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Venture Capital. Kristen Attard Lauren Brett Preety Dev Alex Fitzthum Adam Schlachter. Contents. What is venture capital? History of venture capital Why do you need venture capital? Why not get a bank loan? Angel investors What do you give up? Why do you care?

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venture capital

Venture Capital

Kristen Attard

Lauren Brett

Preety Dev

Alex Fitzthum

Adam Schlachter

  • What is venture capital?
  • History of venture capital
  • Why do you need venture capital?
    • Why not get a bank loan?
    • Angel investors
  • What do you give up?
    • Why do you care?
  • Where do you get venture capital?
    • Who do you contact?
    • How do you convince them?
      • The Elevator Pitch
what is venture capitalism
What is Venture Capitalism?
  • In short, it is a way to obtain money and experience for a business via private equity
  • Otherwise, money is gained through
    • Personal Savings
    • Bootlegging
      • Use of company’s profits early-on to grow
    • Bank Loan
  • Venture Capitalists (VCs)
    • Individuals willing to invest in the business
what is venture capitalism1
What is Venture Capitalism?
  • Venture Capital from a Company’s Viewpoint
    • Company starts up and seeks investors to grow
    • A business plan is created for the VCs to look at
    • If VCs interested, the first round of money (seed money) is doled out
      • Typically will receive 3 to 4 rounds of funding
    • VCs get stock and some control in the company for invested money
      • VCs on the board of directors
      • Amount of stock given to VCs happens during the pre-money valuation
      • Post-money valuation happens after VCs invest money
    • Original shareholders values diluted from 100% to whatever is decided upon during the pre and post-money valuation
history of venture capital
History of venture capital
  • Some of the first Venture Capitalist were the Vanderbilts, Whitneys, Rockefellers and Warburgs in the first half of the 20th century. VC was then the domain of wealthy individuals and families.
  • The Small Business Investment Act of 1958 was the first step toward a professionally-managed venture capital industry. The Act officially allowed for the licensing of private "Small Business Investment Companies" the first Venture capital firms.
history of venture capital1
History of venture capital
  • In 1960s and 1970s, VC firms focused their investment on starting and expanding companies. These companies were primarily exploiting breakthroughs in electronic, medical, or data-processing technology. Consequently VC has come to be synonymous with technology finance.
  • In the 1980’s the industry was hampered by sharply declining returns and certain venture firms began posting losses for the first time. The market for initial public offerings cooled in the mid-1980s before collapsing after the stock market crash in 1987.
history of venture capital2
History of venture capital
  • The late 1990s were a boom time for VC, they benefited from a huge surge of interest in the Internet and other computer technologies. Initial public offerings of stock for technology and other growth companies were in abundance and venture firms were reaping large returns.

NASDAQ Composite Index

history of venture capital3
History of Venture Capital
  • VC funding has since spread widely through the medical field.
  • Examples:
    • The Vertical Group is one of many VC firms
  • Many start-ups have begun in recent years after sequencing the human genome, centered around early disease detection and prevention.
why do you need venture capital
Many businesses and start up companies are too small and/or inexperienced to raise enough money for expenses on their own

Expenses include R&D, employee salaries and benefits, and manufacturing and production costs.

Venture Capitalists are expected to bring not only managerial and technical expertise but also capital to their investments

Why do you need venture capital?
why vc over a bank loan
Why VC over a bank loan?
  • Venture capital funds are generally a pooled investment vehicle that invests financial capital of third party investors in enterprises that are too risky for the standard capital markets or bank loans
  • If a bank did loan you money, you would have no say in how the money is spent
    • Sometimes getting a loan can be a shot in the dark!
alternatives to venture capital
Angel Investors

Many start up companies seek out angel investors because of the strict requirements venture capitalists have for potential investments

Angel investors typically invest their own money

More willing to invest in highly speculative opportunities

May have had a prior relationship with the entrepreneur.

Known to invest between $250,000 to $1M, whereas family and friend investments are typically from $0 to $250,000 and VC’s are from $1M to $2M

They “fill the gap” between “family and friend” investments and Venture Capital

Angel investors and Angel networks invest annually just as much as venture capitalists into start up companies, but invest in 10X as many companies

Recently groups have emerged aside from VC and Angel Investors which allow groups of small investors or entrepreneurs to compete in a privatized business plan competition where the group itself serves as the investor through a democratic process

Alternatives to Venture Capital
disadvantages of venture capital
Disadvantages of Venture Capital
  • In-direct Investment: Most Venture capitalists are firms that have investors or limited partners who provide funds
    • Ownership rights
    • Expenses and Profits highly regulated
    • May influence management infrastructure
    • Equity on a company will last for an infinite time period
    • Selection process is very strict and there are many strict requirements that venture capitalists place on the companies they invest in.
advantages of venture capital
Advantages of Venture Capital
  • Increase in start up capital will allow for access to new technology and amenities available
  • Increase company’s net worth in short time period
  • Provide resources
    • Mentor - with strategic, operational and financial advice.
    • Alliances - Venture capitalists can introduce the company to an extensive network of strategic partners both domestically and internationally.
    • Facilitate exit - Assist in preparing initial public offering (IPO) of its shares stock exchange such as, NASDAQ and also facilitate a trade sale.
where do you get venture capital
Where do you get venture capital?
  • Can make contact with prospective investors through attorneys, consultants or business brokers.
  • Start with local VC firms (in-state)
    • Provides networking for out of state expansion
    • California has the highest concentration of VC investment compared to any other state in the country
how do you convince them
How do you convince them?
  • Once you get a meeting with a VC or a VC firm you still need to convince them to invest money into your idea or firm.
  • Business Plan
    • Shows the VC’s you have done your homework
      • How much money do you plan to make?
      • How big is the market?
      • Where do you plan on manufacturing the product and what are your cost of production?
    • All of the above are just some of the questions VC’s want answered before they give you money
  • In order to get a meeting with a VC and explain to them what their potential rewards could be you need to have a quick, powerful, it to point speech that will hook them; make them want to hear more.
    • This speech is called an “Elevator Pitch”
the elevator pitch
The Elevator Pitch
  • The elevator pitch is a brief but meaningful overview of your idea.
    • The reason it is called an elevator pitch is because is should be delivered in the amount of time you would spend in the elevator with someone (30 seconds)
  • What makes a good elevator pitch?
    • Hard numbers, no “I think” analysis
    • Know who you are talking to
      • Try to avoid words that are uncommon to many people
      • Tailor presentation to the audience
    • Make sure the person understands the “why” of what you are doing
      • What need are you fulfilling?
      • Why is it better than what is already on the market?
    • Explain how investor will obtain a return on his investment, and how much funding you need
the elevator pitch1
The Elevator Pitch
  • Useful websites for developing an elevator pitch:
    • Tech Crunch Elevator Pitches (
      • Submit videos of elevator pitches, which are voted and commented on by viewers
    • Start-Up Nation
      • Elevator Pitch Competition
    • Twitpitch(
      • New idea that elevator pitch should be further shortened to a 10-second “escalator” pitch, consisting of 140 characters (the length of a Twitter post)