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The Life and Times of Plato, Bruno, Margaret Kavendish , and Maria Winkelman. Plato. After father’s death, grew up w/ stepfather Pyrilampes • As a child studied philosophy under Cratylus. Plato cont’d. Socrates disciple In military for 5 years

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plato

Plato

After father’s death, grew up w/ stepfather Pyrilampes

• As a child studied philosophy under Cratylus

plato cont d
Plato cont’d
  • Socrates disciple
  • In military for 5 years
  • Socrates forced suicide left him deeply scarred
  • Joined Thirty years Tyrants w/ uncle Charmides
  • Left shortly when exposed to heavy violence
plato final
Plato Final
  • Wrote a total of 36 Dialogues & 13 Letters
  • In Italy, advised Syracuse family
  • Developed theory of forms, Platonic realism, Platonic idealism
  • Created the Academy in Athens
  • Taught a young Aristotle
  • Most likely died and buried on Academy grounds
giordano bruno
Giordano Bruno
  • Born Filippo Bruno in 1548
  • Dominican Friar Who studied astronomy, astrology, and philosophy
  • His ideas further expanded Copernicus’ heliocentric theory
bruno cont d
Bruno cont’d
  • Accurately predicted Sun was just another star
  • Also believed there to be an infinite # of planets, some of which are inhabited by intelligent beings
  • Became a martyr during Roman inquisition
margaret cavendish
Margaret Cavendish
  • British aristocratic writer and scientist
  • Born Margaret Lucas, daughter of John Lucas (1623)
  • Traveled w/ Henrietta Maria in exile to france where she lived in young Louis XIV’s court
  • Published about natural philosophy and early scientific law under her own name, unusual for women of her time (21 tot.)
  • Criticized Hobbes, Descartes, and Boyle
maria winkelmann
Maria Winkelmann
  • German who believed in equal opportunity (sex)
  • Studied w/ self-taught farmer/astronomer Chrisopher Arnold, through whom she met future husband and fellow astronomer Gottfried Kirch
  • Worked together create calendars, ephemeredes, almanacs
  • First woman to discover a comet(1702) Kirchcredited
maria winkelmann cont d
Maria Winkelmann cont’d
  • Observed Aurora Borealis (1707)
  • Conjunction of Sun w/ Saturn & Venus
  • Conjunction of Jupiter and Saturn
  • Son Christfried became Head astronomer, while she and her daughter assisted
  • Forced to retire and died in 1720
  • Succeeded by 3 daughters and son
citations
Citations
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Giordano_Bruno
  • http://www.google.com/imgres?sa=X&biw=792&bih=579&tbm=isch&tbnid=0sfmWfSm3uMf2M:&imgrefurl=http://www.hyperhistory.com/online_n2/people_n2/science_n2/helio.html&docid=XkPozWPn-04vJM&imgurl=http://www.hyperhistory.com/online_n2/people_n2/science_n2/images/heliocentric.jpg&w=325&h=325&ei=Cf1yUsWGFZiz4AOY9oGoDQ&zoom=1&ved=1t:3588,r:1,s:0,i:93&iact=rc&page=1&tbnh=183&tbnw=175&start=0&ndsp=8&tx=98&ty=115
  • http://1.bp.blogspot.com/_ypLtaa68ryI/TLmkdllGlXI/AAAAAAAAEX8/sxhXnaypdkk/s640/zzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzbruno6.jpg
  • http://www.binarymoon.co.uk/2010/03/toy-story-1-2-3/toy-story-3-aliens/
  • http://www.athenstourgreece.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/01/athens-academy-Socrates-Plato.jpg
  • http://filipspagnoli.files.wordpress.com/2009/06/socrates.jpg
  • http://scottoden.files.wordpress.com/2012/07/greek-soldier.jpg
  • http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/da/Plato_Pio-Clemetino_Inv305.jpg
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Margaret_Cavendish,_Duchess_of_Newcastle-upon-Tyne
  • http://www.sheisanastronomer.org/index.php/history/maria-winkelmann-kirch
  • http://thelifeofmariawinkelmann.weebly.com/a-comet-is-discovered.html