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The Industrial Age. Outcome: Organized Labor. Organized Labor. 1. Organized Labor: a . Unionism was legalized in 1842 b . Philosophy : a group is more powerful than an individual c . 3 Goals --‐--‐--‐> To improve worker’s: i . Wages ($$$) ii . Hours iii . Working conditions

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organized labor
Organized Labor
  • 1. Organized Labor:

a. Unionism was legalized in 1842

b. Philosophy: a group is more powerful than an individual

c. 3 Goals --‐--‐--‐> To improve worker’s:

i.Wages ($$$)


iii. Working conditions

d. Father of Unionism in America was Samuel Gompers (Est. the AFL in 1886)

organized labor1
Organized Labor

2. Tactics

a. Ideally collective bargaining (negotiating) will help settle a contract dispute

b. Union Tactics

i. Slow--‐down: work slower or produce fewer goods

ii. Strike (walk--‐out): workers leave place of work together

iii. Boycott (used by consumers): refusal to buy goods from specific company

iv. Sit--‐down strike: sit down on the job and refuse to work (illegal)

organized labor2
Organized Labor

c. Management Tactics

i. Speed--‐Up: force workers to increase output

ii. Lock--‐out: lock out workers so they cannot work and cannot get paid

iii. Hire scabs or replacement workers (often the “new immigrants”)

iv. Blacklist: circulate names to other business with intent to not hire (illegal)

v. Yellow--‐dog contract: Contract stating you cannot join a union (illegal)

organized labor3
Organized Labor

3. Mediation & Arbitration

a. Mediation: a 3rd party suggests

b. Arbitration: a 3rd party decides

c. Injunction: Court order

d. These three tactics usually worked in favor of management during Industrial Age

organized labor4
Organized Labor

4. Generalizations

a. Unions lost most labor disputes (Management had many advantages)

b. Violence caused union membership to decline by 1900

c. Owners disliked unions

d. Unions resented the “new immigrants” (Nativismincreased)

e.Socialism was gaining appeal to workers