Implementation of ICDS. A Presentation By Sr. Sheeba Jose. Objectives. The Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) Scheme was launched in 1975 with the following objectives: To improve the nutritional and health status of children in the age-group 0-6 years;
Sr. Sheeba Jose
The Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) Scheme was launched in 1975 with the following objectives:
Revised cost of supplementary nutrition by GOI, Ministry Letter no. F.No. 4-2/2008-CD.II dated 07.11.08
Revised by GOI, vide Letter no. F. No. 5-9/2005-ND-Tech Vol. II dated 24.2.2009
For the children, State/ UTs have been requested to make arrangements to serve Hot Cooked Meal in AWCs under the ICDS Scheme. Since a child is not capable of consuming a meal of 500 calories in one sitting, the States/ UTs are advised to consider serving more than one meal to the children who come to AWCs. Since the process of cooking and serving hot cooked meal takes time, and in most of the cases, the food is served around noon, States/ UTs may provide 500 calories over more than one meal. States/ UTs may arrange to provide a morning snack in the form of milk/banana/egg/seasonal fruits/ micronutrient fortified food etc.
STATEMENT SHOWING STATE-WISE POSITION OF FUNDS RELEASED AND EXPENDITURE REPORTED UNDER ICDS SCHEME (GENERAL) DURING YEAR 2006-07 TO 2009-10 (upto 12.11.2009)
A Case Study of Allahabad Slum
ICDS is basically a community based programme, therefore, apart from what the Anganwadi workers and helpers have informed about their centers, it is equally important to ascertain the perception of community in order to understand the functioning of the Anganwadi centers in its right perspective. Therefore, 58 AWC were randomly selected to get an overview of functioning of the scheme. The same number of related communities of the same areas (a group of people comprising of pregnant and lactating women, children of 5-6 yrs age group, parents of children, adolescent girls) were also interviewed.
Only 24 per cent AWC have toilet facility at the center for the children.
According to Supreme Court guidelines every AWC has to weigh children once in a month but only 7 per cent AWC were found where the weighing machine was functioning properly.
At approximate 31 per cent of the centers, they failed to present any kind of properly maintained documents as everything was maintained by the Anganwadi workers at home who rarely visit the centers.
At the most of the centers the number of children present in the register are always more than the number of children actually present at the centre.
Blank Food-stock Register
Blank Immunization Register
The expired Medicine
About 60 per cent of the community surveyed reported that children get a very small quantity of panjiri which is insufficient for their diet.
These centers most of the time distribute only panjiri while a very small proportion of the community informed that few centers sometimes also give khichri and halwa.
64 per cent of beneficiaries rated the quality of food given by AWC is poor while only 36 per cent rated it of average quality.
The food, in general, was found rotten, infected with worms and fungus.
In order to initiated a debate on all these issues Sahyog organized a public hearing at St. Joseph’s College ground on 15th of December, 2009 at 12 noon. Affected residents of slums in the city put forth their grievances regarding the mal-functioning of ICDS programme in their respective areas before the ADM Civil Supplies and CDPO, Allahabad.