“…to make progress, socially, economically, politically and culturally.”. Progressivism. Responsible Citizenship & Democracy Primary Elections Initiative, Referendum, Recall Direct Election of Senators(Amendment #17) Regulation Control of over-reaching business abuse
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People saw the problems in society and looked to achieve social programs through political reform.
Movement started with urban middle class; these people had time and were effected by the problems therefore choose to work toward reform .Progressivism movement
Lincoln Steffens- The Shame of the cities
Ida Tarbell- History of Standard Oil
Upton Sinclair- The JungleMuckrakers: literary writers who dug up mud on big business, government & etc
(October 27, 1858 – January 6, 1919)
was the 26thPresident of the United States.
He is well remembered for his energetic persona,
his range of interests and achievements,
his leadership of the Progressive Movement, his model of masculinity,
and his "cowboy" image
Roosevelt believed the president should control and use their power in the best interest of the people.
“SQUARE DEAL”- a fair opportunity for all
Known as the “Trust Buster”because he
Broke-up monopolies.Theodore roosevelt
Sanitation requirements in stockyard
2. PURE FOOD & DRUG ACT-
Established the FOOD & DRUG Administration
and government regulation of food production
and harmful drugs.
3. CONSERVATIONIST- T. R. WAS A BIG CONSERVATIONIST!
PLEASE ADD THE FOLLOWING TO YOUR NOTES…
4. ELKINS AND HEPBURN ACT- REGULATE RAILROADSTheodore roosevelt
End business abuses that brought wealth to a few and destroyed free enterprise.Aims of Progressivism
Middle Class to Government Abuse
1. Commission system:
a) form of government in which elected commissions are
responsible for a separate function (i.e. Commissioner of
Safety, Commissioner of Finance, Commissioner of Police)
2. City manager:
a)professional hired by an elected city council to manage day to day
activities.REFORM IN THE CITY AND STATE GOVERNMENTS…
By the 1900’s, women still did NOT have the right to vote in most state elections or federal elections.
Women like Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony, wrote letters, gave speeches and were sometimes even jailed for their suffrage activities.Women’s suffrage movement
Women were NOT given the right to vote until 1920 with the passage of the
19th Amendment to the Constitution.
Yellowstone national park-Located in Wyoming, Montana and Idaho, it is home to a large variety of wildlife including grizzly bears, wolves, bison, and elk. Preserved within Yellowstone National Park are Old Faithful and a collection of the world's most extraordinary geysers and hot springs, and the Grand Canyon of theYellowstone.
230 million acres -The area of the United States that he placed under public protection totals approximately 230,000,000 acres.Roosevelt federal land protection
(September 15, 1857 – March 8, 1930)
was the 27thPresident of the United States and later the 10th Chief Justice of the United States.
He is the only person to have served in both offices.
Did NOT continue with Roosevelt’s conservation policies; angered Teddy Roosevelt.WILLIAM HOWARD TAFT
Three Progressive reformers wanted to become President: Teddy Roosevelt, William Taft and Woodrow Wilson.
Republican- William Howard Taft
Democrat- Woodrow Wilson
Bull Moose- Teddy Roosevelt
Because the Republican Party was divided between
Roosevelt and Taft, Wilson easily defeated them
becoming the first Democrat elected president in 20
years!Election of 1912
Narrowly re-elected in 1916, Wilson's second term centered on World War I. He based his re-election campaign around the slogan "he kept us out of the war," but U.S. neutrality was challenged in early 1917 when the German government proposed to Mexico a military alliance in a war against the U.S., and began unrestricted submarine warfare, sinking without warning every American merchant ship its submarines could find. Wilson in April 1917 asked Congress to declare war.
TARIFFS- Wilson wanted to force American business to compete by lowering high tariffs.
TRUSTS- signed the Clayton Anti-Trust Act
One company could NOT buy stock in a competing company
One person could NOT serve on the board of directors of two competing companies at the same timeWoodrow Wilson
A government agency that monitored business to ensure competition and fair business practices.
Wilson also sets up the Federal Reserve Act
Divided the nation into 12 districts , each having a Federal Reserve Bank
Set up a minimum amount of money local banks keep on deposit.
**Controls the amount of money in circulation.Woodrow Wilson