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PROGRESSIVISM. 1900-1919. INFLUENCES. THIRD POLITICAL PARTIES POPULISTS SOCIALISTS NATIONAL WOMEN’S PARTY ORGANIZATIONS LABOR UNIONS UNIVERSITIES SETTLEMENT HOUSES MUCKRAKERS GOVERNMENT REFORMERS RELIGIOUS REFORMERS

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progressivism

PROGRESSIVISM

1900-1919

influences
INFLUENCES
  • THIRD POLITICAL PARTIES
    • POPULISTS
    • SOCIALISTS
    • NATIONAL WOMEN’S PARTY
  • ORGANIZATIONS
    • LABOR UNIONS
    • UNIVERSITIES
    • SETTLEMENT HOUSES
  • MUCKRAKERS
  • GOVERNMENT REFORMERS
  • RELIGIOUS REFORMERS
  • http://college.hmco.com/history/readerscomp/rcah/html/ah_071500_progressivis.htm
important election reforms
IMPORTANT ELECTION REFORMS
  • REFERENDUM
  • INITIATIVE
  • RECALL
  • SECRET BALLOT
  • DIRECT PRIMARY
  • 17TH AMENDMENT-Senators
  • 19TH AMENDMENT-Women’s suffrage
  • http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/USAsuffrage.htm
demands for government efficiency
DEMANDS FOR GOVERNMENT EFFICIENCY
  • CENTRALIZING GOVERNMENT
    • CITY MANAGER SYSTEM
    • CITY COMMISSION SYSTEM
  • ATTACKS ON CORRUPTION
  • 16TH AMENDMENT-Income Tax
  • http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1061.html
consumer protection and quality of life
CONSUMER PROTECTION AND QUALITY OF LIFE
  • PURE FOOD AND DRUG ACT
  • MEAT INSPECTION ACT
  • CONSERVATION
  • 18th AMENDMENT-Prohibition
  • http://memory.loc.gov/learn/features/timeline/progress/prohib/prohib.html
regulation of business
REGULATION OF BUSINESS
  • CARRYING OUT ANTITRUST LAWS
  • NORTHERN SECURITIES CASE (1904)
  • HEPBURN ACT (1906)-Railroads
  • MANN-ELKINS ACT (1910)-Communications and long haul/short haul
  • CLAYTON ACT (1914)-price discrimination
  • http://www.emayzine.com/lectures/progre~1.htm
social justice
SOCIAL JUSTICE
  • CHILD LABOR LAWS
  • SUPPORT FOR ORGANIZED LABOR
  • DEVELOPMENT OF PROFESSIONAL SOCIAL WORKERS
  • http://college.hmco.com/history/readerscomp/rcah/html/rc_051201_ilabormoveme.htm
social control
SOCIAL CONTROL
  • Particularly Strong during World War I
  • Espionage Act (1917)
  • Sedition Act (1918)
  • Creel Committee
  • http://www.chicora.org/woodrow_wilson.htm
theodore roosevelt
THEODORE ROOSEVELT
  • President (1901-1909)
  • Bull Moose candidate 1912
  • Supported “New Nationalism”
    • Women’s Rights
    • Workman’s comp.
    • Ban of corporate campaign contributions
  • http://www.whitehouse.gov/history/presidents/tr26.html
william taft
WILLIAM TAFT
  • President (1909-1913)
  • Came in 3rd in 1912 election
  • Did not fully understand Progressivism
  • Split with Roosevelt over Antitrust and Conservation
  • http://www.whitehouse.gov/history/presidents/wt27.html
woodrow wilson
WOODROW WILSON
  • President (1913-1921)
  • Strong interest in government efficiency.
  • Disliked power groups
  • Sought greater control over big business
  • http://www.whitehouse.gov/history/presidents/ww28.html