Elephants By: Amiri Gerald www.nashvillezoo.org/ elephants2.htm
Habitat • Can live in almost any climate • Wild elephants • live in Africa and Asia • most of African continent south of the Sahara • in the mountains of India
African gray with black smooth heads tusks Asian brown with black small ears 2 bumps on head no tusks or very small 7 to 10 feet tall 10 to 27 feet long weighs 4 to 6 tons wrinkles in skin long nose (trunk) 4 legs Physical (Unique) Features
Food • 300 pounds of food a day • 16 hours a day • Vegetarians • twigs, grass, fruit, bark, figs, raspberries, plums
Predators • One main enemy • humans: kill for their tusks • wild dogs, coyotes, crocodiles, lions, tigers, & hyenas attack when elephant is a baby, alone, or sick
Interesting Facts • females are in charge • foot does not make a sound when they walk • pick food up and drink water with trunk • it’s nose is a better smeller than most dogs • life cycle: baby-adolescent-adult
Comprehension Questions • 1. Where do elephants live? • 2. Give one similarity and one difference between African and Asian elephants. • 3. What do elephants eat? • 4. Why are elephants killed? • 5. Describe one time when an elephant could be attacked. • 6. How are elephants similar to humans?