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Elephants!. Enormous Creatures of the Earth. By: Jack S. I ntroduction. Elephant’s scientific name is L oxodonta a fricacana and Elephas maximus (African and A sian) Elephants are an endangered species There are a lot of different kinds of elephants—up to 40 different kinds

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  1. Elephants! Enormous Creatures of the Earth By: Jack S.

  2. Introduction • Elephant’s scientific name is Loxodontaafricacana and Elephasmaximus(African and Asian) • Elephants are an endangered species • There are a lot of different kinds of elephants—up to 40 different kinds • The most common elephant is the African Gray Elephant • Elephants live up to 70 years long

  3. What an Elephant Looks Like • Height is 5-15 feet tall • They are largest land animal • The length is 30 feet • They weigh 5,000 to 6,000 pounds

  4. More About How it Looks Like • They have dark grey thick • Their ears are large and floppy • They have legs as big as a tree trunk • The males are bigger than the females

  5. Where Elephants Lives • Elephants live in Africa and Asia • African elephants live in tropical forests, savannas, grasslands, and woodlands • Asia elephants live in tropical rain forests • Their habitat is getting smaller

  6. Climate • About 8 % of Africa gets 10 to 12 inches of rain fall • The temperature changes each season • Summer is the wet season and temperatures are very hot, 80-90 degrees • There is a dry season and a rainy season

  7. Landforms • Savanna plains are rolling grasslands dotted with trees • Grasslands have grass all year long and few trees and shrubs • Woodlands are areas covered with trees and shrubs • Forests have a canopy of treetops that keep out the sun

  8. What Elephants Eat • They are herbivores • They eat leaves, bamboo, bark, roots, and grass • They eat farmer’s crops • Elephants get their water by finding a near by river

  9. What Eats Elephants • Types of animals that eat elephants are lions, tigers, and hyenas • If there is a baby elephant around a vulture will attack • Humans kill elephants for their tusks • Crocodiles eat babies elephants in the water

  10. How Elephants Act • Their sense of smell helps them to stay with their family • They also use there trunks to lift water to their mouths • They make a rumbling sound what humans can not hear to scare the prey off • If they get mad they will charge 40 miles per hour

  11. How They Take Care of Their Babies • Babies are cared for all the females in the herd • Mother elephants are pregnant for 2 years • Elephants babies stay with there mothers at least 3-5 years • Babies weigh at least 200-225 pounds

  12. What Elephants Look Like to Help Them Survive • The tusks help them rip bark off trees and fight off attackers • There are pads cushions under there feet to help carry there weight • They use their trunks to hold things, breath, smell, fight off enemies , drink, and eat • They have 1 or 2 finger like parts at the end of their trunk to pick up small things

  13. How Elephants Act to Survive • The females live in a herds so they can all take care of the babies and keep them safe • They are able to eat 700 pounds of food a day and drink 50 gallons of water to stay big • they spray water on their backs to keep cool • The mom will slap its ears on its head to warn the babies for danger

  14. What's Inside Elephants That Helps Them Survive • The cavities keep the brain from being hurt • Elephants have strong muscles to run fast • Their bones are massive and have no marrow which makes them strong enough to support their bodies • the blood vessels in their ears work as a cooling system

  15. Elephant Fun Facts • Elephant’s trunk has 100,000 muscles • Elephants ears are 5 feet long • Elephants sleep for 4 hours during the night and 2 hours in the day • They get sad when another elephant dies

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