Relative Location of Africa • Africa is located ________________ of the United States. • Africa is located south of ____________.
Countries in Africa Use the map found on page 405 in your MD textbook to fill in the countries map. Use only the countries found in the key below the map. Draw a line and label the equator.
Major Landforms of Africa Use the map found on page 403 of your MD textbook to complete the landforms map. Only label landforms found in the key under the map.
Major Plate Boundaries • Turn to page 37 in the MD textbook. • Use the map on this page to LIST the different plate boundaries that exist for Africa.
Natural Disasters in Africa • Earthquakes • Floods • Tropical Cyclones • Droughts
Climates of Africa • Turn to page 421 in your MD textbook. Lightly shade the climate types found in Africa. Create a key. Read pg. 280 about climates of Africa
Factors that influence Climate in Africa • Latitude: most of Africa is warm all year, places near equator are warm because sun is almost directly overhead all year • Proximity to water: areas near the ocean have marine climate, ocean winders and warm ocean currents help keep temperatures about the same all year • Continentality: inland areas far from sea have continental climates meaning the climate is influenced by a large landmass, ocean winds and currents do not affect places with continental climate, summers are usually hotter than near the sea, while winters are colder • Elevation: Ethiopian Highlands
Biomes of Africa • Two fifths of Africa is tropical grassland (savanna) • North Africa – desert…near Med. Sea small trees and bushes…narrow strip of broadleaf evergreen forest runs along Nile R through Egypt, tropical grasslands cover southern edge of Sahara • West Africa – mostly tropical grassland, over years some has become desert because of little rain…southern part is rainforest • East Africa – mostly tropical grassland…some coastal broadleaf evergreen forests…in Ethiopian Highlands plants differ depending on elevation • Central and South Africa – Congo Basin broadleaf evergreen forests…desert areas…tropical grassland…mountain range highland….southern tip chaparral
Major Languages of Africa • At least 2,000 languages • Arabic • Swahili • Berber • Portuguese • French • Bantu • Yoruba • Tribal Languages
Major Religions of Africa • Christianity – 46.3% • Islam – 40.5% • Indigenous – 11.8% • Hinduism – 0.3% • More than 100 million people practice indigenous religions • 4 out of 10 Africans are Muslims, living mostly in North and West Africa • Most Christians live in West, East, Central and South Africa
Urban vs. Rural & Major Cities of Africa • Urban 38.6% • Rural 61.4% Alexandria, Egypt Cairo, Egypt Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Mogadishu, Somalia Dakar, Senegal Nairobi, Kenya Khartoum, Sudan Lagos, Nigeria Johannesburg, South Africa Kinshasa, Dem. Rep. of Congo
Population and Migration – AfricaLook at pg. 284 • About 967 million • One seventh of the world’s population • Fastest growing population in the world • 65 people per square mile
Major Economic Activity: AfricaRead pg.285 • Oil – North and West Africa – export to Europe • Diamond Mines – Central and South Africa, produces almost ¾ of world’s diamonds • Gold – Central and South Africa • Nomadic herding – North and East Africa • Farmland is mainly used for subsistence farming but there has been an increase in commercial, cotton along Nile/Nile Delta, Date Palms in Sahara, Cocoa beans in West Africa • Trade and Manufacturing – South Africa – cars, clothing, steel, electronics
Political System: Africa • Dictatorships: military, monarchy, authoritarian • Democracies: presidential, parliamentary
Economic System: Africa • Traditional • Command • Market • Mixed
Developed or Developing: Africa look at pg. 528 • Mostly developing, less developed
Major Conflicts: AfricaRead pg. 332 and 333 • Atlantic Slave Trade • Colonization • Desertification • Rwanda • Sudan, South Sudan • Arab Spring in Africa • Libyan Civil War