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PERENNIAL PEANUT FIELD DAY. SPONSORED BY: LOWNDES COUNTY YOUNG FARMERS RON SMOAK, ADVISOR. Provided by Dr. James Corbett, Agriculture Teacher, Lowndes Co. High School GA Ag Ed Curriculum Office To accompany Georgia Agriculture Education Curriculum July 2002. WHAT IS A PERENNIAL PEANUT?.

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perennial peanut field day
PERENNIAL PEANUT FIELD DAY
  • SPONSORED BY:
    • LOWNDES COUNTY YOUNG FARMERS
    • RON SMOAK, ADVISOR

Provided by Dr. James Corbett, Agriculture Teacher, Lowndes Co. High School

GA Ag Ed Curriculum Office

To accompany Georgia Agriculture Education Curriculum

July 2002

what is a perennial peanut
WHAT IS A PERENNIAL PEANUT?
  • A PRIMITIVE PEANUT THAT PRODUCES VERY FEW SEEDS.
  • A WARM SEASON/TROPICAL PERENNIAL LEGUME FROM SOUTH AFRICA.
also known as florida s alfalfa
ALSO KNOWN AS “FLORIDA’S ALFALFA”
  • IT IS SIMILAR IN QUALITY TO ALFALFA.
    • CRUDE PROTEIN RANGES FROM 13%-18%
    • DIGESTIBILITY IS QUITE SIMILAR TO ALFALFA
advantages of perennial peanuts
ADVANTAGES OF PERENNIAL PEANUTS
  • LONG-LIVING/ DOES NOT REQUIRE REPLANTING
  • NO ADDITIONAL NITROGEN NEEDED
  • NO MAJOR INSECT, DISEASE, OR NEMATODE PESTS
  • HIGH TOLERANCE TO DROUGHT
how do i get started planting perennial peanuts
HOW DO I GET STARTED PLANTING PERENNIAL PEANUTS?
  • Locate a source of well-managed rhizomes
  • Complete land preparation during the winter months
  • Plant during January, February, and March
planting site requirements
PLANTING SITE REQUIREMENTS
  • Geographic- grow best from South Georgia to North Florida (neither above 31º to 32º latitude nor farther than 80 miles from a coast)
  • Climatic- grow best in full sun; long, hot, & humid days
  • Soil- grow best in well-drained soil and deep sands
  • Fertilization- must soil test for phosphorus and potassium
planting site requirements cont
PLANTING SITE REQUIREMENTS (CONT.)
  • Site History- try to avoid post-plant weed problems in field
  • Land Preparation- must bottom plow followed by disk-harrow in order to smooth land
planting material
PLANTING MATERIAL
  • Cultivars- Florigraze & Arbrook
    • Florigraze- adapted to well drained-soils
    • Arbrook- drought hardy; does well on excessively drained sandy soils
  • Source- propagated vegetatively using rhizomes (modified underground stems)
rhizome harvesting
RHIZOME HARVESTING
  • Remove from soil mechanically with a sprig harvester
  • Plant as individual rhizome pieces
  • Rhizomes should be 1/8 inch plus in diameter and a minimum of 9 inches in length
  • Rhizomes should be planted as soon as possible after digging
planting
PLANTING
  • Time of Planting- during winter months of January, February, and March (peanut is in a quiescent or inactive growing state)
  • Planting Rate- 80 bushels of rhizomes/acre
  • Planting Methods- Bermuda sprig planters commonly used; broadcast by hand; disk harrow to depth of 1 1/2 - 2 inches
cost considerations
COSTCONSIDERATIONS
  • Establishment (varies from as little as $200 up to $500/acre)
  • Number of acres to be planted
  • Rhizome source
  • Labor
  • Equipment
post plant management
POST-PLANT MANAGEMENT
  • Sand Blast Prevention- includes planting rye in strips every 10 feet over field
  • Irrigation- should be considered if it is available.
  • Weed Control- must be done during first and second growing season; includes chemical applications and mowing
harvesting
HARVESTING
  • Best way to harvest is with a square baler; store bales in a dry, dark barn
  • Keep horse-quality hay from rain and other elements after harvest
  • Wet hay can be rolled into larger bales for cattle hay
marketing
MARKETING
  • Majority of the hay is used in the horse industry
  • 50-60 bales sell for approximately $5/bale