Accuracy By: Amanda Ruggeri and Rita Corcoran
What is Accuracy? • Think. Pair. Share. • Definition: Basically accuracy is reading the words correctly, or for the Sisters “I can read the words.” • For Our Purpose: We need to know strategies on how to teach and improve accuracy in our students.
Theory • Improving accuracy also helps students improve their fluency and their comprehension. • Less worried about saying the words correctly if they know they are saying them correctly • Have strategies to figure out difficult words so it isn’t as frustrating • Accuracy isn’t about reading the words at an appropriate pace. It’s about reading the words correctly. • Creating a Running Record • Total Number of Words-Errors x 100 • Independent Reading: 97-100% • Instructional Level: 92-96% • Frustration Level: 91% and below
Practice • The Sisters CAFÉ and Daily Five • You can use their Literacy CAFÉ Menu for strategies for accuracy • Ready Reference Form for each strategy • Suggestions for implementing different reading goals and strategies while also making sure to touch on other elements of reading. • Words Their Way • Tons of words lists, games, strategies, etc. for improving accuracy • Also a lot in this book for improving other areas of reading
Strategies for Improving Accuracy • Cross Checking • Flip the Sound • Use the pictures • Skip the words, then come back • Trade a word/guess a word that makes sense • Use beginning and end sounds • Blends sounds, stretch and reread • Chunk letters and sounds together • Pronunciation Guides (Not in CAFÉ)
Accuracy in Middle and High School • You aren’t guaranteed that your students are going to be great at accuracy at this age, but a realistic accuracy strategy for middle and high school students is… Pronunciation Guides • Think. Pair. Share. • What do you think the link is between accuracy and pronunciation guides?
Understanding the Benefits… • Being able to recognize the oral pronunciation when someone else is saying the word. • Ex: You read the text, now your teacher is talking about it. • When you say the word accurately, you may spell the word more accurately. • If you know how to say the word correctly, you focus more on the meaning. • The word will be more memorable and applicable.
Mini Lesson On Pronunciation guides • Parts and Pieces of a pronunciation guide: • Bibliography (bibleoggrafe) • Found within parenthesis after the word • Sounds are usually separated by syllables • Sometimes have the symbols above for long/short vowel sounds, accents, etc. • It is how the words sounds, not how it is spelled.
Mini Lesson on Pronunciation Guides Proteins in Action • “Proteins have many different functions. Some proteins form structures that are easy to see. Other proteins are very small and help cells do their jobs. Inside red blood cells, the protein hemoglobin (HEE mohGLOH bin) binds two oxygen to deliver and release oxygen throughout the body…Other proteins, called enzymes (EN ZIEMZ), start or speed up chemical reactions in cells.” • Holt, Reinhart, & Winston. Holt science and technology: Life science. New York, NY: A Harcourt Education Company.
Now It’s Your Turn! • Commercial food products will often have partially hydrogenated vegetable oil as one of the ingredients. Naturally occurring fatty acids such as vegetable oil are long carbon chain carboxylic acids. They can be hydrogenated to convert the alkyl chain into to an aliphatic R group. The fatty acids can be found as either the carboxylic acid or as part of a fatty acid triglyceride as shown below. The fatty acid is isolated when the fatty acid triglyceride is hydrolyzed. Three acids will be formed from every fatty acid triglyceride. The R group can be any alkyl group. In naturally occurring fatty acids, the R will have an odd number of carbons. Counting the acid carbon, natural fatty acids have an even number of carbons. This is attributed to fatty acid synthesis occurring two carbons at a time by in vivo mechanisms. In the table below are some common fatty acids that are naturally found in animals.
The Same Passage With Pronunciations Guides • Commercial food products will often have partially hydrogenated ([hahy-druh-juh-neyt-ed) vegetable oil as one of the ingredients. Naturally occurring fatty acids such as vegetable oil are long carbon chain carboxylic (kahr-bok-sil-ic) acids. They can be hydrogenated to convert the alkyl chain into to an aliphatic (al-uh-fat-ik) R group. The fatty acids can be found as either the carboxylic acid or as part of a fatty acid triglyceride (trahy-glis-uh-rahyd) as shown below. The fatty acid is isolated when the fatty acid triglyceride is hydrolyzed (hahy-druh-lahyz-d). Three acids will be formed from every fatty acid triglyceride. The R group can be any alkyl group. In naturally occurring fatty acids, the R will have an odd number of carbons. Counting the acid carbon, natural fatty acids have an even number of carbons. This is attributed to fatty acid synthesis occurring two carbons at a time by in vivo mechanisms. In the table below are some common fatty acids that are naturally found in animals.
Discussion of Pronunciation Guides • How did having the pronunciation guides help once you had them? What did you notice? • Can you see incorporating this in your classroom? Why?
Sound Blends and Chunking • Write in your notebooks or a scrap sheet of paper. What do you think sound blends and chunking are? • Share out!
Sound Blends and Chunking Are… • “Chunking letters and sounds together within a word to make decoding more efficient, rapid, and accurate” Thank you Sisters! • In other words: • Breaking words into smaller, recognizable parts
The Benefits of Sound Blends and Chunking • Makes decoding words easier • Big words aren’t as hard to sound/stretch out if you recognize some of the blends and chunks in it • Also trying to find smaller words in bigger words is helpful and will speed up decoding as well.
Mini Lesson On Sound Blends and Chunking Click, Clack, Moo: Cows That Type, by Doreen Cronin
Doing A Word Sort Spelling Words • Brown • Blend • Black • Bright • Blue • Brick
Word Sort Practicing Chunks • Work with the person next to you or behind you. • Sort the words according to their BEGINNING chunk sound. • You make your own categories based on the words you have! • Don’t forget to draw the [frame] around the chunk sound in each word!
Framing Chunk Sounds • Think. Pair. Share. What did we find helpful about framing and sorting the chunk sounds?
Any Questions about Accuracy? accuracy511.wikispaces.com Don’t forget to check out our wiki! Everything we did today plus more is up there! Thank you!