The rise of the song 960 c e 1279 c e
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The Rise of the Song (960 C.E. – 1279 C.E.). Chapter 12 (2 of 3). By the mid-800s, the Tang Dynasty was beginning to collapse. Text Box. Star-Crossed Lovers and the Fall of a Dynasty. Yang Guifei. Xuanzong. Xuanzong.

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The rise of the song 960 c e 1279 c e

The Rise of the Song (960 C.E. – 1279 C.E.)

Chapter 12 (2 of 3)


Yang abused the immense power she got, promoting family members to important jobs and wasting government’s money

Tang Emperor (713-756)

At first he reformed and improved China, but overexpandedwhich helped lead to collapse

As Xuanzong was oblivious, and Yang abused power, China had huge economic problems and military was weakened as result

As time went on, Xuanzong lost interest in politics and slipped into life of luxury

Became infatuated with 1 of his many concubines, Yang Guifei

An lushan

An Lushan = nomadic general who led rebellion against the Tang in 755

To stop revolt, Tang had to make alliances with nomadic military leaders, who got large areas of land in north China

An Lushan

Revolt was stopped, but Xuanzong forced to have Yang executed

Economy kept getting worse and rebellions kept occurring, often led by unhappy peasants

Tang became very weak and soon the Song Dynasty took over

The rise of the song 960 c e 1279 c e

In 907 the last Tang emperor forced to resign

Zhao Kuangyin emerged as leader and began the Song Dynasty

The 1 group Song never beat were the Khitan people (nomads) from the Liao Dynasty

Khitans left Song alone as long as Song paid tribute, but Song at mercy of the nomads

Song v tang dynasties
Song v. Tang Dynasties

Song never got as large as Tang

Song had even more emphasis on examinations and increased size of bureaucracy even more

Bureaucracy became overstaffed and wasteful, but scholar-gentry class gained even more power at expense ofaristocrats and Buddhists

The neo confusions
The Neo-Confusions

New schools and academies formed to teach Confucian ideas and texts (teaching indigenous idea of Confucianism over outside ideas like Buddhism

Under the Song, there was a revival of Confucian thought as scholar-gentry gained influence (called neo-Confucianism)

Neo-Confucians emphasized Confucian teachings of class, age, and gender roles (traditions)

Reinforced idea men as head of family, and the best way to solve problems was to look back at history (stress of tradition actually slowed new innovations)

Zhu Xi = The leading Neo-Confucian during Song Era

The music fades on the song dynasty
The Music Fades on the Song Dynasty

Song couldn’t stop nomadic Khitans, so other nomads decided they could attack

Songs had been paying Khitans “protection” money, which drained economy

Reasons for Song Demise

Song had large army (over 1 million), but it was costly and poorly led

Funds needed to improve army instead went to education and entertainment

Wang anshi tries to get the song to carry on
Wang Anshi Tries to Get the Song to Carry On

Wang Anshi = Chief Minister in the 1070s who initiated series of reforms to try to prevent a Song collapse

Government gave cheap loans to spur business, built irrigation systems, and reformed education, and taxed landlords and scholar-gentry to be able to afford better army

Legalist = belief that government should intervene a lot in society (Wang was a legalist)

The fat lady sings for the song
The Fat Lady Sings for the Song

The emperor supporting Wang and his ideas died, and new emperor stopped reforms

Neo-Confucians came to power, against Legalist reforms, and economy again suffered

The peasants were upset with the economic problems and rebelled against the Song government

Jurchens = nomads from the north who after defeating Liao (who had been “protecting” Song) conquered the Song

Sort of

Southern song dynasty 1127 1279
Southern Song Dynasty (1127-1279)

Song Dynasty able to live on, although on a much smaller scale

Though much smaller, this period was a glorious cultural period for the Chinese