to make progress socially economically politically and culturally n.
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“…to make progress, socially, economically, politically and culturally.”. Progressivism. Responsible Citizenship & Democracy Primary Elections Initiative, Referendum, Recall Direct Election of Senators(Amendment #17) Regulation Control of over-reaching business abuse

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elements of progressivism

Responsible Citizenship & Democracy

Primary Elections

Initiative, Referendum, Recall

Direct Election of Senators(Amendment #17)

Regulation

Control of over-reaching business abuse

Strong ICC and Railroad regulations

Elements of progressivism
progressivism movement

People saw the problems in society and looked to achieve social programs through political reform.

Movement started with urban middle class; these people had time and were effected by the problems therefore choose to work toward reform .

Progressivism movement
social basis for movement

Government was an agent of human welfare.

Response of Middle Class to Government Abuse.

Drive for civic life to benefit from business efficiencies.

SOCIAL BASIS FOR MOVEMENT
muckrakers literary writers who dug up mud on big business government etc

Jacob Riis- How the Other Half Lives

Lincoln Steffens- The Shame of the cities

Ida Tarbell- History of Standard Oil

Upton Sinclair- The Jungle

Muckrakers: literary writers who dug up mud on big business, government & etc
progressive change to the federal government

Theodore Roosevelt

Progressive change to the federal government…

(October 27, 1858 – January 6, 1919)

was the 26thPresident of the United States.

He is well remembered for his energetic persona,

his range of interests and achievements,

his leadership of the Progressive Movement, his model of masculinity,

and his "cowboy" image

theodore roosevelt

Roosevelt believed the president should control and use their power in the best interest of the people.

“SQUARE DEAL”- a fair opportunity for all

Known as the “Trust Buster”because he

Broke-up monopolies.

Theodore roosevelt
theodore roosevelt1

1.MEAT INSPECTION ACT-

Sanitation requirements in stockyard

2. PURE FOOD & DRUG ACT-

Established the FOOD & DRUG Administration

and government regulation of food production

and harmful drugs.

3. CONSERVATIONIST- T. R. WAS A BIG CONSERVATIONIST!

PLEASE ADD THE FOLLOWING TO YOUR NOTES…

4. ELKINS AND HEPBURN ACT- REGULATE RAILROADS

Theodore roosevelt
aims of progressivism

ECONOMIC REFORM:

End business abuses that brought wealth to a few and destroyed free enterprise.

Aims of Progressivism
  • POLITICAL REFORM:
  • REMOVE CORRUPTION FROM GOVERNMENT
  • Government was an agent of human welfare
  • Response of

Middle Class to Government Abuse

  • SOCIAL REFORM:
  • HELPING THE POOR BY IMPROVING WORKING CONDITIONS & CLEANING UP SLUMS.
  • Drive for civic life to benefit from business efficiencies

Aims of

Progressivism

reform in the city and state governments

City Government tried to end corrupt

Political machines!

1. Commission system:

a) form of government in which elected commissions are

responsible for a separate function (i.e. Commissioner of

Safety, Commissioner of Finance, Commissioner of Police)

2. City manager:

a)professional hired by an elected city council to manage day to day

activities.

REFORM IN THE CITY AND STATE GOVERNMENTS…
state government

State government Wisconsin senator Robert LaFollettled a nation-wide reform movement to make state government more democratic.

State government
state government1

Direct Primary:

a) Voters would nominate candidates by a direct popular vote in a primary election.

State government
state government2

Referendum:

a) Voters can approve or reject a bill by petitioning to have it placed on the ballot.

State government
state government3

Secret Ballot

a) Voting in a private booth.

State government
state government4

Initiative:

a) Voters can force law makers to consider a proposed law by signing a petition.

State government
state government5

Recall:

a) Voters can have a special election to get rid of an elected official.

State government
women s suffrage movement

By the 1900’s, women still did NOT have the right to vote in most state elections or federal elections.

Women like Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony, wrote letters, gave speeches and were sometimes even jailed for their suffrage activities.

Women’s suffrage movement
elizabeth cady stanton seated susan b anthony
Elizabeth Cady Stanton(seated) & Susan B. anthony

Women were NOT given the right to vote until 1920 with the passage of the

19th Amendment to the Constitution.

slide24

Yellowstone national park-Located in Wyoming, Montana and Idaho, it is home to a large variety of wildlife including grizzly bears, wolves, bison, and elk. Preserved within Yellowstone National Park are Old Faithful and a collection of the world's most extraordinary geysers and hot springs, and the Grand Canyon of theYellowstone.

roosevelt federal land protection

230 million acres -The area of the United States that he placed under public protection totals approximately 230,000,000 acres.

Roosevelt federal land protection
william howard taft
WILLIAM HOWARD TAFT

(September 15, 1857 – March 8, 1930)

was the 27thPresident of the United States and later the 10th Chief Justice of the United States.

He is the only person to have served in both offices.

william howard taft1

Actually broke up more trusts than Teddy Roosevelt

Raised Tariffs

Did NOT continue with Roosevelt’s conservation policies; angered Teddy Roosevelt.

WILLIAM HOWARD TAFT
election of 1912

Three Progressive reformers wanted to become President: Teddy Roosevelt, William Taft and Woodrow Wilson.

Republican- William Howard Taft

Democrat- Woodrow Wilson

Bull Moose- Teddy Roosevelt

Because the Republican Party was divided between

Roosevelt and Taft, Wilson easily defeated them

becoming the first Democrat elected president in 20

years!

Election of 1912
progressive presidents domestic issues

Teddy Roosevelt

William Howard Taft

Woodrow Wilson(1913-1921)

Progressive presidents- domestic issues…
woodrow wilson december 28 1856 february 3 1924
Woodrow Wilson(December 28, 1856 – February 3, 1924

Narrowly re-elected in 1916, Wilson's second term centered on World War I. He based his re-election campaign around the slogan "he kept us out of the war," but U.S. neutrality was challenged in early 1917 when the German government proposed to Mexico a military alliance in a war against the U.S., and began unrestricted submarine warfare, sinking without warning every American merchant ship its submarines could find. Wilson in April 1917 asked Congress to declare war.

woodrow wilson

Introduced progressive reform movement called the NEW FREEDOM!

TARIFFS- Wilson wanted to force American business to compete by lowering high tariffs.

TRUSTS- signed the Clayton Anti-Trust Act

One company could NOT buy stock in a competing company

One person could NOT serve on the board of directors of two competing companies at the same time

Woodrow Wilson
woodrow wilson1

Wilson set up the Federal Trade Commission(FTC)

A government agency that monitored business to ensure competition and fair business practices.

Wilson also sets up the Federal Reserve Act

Divided the nation into 12 districts , each having a Federal Reserve Bank

Set up a minimum amount of money local banks keep on deposit.

**Controls the amount of money in circulation.

Woodrow Wilson