Racial Inequality 2/28/2012
Learning Objectives • Critically analyze social problems by identifying value perspectives and applying concepts of sociology, political science, and economics; • Use knowledge and analyses of social problems to evaluate public policy, and to suggest policy alternatives, with special reference to questions of social justice, the common good, and public and individual responsibility.
Opportunities to discuss course content • Today- 12-2 • Wednesday– 10:00-2:00
Readings Required Civil Rights (Chapter 11) Optional Racial and Ethnic Inequality (Chapter 3) Kendall
About the paper The major part of this course is the development of a 12-15 page paper in which you will analyze a current, controversial social problem, review public policy related to this problem, present both sides of the argument, and compare/contrast your own solution. The paper will be completed in three stages.
Paper One • Background of the Social Problem, • Due 3/1/2012 • Submit Papers in two ways • In Class on 3/1/2012 (grade of zero if you fail to do this) • On turnitin.com by 11:59 p.m on 3/1 (5 pt deduction if you fail to do this • The paper you turn into class is your graded paper • No late papers
Paper 1 Specifics • Must be in MLA format • Header • Page numbers • Margins • Internal citations • Works Cited Page • 5-6 pages in length plus works cited page • 10 citations needed
Paper I Format The Paper Rubric Components • Introduction • Scope of the problem • Origin Causes • History and Background • Current Policy
About Turnitin.com • It Checks your paper for plagiarism • Against the web • Against the other papers in the turnitin archive • Failure to use this results in a 5 point deduction from your paper
Accessing Turnitin • Log into Blackboard • Go to the CULF 2321 Page • DO NOT GO TO TURNITIN.COM
Click on Assignments Click on Assignments
Click on View/Complete Click on View/Complete
Step 1 in Submitting the Paper • Fill out all the parts • You must have a title for your paper • Browse for your file • Choose Upload
Step 2 In Submitting the Paper • Preview the Paper • Make sure everything is ok • Choose Submit
Step 3 in Submitting the Paper • If you do it right, you will get the following message
Definition • pla-gia-rize Etymology: plagiary Date: 1716 transitive senses : to steal and pass off (the ideas or words of another) as one's own : use (another's production) without crediting thesource intransitive senses : to commit literary theft : present as new andoriginal an idea or product derived from an existing source From: Webster's New World Dictionary, Second College Edition
The Academic Handbook St. Edward's University expects academic honesty from all students; consequently, all work submitted for grading in a course must be created as the result of your own thought and effort. Representing work as your own when it is not a result of your own thought and effort is a violation of the St. Edward's Academic Honesty policy. The normal penalty for a student who is dishonest in any work is to receive a mark of F for that course. Plagiarism is a form of academic dishonesty and may result in the same penalty. In cases of mitigating circumstances, the instructor has the option to assign a lesser penalty. A student who has been assigned the grade of F because of academic dishonesty does not have the option of withdrawing from the course.
Theft • Taking someone else's work and submitting it as your own. • This ranges from a few sentences, to an entire paper. • it is plagiarism and is subject to the penalties under the academic honest policy
Collusion • receiving unauthorized assistance on any type of work such as writing sections of your paper. • Roommates, friends, mom and dad
What of Long Strings of Quotations • Cutting and Pasting information from the internet is stealing. • This includes big chunks of information. • Papers must be original
Unintentional Plagiarism • Is still plagiarism • failure to cite • creating an impression that someone else's work is your own
Examples • you bought or otherwise acquired a research paper and handed it in part or all of it as you own • you paraphrased someone's unique or particularly apt phrase without acknowledgement. • You repeated someone's wording without acknowledgement • while browsing the web, you copied text and pasted it into your paper without quotation marks or without citing source
When Paraphrasing is Plagiarism • Only the wording of a few phrases was changed and the sentences were only re-arranged. This is called transcribing • The writer does not acknowledge the source of the information and ideas.
When it is not • The writer uses his or her own words. • Proper acknowledgment for the ideas presented in the passage is given.
Citations are not needed • Information is your own writing • It is a familiar saying or proverb
Common Knowledge • These are facts known by a large amount of people. • These do not need citations. • George Washington was the first President of the United States
What is Not Common Knowledge • Anything that is not common knowledge needs a citation. This is especially true when the statement involves an interpretation Washington was probably a deist, though he would have strenuously denied accusations of not being a Christian, if any had been foolish enough to make them (Johnson, p.205)
Wikipedia • This is not a trusted source because it is user edited rather than peer reviewed. • It tries to present a neutral point of view, but is often lacking • The Death of Sinbad • Do not use this as a source in your paper.
Race and Ethnicity • Not the Same • Race is biological • Ethnic groups are cultural
African Americans • Largest non-white racial group in the U.S. • First African Americans arrived in 1619 • No other group experienced Slavery in America
Dred Scott vs Sanford • Involved a slave suing for his freedom • Court ruled that he had no standing to sue • Set the groundwork for the Civil War
The Ending of Slavery • 13th Amendment • 14th Amendment • 15th Amendment
Racial Discrimination after Reconstruction • Very Common throughout the U.S. • De Facto in the North • De Jure in the South (Black Codes/Jim Crow Laws)
Plessey v. Ferguson (1896) • Court ruled in favor of de jure segregation • Equal protection of the law did not apply to non-political equality or to the actions of states.
The Development of Civil Rights Policy • Initial Goals • The Role of Public Opinion
The Role of the 14th Amendment • Original Purpose • State Segregation
Brown Case (1954) • Class action suit involving 4 states • Court struck down De Jure segregation • Resistance to The Decision
The Current Racial Balance of Schools • De Facto Segregation Rules the Day • Federalism and Funding are the reasons.
Civil Rights act of 1964 • Adds Teeth to the Brown Decision • Ends Segregation through Law • Cross-Cutting legislation regarding federal funding
Voting Rights act of 1965 • Ends State attempts to deny suffrage to African-Americans • African Americans vote at almost the same rates as Whites today.
Affirmative Action • Results vs. Opportunities • Hard Quotas are a violation • Racial Preferences may be used