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The Emergence of The Relationship Economy
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  1. The Emergence of The Relationship Economy The New Order of Things to Come Learning Theory Analysis . . . Malcolm Knowles' Andragogy Abraham Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs Steven Covey's The 8th Habit Mihály Csíkszentmihályi ‘s Flow

  2. Malcolm Knowles • Abraham Maslow • Steven Covey • Mihály Csíkszentmihályi • These thought leaders challenge us to create creative leaders by modeling creative leadership.

  3. Andragogy • In "The Adult Learner," Knowles identified the root of Pedagogy as "paid" (child) and "agogus" (leader of), and combined the two to mean the "art and science of teaching children." • His definition shows the strong link between leading and teaching.

  4. Andragogy • Knowles observed that becoming an adult was a process, culminating in the self-concept of being responsible for our own lives - having self-direction. • Can the same be said about becoming an adult teacher/leader?

  5. Andragogy • Knowles' guidance on "making things happen by releasing energy in others" ties in with this, as well.

  6. Andragogy • Knowles said that creative leaders differ from controlling leaders in the assumptions they make about human nature.

  7. Andragogy • Knowles said that creative leaders assume when people make a commitment they had a part in the decision process. • Creative leaders value individuality -- they stimulate and reward creativity.

  8. Hierarchy Of Needs • Maslow defined self-actualization as the desire for self-fulfillment, doing what one is fitted for, to become everything that one is capable of becoming.

  9. Hierarchy Of Needs • Maslow’s self-actualization can be described best as a process that is often felt, sometimes seen, but rarely achieved.

  10. What Motivates You? • Maslow’s theory of human motivation

  11. 1. Physiological • Hunger • Thirst • Shelter • sex

  12. 2. Safety • Security • Protection from harm

  13. 3. Social: • Affection • Belonging • Acceptance • friendship

  14. 4. Esteem: (also called ego). • Self respect • Autonomy • Achievement • Status • Recognition • Attention

  15. 5. Self actualization(doing things)

  16. 8th Habit • Covey says, "Leadership is a choice, not a position." • How many of us feel we have made a choice, or were we just filling a void and sort of got comfortable once we filled it?

  17. 8th Habit • Leadership, if not chosen (daily), can be considered forfeited.

  18. 8th Habit • Covey said the 8th Habit is about • finding your voice • and inspiring others to find theirs

  19. What's the difference between • inspiring someone • and encouraging, empowering, or assisting them?

  20. 8th Habit • Covey explained that Voice is your "unique personal significance." • It is that "significance that is revealed as we face our greatest challenges and that makes us equal to them."

  21. How often do we feel "equal" to our "greatest challenges?" • Does this term "voice" remind you of other theories?

  22. Covey’s "voice" is similar to • Maslow's "self-actualization," from his "Hierarchy Of Needs“ • And also looks similar to Csíkszentmihályi’s “Flow”

  23. Flow • Flow is the mental state of operation in which the person is fully immersed in what he or she is doing, characterized by a feeling of energized focus, full involvement, and success in the process of the activity.

  24. How do I get there from here? • Clear goals • Concentrating and focusing • Self-consciousness • Distorted sense of time • Direct and immediate feedback • Balanced ability level and challenge • A sense of personal control. • An activity that is intrinsically rewarding • Becoming absorbed in the activity Not all are needed for flow to be experienced.

  25. How do We get there from here? • Creative spatial arrangements • Chairs • Pin walls • Charts (no tables) • Work primarily while standing and moving. • Playground design • Charts & Flow graphs • Project summary • Results wall • Open topics • Parallel, organized working • Target group focus • Prototyping • Efficiency through visualization • Differences seen as opportunities, not obstacles.

  26. Where will I feel Flow? • Business (especially negotiations) • Playing music • Playing sports • Playing video games • Doing standup comedy • Religious activity • Education (learning and sharing)

  27. References • Covey, S. R. (2004). The 8th Habit: From Effectiveness to Greatness, New York: Free Press • Csíkszentmihályi, M. (1990). Flow: The Psychology of Optimal Experience. New York: Harper and Row. • Knowles, M.S., Holton, E. F., III & Swanson, R. A. (2005). The Adult Learner (6th ed.). San Diego: Elsevier • Maslow, A. H. (1943). A Theory of Human Motivation.Psychological Review, 50, 370-396

  28. The Emergence of The Relationship Economy The New Order of Things to Come Learning Theory Analysis . . . Malcolm Knowles' Andragogy Abraham Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs Steven Covey's The 8th Habit Mihály Csíkszentmihályi ‘s Flow