AARRGGGH! presents: The life and times of Donald Duck
First appearance • Donald’s first appearance was in the Silly Symphonies cartoon, “The wise little hen” in the year 1934 • Created by Dick Lundy As you see, Donald was much taller, plumper body and big feet.
More appearances • August 1934 –Donald stars in the Mickey Mouse cartoon The Orphan’s benefit, where he gets his nasty temper. • Redesigned in 1936, rounder and cuter. • Stars solo in January 9th 1937
Donald Fauntleroy Duck • Donald’s birthday is June 9th 1934 • Anthropomorphic duck, in blue/black navy shirt and with a sailor hat but no pants (exept when he goes swimming). • The son (duckling) of Quackmore Duck and Hortense McDuck.
Donald’s Birthday • One early reference is in the movie The Three Caballeros (1945) which takes place on Donald's birthday, which then fell on Friday the 13th. If the movie is supposed to take place in 1944 the only Friday 13th then is in October. In 1945 April and July would be possible, but in that case the movie would have taken place in the future, as it was released in February 1945. • In Donald’s Happy Birthday from 1949 it is March 13th. • Nowadays most often the date of Donald's first screen appearance, June 9, is used for his birthday. • In Marco Rota’s Buon compeanno, Paperino (= Happy Birthday, Donald) Donald says himself that he was born September 16, 1934 (which is the date of his first appearance in comics), but in the Italian reprint ten years later that was changed to June 9, 1934. • The year of Donald's birth is 1920 according to Don Rosa
Black or blue? • On covers and on screen: blue sailor suitIn comics: black sailor soit • When Donald first appeared in comics, in the full-color Sunday funnies, the blue looked good. • The problem came when Donald entered daily black and white newspaper comics in 1938. The shirt that had been colored blue would now print as white -no contrast. So the decision came to make the shirt black - thus preserving the desired contrast even on a black-and-white newspaper page. • When Western Publishing reprinted these daily newspaper strips in their comic books (starting in 1940), it was easier simply to leave the shirt black than to bleach it out and recolor it blue. • And when Western then began to create Donald Duck comic book stories of their own (1942), they wanted them to be of-a-piece with the Donald Duck newspaper strips they were then running. So Barks and others gave Donald a black shirt in the new comic book stories, disregarding the reason that the black shirt was originally used.
G.I. Donald • Several of Donald's shorts during the war were propaganda films • Der Fuehrer’s Face released on January 1st, 1943. In it, Donald plays a worker in an artillery factory in "Nutzi Land" (Germany). He struggles with long working hours, very small food rations, and having to salute every time he sees a picture of the Fuehrer. Then Donald wakes up to find that his experience was in fact a nightmare. At the end of the short Donald looks to the Statue of Liberty and the American flag with renewed appreciation. Der Fuehrer's Face won the 1943 Academy Award for animated short film. • Other notable shorts from this period include the so-called Army shorts, six films that follow Donald's life in the US Army from his drafting to his life at boot camp under sergeant Pete to his first actual mission as a commando having to sabotage a Japanese air base. • In Donald gets drafted Donald has a physical examination before joining the army. According to it Donald has flat feet and is unable to distinguish between the colors green and blue. Also in this cartoon sergeant Pete comments on Donald's lack of discipline.
Huey, Dewey and Louie • Huey's full name is Huebert Duck. He is the red one. • Dewey's full name is Deuteronomy Duck. He is the Blue one. • Louie's full name is Louis Duck. He is the green one. Spot a mistake!
Daisy Duck • First appeared in the cartoon Mr. Duck Steps Out on June 7, 1940. • Daisy is the sister of Donna Duck, Donalds ex-girlfriend, but Donna is also the mother of April, May and June. • Gladstone Gander and Donald usally compete in which one gets to date Daisy.
Gladstone Gander • Icelandic name: Hábeinn heppni • First appearance in comic “Wintertime Wager” in January 1948. • Donald’s cousin and possibly his adoptive brother (Barks and Rosa are unclear on this). • Ridiculously lucky; as soon as he finds the need for something, it miraculously finds its way in his hands. • A single exception to his great luck is his relationship with Daisy, as he and Donald are either equally misfortunate in wooing her, or -sometimes- Donald is the one victorious. • May seem unlucky for some amount of time, but almost always ends up with luck on his side.
The first appearance of Scrooge McDuck • Created by Charles Barks • He first appears in "Christmas on Bear mountain" in 1947 as a mean old uncle of Donald • He was only intended to be in that one story so his character was not nearly what it is today • Often believed to be based on both Ebenezer Scrooge and Citizen Kane • Barks experimented some more with Scrooge's appearance and personality later on
Scrooge –second appearance • His second appearance is in "The old Castle's Secrets" in 1948 • That was the first time he is called "The richest duck in the world • "Voodoo Hoodoo" was the first hint of that Scrooge had quite a past • Scrooge received his own comic series in 1952 the first comic was "Only a poor old man" and then "Back to the Klondike" in 1953 • These stories became the biggest influence on how Scrooge's character, past and beliefs would be defined
Scrooge -Personality traits • Today his most famous personality trait is how cheap he is, he almost never lends money to anyone and does not spend any either if he does not have to • Different from his rivals Flintheart Glomgold and John D. Rockerduck, Scrooge has a sense of honesty that makes him somewhat more of a good guy than they are • However he does sometimes let his greed win over that sense
Elvira “Grandma Duck” Coot • Icelandic name: Elvíra/Andrea “Amma Önd” Fiðurnef • First appearance as a picture in 1940, and in person in 1943. • Originally created by Al Taliaferro. • Grandmother of Donald and Gladstone, is the great-grandmother of D’s nephews. • Is obviously NOT Scrooge’s sister, despite what some translators may have declared. • Is widowed and lives on the farm that she inherited from her father. • Raised her children on the farm, later Donald and possibly more of her decendants.
Gus Goose • Icelandic name: Gassi Gæs • Species: Goose • First appearence 1939 in Donald short “Donald’s Cousin Gus”. • Lives on Grandma Duck’s farm, where he works. • Likes to eat.
Gyro Gearloose • Icelandic name: Georg gírlausi • Species: Chicken • Loyal friend to Donald, Scrooge and the rest of the gang. • An incredibly talented and productive inventor. • When stumped, he tends to strike himself on the head with a hammer for instant inspiration. • His greatest invention is most likely his Little Helper (Litli Hjálpari) who is a small lightbulb-headed robot, capable of emotion and inventing things by himself.
Magica de Spell • Icelandic name: Hexía de Trix • Created by Carl Barks, first appeared in his “The Midas Touch” story 1961. • One of Scrooge’s worst enemies. • Lives on the Italian volcano Vesuvius. • Covets Scrooge’s Number One Dime (According to Barks, she intends to melt it down to acuire the Midas Touch: The ability to turn anything into gold). • Always fails. • Always plays the villain, but has shown unexpected sentiment on rare occasions.
Carl Barks • Carl Barks was born on March 27th 1901. • He invented Duckburg, and many of it’s inhabitants. • He both drew good comic strips and amazing oilpaintings of Donald and his friends.
Kingdom Hearts • A video game developed by the Japanese company Square, which is widely known as the makers of the Final Fantasy roleplaying games, in co-operation with Disney. • English version released in the fall of 2002. • Is a mix of Disney characters and worlds with some characters and elements of the FF RPGs, the most notable contribution of Square may be the first-rate graphics.
Disney Main good guys: Donald and Goofy. Supporting roles: Mickey Mouse (appears briefly), Pluto, Mina, Daisy, Huey, Louie, Dewey, Winnie the Pooh (and friends), seven of the classic princesses and many, many more... Villains: Malifecent, Hook, Oogie Boogie, Ursula and more. Square/original Main: Sora Supporting: Riku, Kairi, Selphie, Wakka, Tidus, Leon (Squall), Yuffie, Cid, Cloud and Aeris. (Also appearing are Sephiroth and some moogles.) Villains: The Heartless and a mysterious evil. Characters of Kingdom Hearts
Teamers of AARRRGGH!: • Askur Kristjánsson • Inga Auðbjörg Kristjánsdóttir • Keno Don Rosa • Lísa Hlín Óskarsdóttir