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ROMANTICISM The Second Generation Poets: Byron Shelley Keats. Wordsworth and Coleridge blazed the way for the “second generation” Romantic poets: Lord Byron Percy Bysshe Shelley John Keats.
Percy Bysshe Shelley
Member of the House of Lords, Byron was handsome, egotistical, and aloof, the darling of elegant society.
Shocked by his radical politics and scandalous love affairs, Byron was shunned by London society and, so he left Britain in 1816, never to return.
Shunned for his radical ideas, Shelley left England for good in 1818.
Shelley died in a boating accident just after his 30th birthday. Foul play has always been suspected.
This sonnet vividly describes a woman’s beauty, capturing its essential power and linking it to universal images.
This poem provides an ironic comment on human pride and ambition. A traveler describes the ruins of an ancient statue of a ruler. On its base is an arrogant inscription; however, what is left of the statue stands in an empty desert, for the works of Ozymandias have crumbled under the onslaught of time and nature.
Offers opinions on political issues, building arguments on evidence and assumptions
A lyric poem characterized by heightened emotion, that pays respect to a person or thing, usually directly addressed by the speaker
Keats created his own form of the ode, using 10-line stanzas of iambic pentameter, beginning with a heroic quatrain (4 lines rhymed abab) followed by a sestet.
The speaker expresses fears that he will not live to fulfill his potential. Keats died less than three years after he wrote it.
Keats comes to an understanding about the nature of truth and beauty as he gazes at an ancient Greek urn. The scenes, frozen in time, eternally beautiful and unchanging, symbolize that the urn’s beauty embodies the eternity of truth.
Thou foster child of silence and slow time...”
Keats’s poem is not about or on the nightingale, but to the bird. The speaker passes beyond the limit of ordinary experience and becomes too happy in the experience conveyed in the bird’s song.
An unidentified passerby asks the knight what is wrong. The knight answers that he has been in love with and abandoned by a beautiful lady. But what does it mean? What is the meaning of the knight’s experience? Was the knight deluded by his beloved, or did he delude himself?