-Discipline
Okay, so what’s the Scoop? • ^ output of mood boosting chemicals! • Enhances memory • Lowers your blood pressure • Better sleep (awesome we could all use that one) • Emotional benefits • Heart attack risk is cut in half • Add two years to your life!
A 10 minute walk can…. Increase energy and release tension
Benefits of Social SupportFamily and Friends • Social support makes us feel liked and wanted • Benefits? • Less physical issues • More Pleasure in your life • Longer Life!
Are there any benefits from Religious Activity • Studies show: those involved TEND TO live longer • There were correlations, not actual effects • Benefits? • Promotes healthy lifestyles • Offers social support • Promotes optimism
Positive Experiences and Wellbeing • Positive Psychology: focuses on the study of optimal human functioning and factors that allow individuals and communities to thrive. • Martin Seligman was a huge fan. • A person’s wellbeing includes: • Life satisfaction • Feelings of fulfillment, pleasant emotions, low levels of unpleasant emotions. • “Life is satisfying and going well”
Flow • State of optimal experience • Tasks for happiness not reward • Can lose track of time • For flow to occur: • There must be a challenge requiring skill • Clear Goals • Provide Feedback • Examples: Reading a book we cannot put down (Twilight), Acting in a school play, basketball in the driveway…
Happiness • High self-esteem • Outgoing • Close friendships • Satisfying marriage • Work and leisure that engage their skills • Meaningful religious faith • Sleep well • Exercise