Progressivism. The Main Idea Progressives focused on three areas of reform: easing the suffering of the urban poor, improving unfair and dangerous working conditions, and reforming government at the national, state, and local levels. Reading Focus
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National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
1915: Protested the D. W. Griffith film Birth of a Nation because of hostile African American stereotypes, which led to the film’s banning in eight states
Formed by Sigmund Livingston, a Jewish man in Chicago, in 1913
Fought anti-Semitism, or prejudice against Jews, which was common in AmericaFighting for Civil Rights
Progressives fought prejudice in society by forming various reform groups.
Some measures Progressives fought for includeElection Reforms
From Governor to Vice President
Eastern cities depended upon Pennsylvania coal for heating.
Owners refused to negotiate.The Coal Strike of 1902
He promised to “see that each is given a square deal, because he is entitled to no more and should receive no less.”The Square Deal
He spent a great deal of attention on regulating corporations, determined that they should serve the public interest.Regulating Big Business
The Meat Inspection Act required federal government inspection of meat shipped across state lines.
The Pure Food and Drug Act outlawed food and drugs containing harmful ingredients, and required that containers carry ingredient labels.
Upon his election, Taft worked to secure Roosevelt’s reforms rather than build upon them.Progressivism under Taft
President Taft lost the support of most of the Progressive Republicans, despite the reforms he helped secure.
During his presidential campaign, Wilson proposed a plan of reform called the New Freedom, which called for
stronger antitrust legislation.Wilson’s New Freedom
The Federal Reserve Act put the nation’s banks under the supervision of the federal government for the first time.Banking Reform
Though Congress passed the Sherman Antitrust Act in 1890 to limit the power of monopolies,unfair business practices to go on.
Clayton Antitrust Act